Buschmann was born in the Wesel district of Fusternberg and was the son of a brush-binder and brush-maker journeyman. Already in his childhood he proved to be a talented painter. After finishing school he began an apprenticeship at a printing company, which he broke off. As a soldier he took part in the First World War, was seriously wounded by poison gas and in 1916 released from military service after a long hospital stay. He was then trained as a technical draftsman at the administration of the Rees district in Wesel and remained in this profession permanently. At the same time he acquired a reputation as an artist, had several sponsors and clients and between 1919 and 1924 briefly attended two art academies in Karlsruhe and in Breslau . In the 1920s he established himself in the Düsseldorf art scene. Around 1930 he lived again in Wesel and became a freelance artist, making painting his main occupation. Together with his wife, who is also active as an artist, he co-founded an association of local artists.
From 1940 he lived and worked with his family in Vienna for some time . In 1943 he was drafted into the guards of a prisoner of war camp. In the final phase of the Second World War , his studio on Johannisstrasse in Wesel was destroyed and a large part of his inventory was destroyed.
In the summer of 1946, Buschmann and his family moved into the Isselmannshof mansion in Lackhausen, on the outskirts of Wesel . In the first post-war years, his works were increasingly exhibited nationwide and in 1951 he was awarded the Cornelius Prize of the city of Düsseldorf. In the 1950s he received a large number of commissions from public authorities and was offered a professorship at the Düsseldorf Art Academy , but declined this for private reasons. In addition to his work as an artist, he worked in various artistic and cultural associations in Wesel. In the 1960s he also joined the Niederrheinischer Künstlerbund in Kleve and organized an annual exhibition in this city. In 1971 he died of a heart attack in his Wesel studio. A street in Wesel-Fusternberg was named Artur-Buschmann-Stege in his honor.
Artur Buschmann was assigned to expressive realism by Rainer Zimmermann . Hans Georg Fellmann described him in an article published in 1946 in the weekly newspaper Die Zeit as "representative of a happy mixture of intellectual depth and beautiful colors and shapes". He usually worked with real motifs and exaggerated their elements in many works. However, he did not pursue abstract forms of painting. In addition to painting, the trained technical draftsman also made graphics .
- November 12, 1971 - Artur Buschmann died in his studio (wesel.de)
- Niederrhein: Full of color and full of life ( memento of the original from October 6, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (rp-online.de)
- Streets in Wesel - Letter A (wesel.de)
- Art in Hamburg (zeit.de)
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter of realism|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 1, 1895|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wesel|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 12, 1971|
|Place of death||Wesel|