Δημοτική Ενότητα Αρτέμιδος
|Regional District :||Eaststatica|
|Geographic coordinates :|
|Height above d. M .:||0–204 m
coastline - highest point
|Area :||18.653 km²|
|Residents :||21,488 (2011)|
|Population density :||1,152 inhabitants / km²|
|Code No .:||491202|
|Located in the municipality of Spata-Artemida and in the Ostattika regional district|
Artemida ( Greek Αρτέμιδα , Artemis ', also Artemi Άρτεμη or Artemis Άρτεμις) is a small town in the Greek region of Attica . Occasionally the old name Loutsa , which was official until 1977 ( Greek Λούτσα ), is also used. The Arvanitic name Loutsa means 'humid' and shows that the area used to be mostly swamp.
Artemida was an independent municipality until 2010. On January 1, 2011 it was merged with the neighboring municipality of Spata to form the municipality of Spata-Artemida , where it has since formed a municipality.
Artemida is located on the Petali Gulf and is 25 km from Athens . Rafina connects to the north of the municipality and Porto Rafti to the south . To the west is Athens-Eleftherios Venizelos Airport and the municipality of Spata . Artemida is divided into 15 districts. These are among others:
- Artemida (center)
- Agia Kiriaki (540 inhabitants)
- Agios Serafim (220 inhabitants)
- Velanidia (237 inhabitants)
- Neapoli (461 inhabitants)
- Vravrona (44 inhabitants)
- Poria (66 inhabitants).
In ancient times Artemida was called Halai Araphenides ( Alai Araphenides ) and, like Araphen (today's Rafina ), was assigned to the Phyle Aigeis as an administrative unit of the coastal trittys . The name Halai suggests ancient salt production. Orestes is said to have landed in Halai Araphenides after he fled the land of the Taurians with Iphigenia and Pylades . He built a temple for the Tauride Artemis ( Artemis Tauropolos ) and donated the wooden statue of the gods that he carried with him. Instead of human sacrifices as allegedly made by the Taurer Artemis, the custom established here, according to Euripides , of sacrificing human blood by cutting a man with the sword.
The foundation walls still visible today on the coast of Artemida come from a peripheral temple from the 4th century BC. Of the Artemis sanctuary. It had a size of 12 m by 19 m with 6 × 13 columns.
- Results of the 2011 census at the National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ) ( Memento from June 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (Excel document, 2.6 MB)
- Erwin Freund: Halai Araphenides. In: Siegfried Lauffer (Hrsg.): Greece, Lexicon of historical sites. CH Beck, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-406-33302-8 , p. 253 f.
- Euripides, Iphigenia among the Taurians .