Allied Joint Force Command Lisbon

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Allied Joint Force Command (JFC) Lisbon

Flag of Allied Joint Force Command Lisbon.gif

coat of arms
active March 1, 2004 to December 31, 2012
Type Flag of NATO.svg NATO JFC
Insinuation Flag of NATO.svg ACO
Seat Oeiras near Lisbon , Portugal

The Allied Joint Command Lisbon ( JC Lisbon or Joint Headquarters Lisbon ) was one of three main NATO commands at the operational level and was subordinate to the Allied Command Operations . It was based in Oeiras , near Lisbon in Portugal . In June 2011 it was decided to dissolve the JC Lisbon. On December 31, 2012, the command was finally deactivated.


In April 1949 joined Portugal of NATO in, making it one of the founding nations Selbiger. Since 1950 there have been plans for an Atlantic command on the Iberian Peninsula IBERLANT , but these are not implemented. France's withdrawal from NATO structures in 1965 served as a catalyst for the following decisions. In November 1966 the North Atlantic Council decided to set up IBERLANT . Lisbon , the capital of Portugal, is a candidate for the stationing of the new command. Other possible locations were Gibraltar , Casablanca and Brest . In 1967 the NATO Military Committee approved the proposal to set up the new headquarters in Portugal. This happened in a temporary building. In 1969 a project, the cost of which was 6.2 million US dollars, began to build the permanent headquarters of the IBERLANT in Reducto Gomes Freire , Oeiras .

In March 1972 the villa near Sintra was given up and the staff moved to the building complex in Oeiras. On October 28, 1972, the flags of NATO and Portugal were then hoisted over the new IBERLANT headquarters. The command took over as First Rear Adm . Eugene B. Fluckley of the US Navy . On September 18, 1982, the command post of the Defense Committee of the North Atlantic Council was promoted from Commander IBERLANT ( COMIBERLANT ) to Commander-in-Chief IBERLANT ( CINCIBERLANT ) and the Portuguese Vice Admiral Ilídio Elias da Costa was appointed as the first commander to this new post.

In January 1995, the Portuguese Navy moved its fleet headquarters to the IBERLANT building complex in Oeiras. On September 1, 1999, the post of commander was upgraded again, now to Commander-in-Chief South Atlantic ( CINCSOUTHLANT ), and now assumed a much larger area of ​​responsibility as NATO's regional command. In addition, the headquarters has now been renamed Regional Headquarters South Atlantic ( RHQ SOUTHLANT ).

On June 12, 2003, as a result of the transformation of NATO, after the transformation of the Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic ( SACLANT ) to the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation ( SACT ), SOUTHLANT was subordinate to the Supreme Allied Commander Europe . In March 2004, CINCSOUTHLANT was converted to the Allied Joint Command Headquarters Lisbon ( JHQ Lisbon ). From October 19, 2005 to February 8, 2006, JHQ Lisbon commanded the NATO disaster relief team in Pakistan as part of the earthquake follow-up. In June 2005 JC Lisbon was commissioned to support the African Union Mission in Sudan ( AMIS ). As part of this mission, JC Lisbon was responsible for coordinating air transport for African Union (AU) troops deployed in Darfur as part of AMIS. In addition, individual staff officers were assigned to support the AU. Among other things, the post of Senior Military Liaison Officer of NATO was established at the AU. This post is occupied by a colonel or equivalent from the Joint Command Lisbon. It changes every six months. The AMIS Support Mission ended on December 31, 2007. As of July 1, 2008, JC Lisbon has been responsible for command of the NATO Response Force .

After France's return to the integrated NATO command structure in 2009, France "received" the post of commander of the JC Lisbon in Lisbon and that of the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation in Norfolk , Virginia .


The JC Lisbon was designed as a purpose-oriented, small headquarters that could be used for rapid crisis response in the entire area of ​​responsibility of NATO and beyond. Once activated, it was able to serve as a sea-based command center during the initiation of peacekeeping or combat missions.

This difference to the two sister commands under the Allied Command Operations , the Joint Force Commands ( JFC ) in Naples and Brunssum , is also made clear by the name chosen. The two JFCs each have subordinate land, air and maritime components, while JC Lisbon did not have any assigned components.


Until 2009, the command had an admiral of the US Navy , who was also deputy commander of US Naval Forces Europe , commander of the US Sixth Fleet and commander of the Striking and Support Forces of NATO . After the reintegration of France into the NATO command structure , this post is occupied by a French. Since July 20, 2009 this has been Lieutenant General Philippe Stoltz . The deputy commander was a lieutenant general in the Portuguese Air Force until 2010 and a lieutenant general in the Spanish Air Force since it was renamed JFC Lisbon. He took over command on July 1, 2012 and led it until it was dissolved on December 31, 2012.

Surname Beginning of the appointment End of appointment
Manuel Mestre July 1, 2012 December 31, 2012
Philippe Stoltz July 20, 2009 June 30, 2012
Bruce W. Clingan August 14, 2008 July 20, 2009
James A. Winnefeld, Jr. September 14, 2007 August 14, 2008
John Stufflebeem June 15, 2005 September 14, 2007
??? ??? June 15, 2005

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. NATO to close bases in economy, efficiency drive. Retrieved June 17, 2011 .
  2. ^ Allied Joint Force Command Lisbon Deactivation Ceremony. December 18, 2012, accessed August 6, 2018 .

Coordinates: 38 ° 40 ′ 29 "  N , 9 ° 19 ′ 30.4"  W.