|Number of islands||approx. 1100|
|Main island||Baranof Island|
|Total land area||35,000 km²|
|MODIS satellite image of the Alexander Archipelago|
The islands are at the top of a chain of steep submarine mountains along the Pacific coast of Canada and Alaska . The approximately 1,100 islands are separated from each other and from the mainland by deep straits . The northern part of the Inside Passage runs through the archipelago.
The largest islands are the three ABC Islands ( Chichagof Island , Admiralty Island , Baranof Island ), Wrangell Island , Revillagigedo Island , Kupreanof Island , Prince of Wales Island , Kuiu Island and Etolin Island .
All islands are very rugged, densely forested and have a large variety of wild animals .
In the region living Indian tribes of the Tlingit and Kaigani Haida . The Tsimshians who live on Annette Island are not originally from the region, but immigrated from British Columbia in the late 19th century .
The archipelago was named after Alexander Andrejewitsch Baranow (1747-1819), the head of the Russian fur trading company at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. From 1799 to 1818 he was the first governor of the Russian-American Company ; he formally took possession of the islands in 1799. Baranof Island is also named after him.