Alphonse Gratry

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Alphonse Gratry

Auguste Joseph Alphonse Gratry (born March 30, 1805 in Lille , † February 7, 1872 in Montreux ) was a French Catholic religious teacher, priest, opponent of infallibility and pacifist.

After military training, Gratry studied with Louis Eugène Marie Bautain in Strasbourg (a fideistic - biblical tradition, premodernistic ), where he became a priest in 1832, fought Renan and Vacherot and in particular the pantheism of Hegel , in 1852 he founded the oratory of the Immaculate Conception , where he later resigned, in 1861 he stood up for peace by engaging in social progress and Christian ecumenism. In 1863 he became a professor at the Sorbonne in Paris , and in 1867 a member of the Académie française .

Fridolin Hoffmann published his work against infallibility authenticated in German. It is dealt with extensively in the context of the Vatican One scriptures . But Gratry submitted.

In the area of ​​pacifist and erotic emancipation in connection with an idealistic-speculative philosophy of friendship between nations ( Herder ), he opposes scholasticism with its own ontology. His path from immaculate conception to free spiritual sexuality does not reach the mystical intensity of Saint-Martin's or Baader's erotic philosophy, but because of its connection with the celibacy problem , it is of greater influence, especially among those affected. Philosophically, he works on a connection between the philosophy of life and mathematical logic.

The Sillon movement has referred to him - since 1894 - and in 1906 a gratry society for peace is founded.


  • Le Mois de Marie, Paris 1859, German Herder Cologne / Munich / Vienna 1925.
  • De la connaissance de Dieu, 2 volumes, Paris 1853, German Regensburg 1858.
  • De la connaissance de l'âme, Paris 1857, German Regensburg 1859.
  • La Paix, Paris 1861.
  • La philosophie du Credo, Paris 1861, German Herder Cologne / Munich / Vienna 1926.
  • Letters to Msgr. Dechamps . 2nd, 3rd, 4th letter. Authorized translation by Fridolin Hoffmann. Münster: Brunn 1870.
  • Gratry, Alphonse: You sacerdoce au mariage. Gratry and Loyson . Lettres et journaux intimes / publié par A. Houtin et P.-L. Couchoud, Rieder, Paris 1927.


Large articles in LThk1, WetzeWelcker, Vacant

  • Perraud: Le Père Gratry in: Correspondant 1872, I.
  • Floekner, K .: Critique of the basic elements of the Gratry system. 1889 (Breslau program) ( digitized version )
  • Scheller, E .: Basics of the theory of knowledge at Gratry. Halle 1929 (there literature)
  • Hennesey, James SJ: The First Council of the Vatican. The American Experience. New York 1963

Web links


  1. for example from the Jesuit Hennesey (see literature). An Old Catholic reception is only sporadically tangible