Ungnad studied Assyriology with Heinrich Zimmer and Friedrich Delitzsch and received his doctorate in Berlin in 1903 with a thesis on the syntax of Hammurapi's laws. He then continued his work as an assistant at the Near Eastern Department of the Royal Museums in Berlin. In 1909 he accepted an appointment as associate professor for oriental languages at the University of Jena and, as the successor to Karl Vollers, was also director of the Oriental Coin Cabinet in Jena . In 1913 he became a full professor at the University of Pennsylvania . In 1919 Ungnad was appointed full professor at the University of Greifswald and in 1921 at the University of Breslau . In 1930 he retired.
His main interest was the Assyrians and Babylonians , especially their religious texts. He was one of the editors of the collection of ancient Near Eastern texts and images on the Old Testament (together with Erich Ebeling , Hugo Gressmann and Hermann Ranke ). He transmitted the Gilgamesh epic and edited a text edition of the Elephantine papyri . Since 1900 he developed his Pan-Subaraic theory, according to which Subaraeans were not only the founders of the Assyrian Empire , but had lived in the entire area between Anatolia and Egypt.
- Babylonian-Assyrian grammar . Beck, Munich 1906; 2nd edition (= Clavis linguarum semiticarum . P. 2) 1926; since the 3rd edition in 1949 as Akkadian grammar ; 6th edition, completely revised by Lubor Matouš , 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-02890-8 .
- The interpretation of the future among the Babylonians and Assyrians (= The Old Orient. Vol. 10.3). Hinrichs, Leipzig 1909.
- Aramaic papyrus from Elephantine. Small edition based on Eduard Sachau ’s first edition, edited by Arthur Ungnad. Hinrichs, Leipzig 1911.
- The Gilgamesh Epic . Newly translated by Arthur Ungnad and explained for everyone by Hugo Gressmann . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1911.
- Hebrew grammar . Mohr, Tübingen 1912.
- Syriac grammar (= Clavis linguarum semiticarum. P. 7). Beck, Munich 1913, 2nd, improved edition 1932; numerous reprints.
- The religion of the Assyrians and Babylonians (= religious voices of the peoples . Volume 3). Diederichs, Jena 1921.
- The oldest migrations in the Middle East. A contribution to the history and culture of the Semites, Aryans, Hittites and Subaraeans (= cultural issues. Volume 1). Self-published, Breslau 1923.
- Babylonian-Assyrian cuneiform reading book (= Clavis linguarum semiticarum. P. 8). Beck, Munich 1927.
- Subartu . Contributions to the cultural history and ethnology of the Near East. De Gruyter, Berlin / Leipzig 1936.
- Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar . Vol. 4 (1931).
- Ernst Friedrich Weidner : Arthur Ungnad. In: Archive for Orient Research . Vol. 15 (1945-1951), p. 175 f. ( JSTOR 41635714 ).
- Anke Weschenfelder : Ungnad, Arthur (Franz Eduard). In: German Literature Lexicon . 3. Edition. Vol. 24 (2004), Col. 565 f.
- German Biographical Encyclopedia . 2nd edition. Vol. 10 (2008), p. 189.
|SURNAME||Out of favor, Arthur|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ungnad, Arthur Franz Eduard (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German Semitist and ancient orientalist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 3, 1879|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Magdeburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 26, 1947|
|Place of death||Falkensee|