Carl Herloßsohn (actually Borromeo Sebastian Georg Carl Reginald Herloß ; born September 1, 1804 on the Lesser Town in Prague , † December 10, 1849 in Leipzig ) was a German writer, journalist and encyclopaedist .
Born as the son of a tailor from a poor background, Herloßsohn attended the Lesser Town grammar school from 1813, moved to Prague University in 1820 and went to Vienna in 1821 to find a better livelihood there. Zacharias Werner tried in vain to persuade Herloßsohn to join the Redemptorist order. Herloßsohn returned to Prague in early 1822, continued his legal studies and published his first poetic works in the Dresdner Abend-Zeitung . In November 1823 he became tutor to Johann Prochaska, the official director of the Propsteigut Dejwitz near Prague, and worked temporarily in the Dejwitz judicial office. In November 1825 he moved to Leipzig in order to secure his existence here with literary work. Herloßsohn worked as a translator, worked for Brockhaus'schen Literarisches Conversationsblatt and wrote for various, mainly fiction, papers. In 1826 his first work was published, The Five Hundred From Blanik, and New Year's Eve . In 1830 he founded the magazine Der Komet. An entertainment sheet for the educated reading world , which with its numerous supplements (including newspaper for travel and travelers , 1830–1836; Der Dampfwagen , 1834; Der Luftballon , 1835–1836; Telescop , 1843–1847) has become one of the most influential papers critical of fiction in the pre-march counts. Herloßsohn edited the magazine for nineteen years, which he finally had to give up in the revolutionary year of 1848. Herloßsohn died impoverished in the Jakobshospital in Leipzig on December 10, 1849.
Herloßsohn wrote numerous poems and songs, some of which became very popular in the 19th century. Herloßsohn's When the Swallows Go Home was set to music several times - including by Robert Schumann . He also wrote numerous novels and short stories, including several historical novels from the period of the Thirty Years' War and the Hussite Wars , which were translated into Czech because of their Hussite-friendly tendencies. His satirical, time-critical prose is remarkable. Like Wilhelm Hauff, Herloßsohn parodied Heinrich Clauren by publishing the novel Emmy or man thinks, God directs under his name in 1827 . He also mocked Clauren's plays in 1827 in Der Luftballon or the Hundstage in Schilda . His blotting papers from the diary of a traveling devil (2 vols., 1827/28) or the almanac Mephistopheles published with Johann Peter Lyser caused a stir . A political-satyrical paperback from 1833 .
From 1834 to 1838, Karl Herloßsohn edited the women's conversations lexicon (10 volumes) together with the publisher von der Lühe . He was able to get Robert Schumann to work on the musical articles . From 1839 to 1842, together with Hermann Marggraff and Robert Blum, he published a general theater lexicon or encyclopedia of everything worth knowing for stage performers, amateurs and theater fans with the help of Germany's most knowledgeable writers in seven volumes.
In Leipzig, a street is named after Herloßsohn and leads from the Gohlis-Süd district to the Leipzig Rosental . The small bridge that crosses the Parthe here is called Herloßsohnsteg.
- Four colors, that is: the German playing cards in their symbolic meaning described and explained by Susanna Rümpler, card bat . Leipzig, 1828.
- Rooster and hen. Love story of two animals . Leipzig, 1830.
- Comet rays. A collection of short stories, serious and humorous essays . 2 vols. Leipzig, 1833 a. 1847.
- Time and images of life. Novellas, humoresques, ironies and reflections . 6 vols. Leipzig, 1839–1843
- Hikes through the Giant Mountains and the County of Glatz . Leipzig, 1840. (= The picturesque and romantic Germany. 9th section.)
- Bohemia from 1414 to 1426. Historical-romantic painting in 2 sections . 4 vols. Leipzig, 1841 (later title: The Hussites or Bohemians from 1414 to 1426 )
- Book of love . [Poems.] Leipzig, 1842.
- Rides and adventures of the magister Gaudelius Enzian. Funny novel . 2 vols. Leipzig, 1842.
- Wallenstein's first love . 3 vol., Hanover, 1844.
- Piccolomini's daughter . 3 vols. Altenburg, 1846.
- Arabella or secrets of a court theater . 2 vols. Leipzig, 1846.
- The murderers of Wallenstein . 3 vols. Leipzig, 1847.
- Book of songs . Leipzig, 1848.
- Historical novels. First complete edition . 8 departments with 2 volumes each. Prague, 1863-1865.
- Collected Writings. First complete edition . 12 vols. Prague, 1865–1868.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Herloßsohn, Georg Karl Reginald . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 8th part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1862, pp. 370–377 ( digitized version ).
- Ernst Kelchner : Herloßsohn, Georg Karl Reginald . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, pp. 118-120.
- Jan Patrick Müller: Literature market, writing and publishing in Karl Herloßsohn's prose work (1802–1849). Bielefeld: Aisthesis Verl. 2015. (Forum Vormärz Research. Vormärz Studies. XXXVII.) ISBN 978-3-8498-1085-6
- Literature by and about Carl Herloßsohn in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Carl Herloßsohn in the German Digital Library
- Works by Carl Herloßsohn in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Carl Herloßsohn in the Internet Archive
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Herloß, Borromäus Sebastian Georg Carl Reginald (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German writer and encyclopaedist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 1, 1804|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Prague|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 10, 1849|
|Place of death||Leipzig|