Benno Ottow

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Benno Ottow , (since about 1900) actually Benno Richard Otto (born May 2 . Jul / 14. May  1884 greg. In Kertel on Dagö ; † 29. May 1975 in Stockholm ) was a Baltic German gynecologist and obstetrician , who after the Second world war in Sweden worked and lived.


Benno Ottow was born in Kertel on the island of Dagö, where his father Richard (August Eduard) Ottow (1851–1931) was a doctor in a cloth factory from 1881 to 1885. In 1885 the family moved to Dorpat . His brother was the publicist and writer Fred Ottow (1886–1969).

After attending the Zeddelmann private educational institution and the Dorpat grammar school , Ottow studied medicine at the universities of Dorpat and Rostock . In 1912 he was promoted to Dr. med. PhD.

This was followed by specialist training, which Ottow completed in Dorpat, Berlin , Dresden and Kiel , among others . In 1914 he worked as a gynecologist in Simferopol in the Crimea . This was followed by the drafting into the army service, where he was ordinator of a reserve hospital and doctor of a field artillery division. During the Estonian War of Liberation , he was the chief doctor of the surgical department of the 1st Division's dressing station.

In 1918 Ottow stayed as an assistant at the University Women's Clinic in Kiel. From 1920 to 1925 Ottow practiced as a specialist in gynecology and obstetrics in Dorpat. In the meantime, he completed his habilitation in 1924. Ottow was now also active as a private lecturer at the University of Dorpat, from 1928 at the Humboldt University in Berlin . In 1931 he was appointed associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology. Further functions were added in the following years. From 1933 onwards, Ottow was the head physician of the gynecological and obstetrical department of the Berlin-Spandau municipal hospital as well as director of the Brandenburg State Women's Clinic and Midwifery School in Berlin-Neukölln, and from 1934 State Medical Councilor for the Province of Brandenburg. Ottow was also a medical member of the Hereditary Health Higher Court for Berlin. He held all functions until the end of the war.

After the Second World War, Ottow went to Sweden with his family, where he was a research assistant at the Natural History Museum in Stockholm from 1948 to 1959 .

Benno Ottow has published over 100 publications on the subjects of gynecology, obstetrics, urology, the history of medicine, comparative anatomy and zoology.

Ottow was married twice. First marriage to Helene Ulmann, who died around 1913. His second wife was Elisabeth von Mühlendahl. Their first marriage resulted in their son Johann (Hans) Christoph, born in 1913, who later worked as a laboratory doctor in Stockholm. Otto's second marriage resulted in his daughter Nelly, born in 1921, who became an ophthalmologist in Halmstad .

Individual evidence

  1. See the entry of Benno Ottow's matriculation in the Rostock matriculation portal


  • The Zeddelmannsche Privat-Lehranstalt [...] 1875–1900: Teacher and student album. Edited by Rudolf von Zeddelmann. Jurjew (Dorpat), p. 165 digitized
  • Isidorus Brennsohn: The doctors of Estonia from the beginning of historical time to the present: A biographical encyclopedia together with a historical introduction to the medical system in Estonia, Berlin et al. 1922, p. 166/167 digitized
  • German gynecologist calendar: biographical-bibliographical directory of German gynecologists / published by W. Stoeckel, edited by Friedrich Michelsson. Leipzig 1928, pp. 334/335
  • Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar 1931 / published by Gerhard Lüdtke, 4th edition, Berlin et al. 1931, p. 336
  • Biographical lexicon of the outstanding doctors of the last fifty years: at the same time: Continuation of the outstanding doctors of all times and peoples / edited and edited by I. Fischer, Volume 2, Berlin et al. 1933, p. 337
  • The German Leader Lexicon: 1934/1935, Berlin 1934, p. 338
  • German gynecologist directory: scientific career and scientific work of German gynecologists / published by Walter Stoeckel, edited by Friedrich Michelsson, 2nd edition of the German gynecologist calendar, Leipzig 1939, p. 339/340
  • Wilhelm Lenz: Album Livonorum. Lübeck 1972 (addendum: Urfeld 1991), p. 168
  • Walther Killy and Rudolf Vierhaus (eds.): Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie, Volume 7, Munich et al. 1998, p. 30