period of service
The mayor Abendroth was built in 1908/1909 as a station ship Eider at the Eider shipyard in Tönning under construction number 89 and was subject to the Royal Hydraulic Engineering Inspectorate in Tönning. The production costs amounted to 300,000 marks. The steel ship rigged as a schooner without its own machine drive was used in 1909 as a lightship on a position on the inner Outer Eider .
During the First World War it was used as a war lightship in the North Sea , and since 1919 it has been in the Eider position again. In 1927 it was named Mayor Abendroth , named after Amandus Augustus Abendroth , and served as a reserve light ship for positions Elbe 2, 3 and 4. Later it was subordinate to the Cuxhaven Waterways and Shipping Authority . During the Second World War it was used as an observation vehicle for the Kriegsmarine in the Baltic Sea .
It was in service as a beacon and pilot station in position ELBE 3 until 1966. Elbe 3 was a lightship position northwest of Cuxhaven and northeast of the island of Neuwerk in one of the main shipping lanes of the German Bight . The successor to the position was the lightship Weser until 1977 .
As a sailing ship , the Elbe 3 could also be maneuvered using storm sails if necessary. There has been a beacon initially from kerosene lamps, 1930 were diesel - generator and batteries installed for electrical lighting. This also made it possible to replace the manually operated foghorns .
The steel deck has a recently renewed Oregon Pine deck covering .
The ship had a dovecote on board for communication with the mainland. Until the beginning of the First World War, new carrier pigeons were brought on board when the crew was exchanged .
The mayor Abendroth has been in the port of the German Maritime Museum in Bremerhaven since 1967 . As part of the entire German Maritime Museum , the ship has been a listed building since 2005 and has been restored.
The former station ship Eider is still mostly called "(lightship) Elbe 3" after its last position ( Feuerschiff Elbe 3 : the former lightship Weser .). There is another lightship known under the name
Other ships with the name of mayor Abendroth
The original mayor Abendroth was also a lightship that was built in 1899 by the H. Brandenburg shipyard in Hamburg-Steinwärder. It was on the Elbe 3 and Elbe 5 stations until 1914. From 1918 it served as a war lightship for the Imperial Navy in Irbenstrasse . It stranded off Windau on November 22, 1918 and was used as the Latvian lightship Ovisi after the salvage . After the attack on the Soviet Union, it sank in front of Stolpmünde after a fire on December 26th, 1944 .
- Dirk J. Peters: 100 years of the lightship 'Mayor Abendroth' ex 'Eider'. In: Deutsche Schiffahrt , 31 (2009) 1, pp. 6-8.
- Erich Gröner : The German warships 1815-1945. Vol. 5 Auxiliary Ships II: Hospital Ships, Residential Ships, Training Ships, Research Vehicles, Port Service Vehicles (I). Bernard & Graefe, Koblenz 1988, ISBN 3-7637-4804-0 , pp. 238-241
- ELBE 3. (No longer available online.) Deutsches Schifffahrtsmuseum, archived from the original on January 20, 2018 ; accessed on January 1, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Lightship "Elbe 3" celebrates its 100th birthday. (No longer available online.) City of Bremerhaven, archived from the original on January 1, 2016 ; accessed on January 1, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Monument database of the LfD
- List of the former German lightship stations. (No longer available online.) Feuerschiff Elbe 1 eV, archived from the original on November 25, 2018 ; Retrieved January 3, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.