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BAYERNOIL Raffineriegesellschaft mbH

legal form GmbH
founding January 1, 1998
Seat Vohburg , GermanyGermanyGermany 
management Karl Strummer, Michael Raue
Number of employees 823
sales EUR 2.847 billion
Branch Petroleum industry
As of December 31, 2016

Refinery Vohburg 48 ° 45 '46 "  N , 11 ° 35' 38"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 45 '46 "  N , 11 ° 35' 38"  E
Neustadt Donau refinery 48 ° 47 ′ 12.5 ″  N , 11 ° 45 ′ 3.6 ″  E

The Bayernoil refinery mbH based in vohburg , Pfaffenhofen district , Upper Bavaria is on 1 January 1998 by the merger of the refining company Vohburg-Ingolstadt mbH (RVI) with locations in Vohburg and Ingolstadt and Erdölfraffinerie Neustadt GmbH (ERN) with location originated in Neustadt an der Donau.


In 1961, Südpetrol AG für Erdölwirtschaft in Munich and ANIC (subsidiary of ENI ) founded the Ingolstadt AG (ERIAG) oil refinery together with a consortium of Bayerische Hypotheken- und Wechsel-Bank , Bayerische Staatsbank and Deutsche Außenhandelsbank Schacht und Co. to build and operate an oil refinery at the Auwaldsee in Ingolstadt . It went into operation in 1965. At the beginning, Südpetrol held 50%, ANIC 25% and the banking consortium 25% of the shares. From 1979 50% of the shares belonged to the ENI subsidiary Agip Deutschland GmbH and 50% to Deutsche BP AG .

In 1963, Deutsche BP began planning its Bavaria refinery in Vohburg , which went into operation in 1967.

In 1962, Gelsenberg Petrol AG and Mobil Oil Deutschland founded Erdölraffinerie Neustadt GmbH (ERN) in Neustadt an der Donau in order to build an oil refinery on the municipal area of ​​Neustadt and the then still independent walls .

Due to the difficult economic situation, ERIAG and BP Vohburg began to work in 1985 with their two locations under the name Südverbund , for which purpose connecting pipelines were laid. In Ingolstadt mainly petrol was produced, in Vohburg the focus was on diesel and heating oil. This technical network led to the complete merger of the two companies in 1989 with the establishment of the Raffineriegesellschaft Vohburg-Ingolstadt GmbH (RVI) based in Vohburg. Deutsche BP AG held 62.5% of the shares in RVI and Agip Deutschland GmbH 37.5%.

On January 1, 1998, RVI and ERN merged to form Bayernoil Raffineriegesellschaft mbH . The refinery in Neustadt was integrated into the technical network through additional pipelines.

In 2000, BP took over the stake in Mobil Oil.

Due to legal requirements for the quality of fuels (lowering the sulfur content, reducing the aromatic content, etc.) far-reaching technical innovations were necessary. In order to be able to meet the increased demand for diesel and aviation fuel, the Vohburg and Neustadt parts of the company were fundamentally renewed during a 5-year planning and construction phase and an investment volume of 600 million euros as part of the “ISAR” project. The far-reaching modernization measures went under the name ISAR (Initiative for Site Protection, Plant Optimization and Profitability Increase) and cost around 600 million euros at an estimated 330 million euros. ISAR started in 2004 and was completed in 2008. In this context, the Ingolstadt refinery was shut down on August 18, 2008, after it became clear that all three locations in Ingolstadt, Vohburg and Neustadt could no longer be maintained in the future. It was subsequently dismantled and the site was given a new use as a sports park and commercial area. The Ingolstadt site was sold for a symbolic euro, and the partial renovation of the contaminated site should be completed in 2020.

In 2003 OMV took over 45% of BP and sold this stake to Varo Energy in 2014 .


proportion of Shareholders
45.0% Varo Energy GmbH (Switzerland)
25.0% Rosneft Deutschland GmbH (Russia)
20.0% Eni Germany GmbH (Italy)
10.0% BP Europa SE (Great Britain)

Due to the dissolution of Ruhr Oel in 2015, its share was taken over by the Russian Rosneft .


The operating parts at the Vohburg and Neustadt locations - about 13 km spatially apart - act like a single oil refinery , which is made possible by a total of 11 pipelines . They are mainly supplied by the 759 km long "Transalpine Oelleitung (TAL)" , which leads from Trieste via Ingolstadt to Karlsruhe . 724 employees work in the company (as of 2013).


The company processes around 10 million tons of crude oil annually and pays the tax authorities € 2.6 billion in mineral oil tax . It produces the following products for its shareholders: propane , butane , gasoline , kerosene (Jet A1), diesel , heating oils (EL and S), " solid fuel " (a special high-viscosity heavy oil for the Ingolstadt power plant ), bitumen and sulfur . The company covers around two thirds of Bavaria's demand for mineral oil products. The crude oil is delivered exclusively through the Transalpine Oil Pipeline (TAL) from the Trieste oil port.

Environmental problems and incidents

The remediation of contaminated sites on the Ingolstadt site is one of the largest redevelopment projects in Germany. 600,000 tons of earth have to be cleaned here. In the ground are u. a. 900 tons of heavy oil, 200 tons of light petrol and toxic perfluorinated and polyfluorinated chemicals ( PFC ) from the extinguishing foam of the former company fire brigade.

In the refinery in Vohburg there was an explosion on September 1, 2018 at around 5:05 a.m. and a subsequent large fire. 16 people were injured in the detonation in the production facility and the subsequent fire. There was a disaster alert. The houses of 1,800 residents were evacuated as a precaution, but they were able to return to their apartments in the morning.

Web links

Commons : Bayernoil  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Imprint
  2. a b Annual financial statements for the financial year from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016, in the electronic Federal Gazette
  3. Peter Wöllauer, 50 years of crude oil processing in the heart of Bavaria, the refineries of Bayernoil 1964 to 2014, published by Bayernoil
  4. OMV separates from Bayernoil. Handelsblatt, December 19, 2013, accessed on February 21, 2014 .
  5. ^ Off for Ruhr Oel: BP and Rosneft go their separate ways in Germany. In: Process . January 19, 2016, accessed June 7, 2016 .
  6. ^ Official introduction brochure of the city of Neustadt, page 18, publisher 2010
  7. Homepage Kraftwerk Ingolstadt  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  8. "We don't just scrub over it" , Süddeutsche Zeitung, August 4, 2018.
  9. ^ Explosion at Bayernoil in Irsching . In: . ( [accessed September 1, 2018]).
  10. Injured after fire in refinery: surrounding buildings evacuated, September 1, 2018