|Oblast :||Chernivtsi Oblast|
|Rajon :||Storozhynets district|
|Height :||438 m|
|Area :||Information is missing|
|Residents :||4,012 (2007)|
|Area code :||+380 3730|
|Geographic location :|
|Administrative structure :||1 village|
Banyliw-Pidhirnyj ( Ukrainian Банилів-Підгірний ; German Moldavian Banilla , Romanian Bănila pe Siret ) is a village in Storozhynets district in Chernivtsi Oblast , Ukraine , west of the district capital Storozhynets , with about 4,000 inhabitants.
The place Moldavian Banilla has been part of the historical region of Bukovina , in the Principality of Moldova , since its foundation . On August 17th, 1428 Prince Alexandru cel Bun notarized the possession of the village to a certain Stanciul. In May 1555, Prince Alexandru Lăpuşneanu confirmed ownership to the descendants of Ioan Banilovschi. After that, Bănila often changed hands.
Due to the neutral stance during the military conflict between Russia and Turkey (1768–1774), the Habsburg Empire received this part of Moldovan territory in January 1775 in the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca . After the annexation of Bukovina, Banilla became part of the later Duchy of Bukovina in the Storozynetz district.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Wassilko family acquired more and more shares in the village and the surrounding area. In 1914 the village was largely owned by Count Georg Wassilko von Serecki . Emil Adelsberg, Simon Goldhirsch, Michael Ritter von Grekul, Valentin Lukasiewicz and Eudoxius Ursachi had further ownership claims there.
After the union of Bukovina with Romania on November 27, 1918, the municipality was administratively assigned to the Flondoreni district in the Storojineț district . At that time the majority of the population was Romanian. The village had a certain industrial importance in the district. There was a butter and furniture factory here. In the inter-war period the cultural association "Frăția" (brotherhood) was founded in the village. The House for Social Insurance (Casa Asigurărilor Sociale), based in Chernivtsi, also offered medical services in the community.
In the course of the annexation of North Bukovina made possible by the Hitler-Stalin Pact on June 28, 1940, the place became part of the Soviet Union (between 1941-1944 again Romanian), then from 1945 under the administration of the Ukrainian SSR and has been a since 1991 Part of Ukraine.
Until 1945 the population consisted mainly of Romanians, Jews , Ruthenians and Gypsies also lived there . According to data from the State Archives of the Chernivtsi Region in 1894, Romanian was taught in twelve of the 15 primary schools there, including the only one in Banilla. In the 1930 census, the place had 6,840 inhabitants.
After the deportation, expulsion and murder of Gypsies and Jews first by the Antonescure regime between 1941 and 1944, and then large parts of the Romanian-speaking population by the Russians after 1945, the number of inhabitants fell drastically. The population recovered only slowly as Ukrainians were resettled locally. Nevertheless, after the 1989 census, the population was only 3711 again.
- Erich Prokopowitsch: The nobility in the Bukowina , Südostdeutscher Verlag, Munich, 1983, p. 144
- Crai Nou, 14 March 2007 - O contribuție valoroasă la istoria Bucovinei . Extras din lucrarea dr. Constantin Ungureanu - Învățământul primar din Bucovina (1774-1818) (Ed. “Civitas”, Chișinău, 2007).
- Radu Ioanid: "'Holocaustul din România - Distrugerea evreilor și țiganilor sub regimul Antonescu 1940-1944", Verlag Hasefer, București 2006
- Dr. Ion Popescu - Cap. II. Populația românofonă din Regiunea Cernăuți la sfârșitul perioadei sovietice (Nordul Bucovinei, nordul Basarabiei și Ținutul Herței) ( Memento from January 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive )