Auguste Arthur de la Rive

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Auguste Arthur de la Rive

Auguste Arthur de la Rive (born October 9, 1801 in Geneva , †  November 27, 1873 in Marseille ) was a Swiss physicist .


His father was Charles-Gaspard de la Rive .

De la Rive became a professor at the Geneva Academy in 1823 . His experimental investigations related to electricity and magnetism . He made important contributions to electrolysis and showed that the polarity of the metal plates in the electrolysis depends on the solution. With his invention of gilding silver and copper in electroplating baths , he laid the foundation for the further development of electroplating . In 1841 he received a price of 3000 francs from the French Academy of Sciences for his invention. He also provided studies on problems in thermodynamics and wave optics . With François Marcet , he studied the specific heat capacity of gases and made observations to determine the temperature of the earth's crust. He made studies on the theory of the voltaic cell and the electrical discharge in dilute gases, which led him to a theory on the aurora borealis .

On August 18, 1826, he married the writer Jeanne-Mathilde Duppa (* March 14, 1808, † August 18, 1850). In 1834 their son Lucien de la Rive was born in Choulex .

De La Rive edited the Bibliothèque universelle de Genève between 1836 and 1841 , the Archives de l'électricité from 1841 to 1845 , and the Archives des sciences physiques et naturelles from 1846 to 1850 . He also wrote Traité d'électricité théorique et appliquées (3 volumes. Paris 1854-1858).

When the French annexed Savoy and Nice in 1860, the Geneva population feared French aggression. He obtained a declaration from the British government to the French that an attack on Geneva was a casus belli .

In 1830 he became a corresponding member and in 1864 associé étranger of the Académie des sciences . In 1835 he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . In 1858 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . In 1859 he became a foreign member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1862 he and Marc Thury founded the Société pour la construction d'instruments de physique (SIP) for the manufacture of scientific instruments in Geneva . In 1868 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences . In the same year he was elected a foreign member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . Oxford University wanted to give him an honorary doctorate in 1873. On the way there he suddenly died near Marseille.

Web links

Wikisource: Auguste Arthur de la Rive  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Charles P. Enz: De la Rive, Lucien. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  2. De la Rive, Auguste Arthur . In: Encyclopædia Britannica . 11th edition. tape 7 : Constantine Pavlovich - Demidov . London 1910, p. 944 (English, full text [ Wikisource ]).
  3. ^ List of members since 1666: Letter L. Académie des sciences, accessed on January 8, 2020 (French).
  4. ^ Members of the previous academies. Auguste Arthur de la Rive. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on April 22, 2015 .
  5. Member entry of Auguste Arthur de la Rive at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on June 18, 2016.
  6. ^ Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. (PDF file) Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed April 2, 2020 .
  7. Member entry by Prof. Dr. Auguste de la Rive (with picture) at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , accessed on June 23, 2016.
  8. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 143.