Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum

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JFC Brunssum

Coat of arms of Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum.svg

coat of arms
Lineup July 1, 2004
Country Multinational
Type Flag of NATO.svg NATO JFC
Insinuation Flag of NATO.svg ACO
Seat Brunssum , NL

JFC Land Commander
General Jörg Vollmer Flag of Germany.svg
Deputy Commander Lieutenant General Stuart Skeates United KingdomUnited Kingdom
Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Reviers de Mauny Flag of France.svg

The Allied Joint Force Command (JFC) Brunssum , also JFC Brunssum , in the Netherlands is directly subordinate to the NATO Allied Command Operations and is one of the two European NATO commands of the operational management level next to the JFC Naples .

JFC Brunssum emerged from the former RC Allied Forces North Europe ( AFNORTH ), before that from the HQ Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT).


AFCENT precursor

AFCENT structure (1989)
Areas of responsibility of the corps in NATO Central Europe in the 1980s

After the founding of NATO in 1949, the first Supreme Allied Commander Europe, Dwight D. Eisenhower, formulated the original ideas for command regulation in Central Europe with his planning staff from 1951. Above all, taking into account the interests of the main states involved (USA, Great Britain and France), he envisaged a functional tripartite division into Allied Land Forces Central Europe , Allied Air Forces Central Europe and Allied Naval Forces Central Europe , whose commanders gave him (as Commander Chief - CinC) should report directly. This deviated from the structures in the neighboring command areas AFNORTH and AFSOUTH, where only one CinC was named. His successor from 1952, Matthew B. Ridgway , saw this as too unwieldy and in 1953 pushed through the appointment of a single commander in chief for the Central European area (CINCENT). On August 20, 1953, a new headquarters for the NATO Forces Central Europe, the Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT), was established in Fontainebleau , France . The post of CINCENT was always occupied by a French general, he was subordinate to the three branches of the COMLANDCENT, COMAIRCENT and COMNAVCENT.

On July 1, 1966, France withdrew from the NATO command structure because French President Charles de Gaulle did not accept NATO as an instrument of US interests and wanted to preserve France's military independence and freedom of choice. Therefore, he no longer placed French troops under US command and ordered that all Allied facilities had to leave France by April 1, 1967.

The NATO Headquarters for Europe ( SHAPE ) was relocated to Casteau near Mons in Belgium . The Dutch government offered to set up AFCENT's headquarters near an old coal mine in the province of Limburg . The relocation of the headquarters to Brunssum in South Limburg took place from January to March 1967 and was inaugurated in June of the same year. In addition, the post of commander has now been filled with a general in the Bundeswehr .

During the Cold War , AFCENT consisted of two army groups : the Northern Army Group (NORTHAG), including parts of the British Rhine Army , and the Central Army Group (CENTAG), as well as the Second Allied Tactical Air Force (2ATAF) and Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force ( 4ATAF). From June 28, 1974 the HQ Allied Air Forces Central Europe (AAFCE) was reactivated and the HQ 2ATAF and 4ATAF for specific tasks (Air Ops & Air Defense) were subordinated. After the fall of the Berlin Wall and German reunification 1989/1990 which was National People's Army of the GDR dissolved and integrated their associations in part in the armed forces and thus also in NATO.

2000-2004: RC AFNORTH

As part of the transformation of the NATO command structure , the AFCENT headquarters was restructured on March 3, 2000 and became the Regional Command Allied Forces North Europe (RC AFNORTH). On July 1, 2004, RC AFNORTH was restructured again and renamed Allied Joint Forces Command Brunssum (JFC Brunssum). This new structure placed the emphasis on the fact that the new NATO command structures were no longer regionally bound, but could act flexibly in supporting NATO operations.

The NATO bunker Castle Gate had been planned as a location in the event of war or crisis since the 1960s and was built from 1983 onwards. This was put into service in 1996 after demonstrations by the German peace movement in Linnich - Glimbach and was only given a function after the terrorist threat of the 21st century .


The JFC Brunssum , like the JFC Naples, is supported by the following commands from the tactical management level:

The JFC Brunssum is a military high command (headquarters) for operations in the entire area of ​​responsibility of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe and beyond, which support the defense of the NATO area and its armed forces. The execution and support of NATO operations is the main task, including the main burden of ISAF in Afghanistan . Within the program Partnership for Peace ( Partnership for Peace ) supported JFC Brunssum cooperation and dialogue with partner countries to NATO ties to Russia , the Ukraine and the Mediterranean Dialogue to improve. JFC Brunssum is also working closely with NATO's Allied Command Transformation to improve composite command capabilities.

There is also an AFNORTH International School in Brunssum, which the soldiers' children from Germany, Canada and the USA can attend.


General Hans-Lothar Domröse as Commander of Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum at the ISAF Headquarters in Kabul, August 2014

From 1953 to 1966, AFCENT was always commanded by a French, then with one exception a general in the Bundeswehr . The RC AFNORTH was also commanded by a British. The rotation principle for staffing posts was abolished in 2004. The deputy commander in chief is a lieutenant general in the British Forces. The chief of staff is currently provided by the French armed forces and also holds the rank of lieutenant general.

Surname Beginning of the term of office Term expires
Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces Central Europe (CINCENT)
FranceFrance Alphonse Juin 20th August 1953 September 1956
FranceFrance Jean-Étienne Valluy October 1956 May 1960
FranceFrance Maurice Challe May 1960 February 1961
FranceFrance Pierre-Elie Jaquot March 1961 December 1963
FranceFrance Jean Albert Emile Crépin December 1963 June 1966
GermanyGermany Johann Adolf Graf von Kielmansegg September 1, 1966 April 1, 1968
GermanyGermany Jürgen Bennecke July 1, 1968 September 30, 1973
GermanyGermany Ernst Ferber 1st October 1973 September 30, 1975
GermanyGermany Karl Schnell 1st October 1975 7th January 1977
GermanyGermany Franz-Joseph Schulze 7th January 1977 September 30, 1979
GermanyGermany Ferdinand von Senger and Etterlin 1st October 1979 September 28, 1983
GermanyGermany Leopold Chalupa September 28, 1983 1st October 1987
GermanyGermany Hans-Henning von Sandrart 1st October 1987 September 27, 1991
GermanyGermany Henning from Ondarza September 27, 1991 March 23, 1994
GermanyGermany Helge Hansen April 1, 1994 March 1996
GermanyGermany Dieter Stöckmann March 1996 March 30, 1998
GermanyGermany Joachim Spiering March 30, 1998 March 3, 2000
Commander-in-Chief, Allied Forces North Europe
GermanyGermany Joachim Spiering March 3, 2000 March 2001
United KingdomUnited Kingdom Sir Jack Deverell March 2001 January 2004
GermanyGermany Gerhard Back January 2004 July 1, 2004
Commander-in-Chief, Joint Force Command Brunssum
GermanyGermany Gerhard Back July 1, 2004 January 26, 2007
GermanyGermany Egon Ramms January 26, 2007 September 29, 2010
GermanyGermany Wolf-Dieter Langheld September 29, 2010 December 14, 2012
GermanyGermany Hans-Lothar Domröse December 14, 2012 4th March 2016
ItalyItaly Salvatore Farina 4th March 2016 February 21, 2018
ItalyItaly Riccardo Marchiò February 21, 2018 May 31, 2019
GermanyGermany Erhard Bühler May 31, 2019 April 22, 2020
GermanyGermany Jörg Vollmer April 22, 2020 constantly
  1. on July 1, 1966, France withdraws from NATO structures

See also

Web links

Commons : Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Leadership Staff Current commanders