Antoine Ricouart d'Hérouville

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Antoine Ricouart d'Hérouville (born November 16, 1713 in Paris ; † August 29, 1782 ibid), comte d'Hérouville, Lieutenant-général des armées du Roi , was a high-ranking military and scientist of the 18th century.


Antoine de Ricouart was the only son of Jacques-Antoine de Ricouart (1682-1760), chevalier and marquis d'Hérouville, and Marie-Gabrielle Nivelle de la Chaussée. The family came from the Vexin . Near Rouen they owned the Hérouville estate . This had been raised to a county by patent letter of December 1654. The patent was renewed in 1757 at the request of Antoine Ricouart.

At the age of 21 he was appointed Colonel des Régiment de Bourgogne on February 20, 1734 . On February 20, 1743 he was promoted to Brigadier des armées du Roi and on June 6, 1745 to the Maréchal de camp . On May 10, 1748 he was transferred to the position of Lieutenant-général des Armées du Roi . In 1754 he was appointed in command of the Guyenne Province. From 1757 to 1761 he was at the head of the Régiment de Hainaut , with which he served in Picardy , Flanders and in Boulonnais .

The patents for pumping systems, which he had received between 1746 and 1758, enabled him to dry out the swamp near Les Moëres in Flanders. In 7161 he succeeded his father as governor of Fort Barraux.

Hérouville was the first shareholder in the "Compagnie des mines de Montrelais", a coal mine in the Loire-Atlantique department , one of the first coal mines and the second to use Thomas Newcomen's steam engine since 1757 to pump out the groundwater.

Antoine Ricouart d'Hérouville was a friend of the royal mathematician Jean-Étienne Montucla , he was a member of the Academy of Montauban and Bordeaux and co-founder of the “Société royale d'agriculture” (“Royal Agricultural Society”) in Paris. He was also involved in scientific collections and elaborations - especially in the Encyclopédie méthodique - and wrote articles on mineralogy as well as rape and madder . The articles Mémoires curieux in the Encyclopédie came from him .

He was considered a minister under Louis XV , but since his marriage was not considered an equal, he was ultimately out of the question.

When he died, he was preparing an overview of the history of the war.

His first marriage was to Louise Gaucher († July 9, 1765). With her he had a daughter, Antoinette Louise Claire (born March 15, 1759). In his second marriage, he was married to Catherine-Julie d'Arot, the last Comtesse de Secondigny, from 1766. The marriage remained childless. The couple lived in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés district in Paris . The Marquis d'Hérouville owned property number 19 on Avenue du Maine.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ricouart d'Hérouville Antoine ( Memento of April 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). In: Claye-Souilly découverte: Histoire Généalogie Patrimoine Environnement. October 7, 2008.
  2. ^ Philippe Antoine Merlin: Répertoire universel et raisonné de jurisprudence. Volume 11. 5th edition. J.-P. Roret, Paris 1827, p. 208 ( digitized on Gallica ).
  3. Didier Daniel: La bataille du charbon en pays d'Ancenis. L'histoire des mines nantaises (XVIII e –XX e siècles). Cheminements, Coudray-Macouard 2003, ISBN 978-2-914474-96-2 , p. 47 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
  4. La dernière comtesse de Secondigny. In: Secondigny website, Bourg de la Gâtine Poitevine.
  5. Avenue du Maine. N ° 19. In: Félix, marquis de Rochegude: Promenades dans toutes les rues de Paris par Arrondissement. XV e arrondissement. Hachette, Paris 1910, p. 46.


  • Didier Daniel: La bataille du charbon en pays d'Ancenis. L'histoire des mines nantaises (XVIII e –XX e siècles). Cheminements, Coudray-Macouard 2003, ISBN 978-2-914474-96-2 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  • Patrick Clarke de Dromantin: Les réfugiés jacobites dans la France du XVIII e siècle. Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, Bordeaux 2005 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  • Jean Dhombres (ed.): L'exemple des mines. In: La Bretagne des savants et des ingénieurs. 1750-1825. Ouest-France, Rennes 1991, ISBN 978-2-7373-0871-0 , pp. 144–157 ( limited preview in Google book search), new edition: 1999 ( limited preview in Google book search).