Carlo Farina

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Carlo Farina (* around 1600 in Mantua ; † 1639 in Vienna ) was an Italian violinist , composer and conductor .


Farina probably received his first training from his father, who worked as a "sonatore di viola" at the court of the Gonzagas in Mantua . There he probably received further lessons from the violinists Salamone Rossi and Giovanni Battista Buonamente . From 1626 to 1629 he was concertmaster in Dresden for three years . There he worked with Heinrich Schütz , who gave him compositional impulses. Farina referred to himself in 1626 as " Sonatore di Violino dell'Serenissimo Elettore di Sassonia " ( Johann Georg I of Saxony ). From 1629 to 1631 he was an outstanding member of the electoral court orchestra in Bonn until he returned to Italy and worked in Parma until 1635 and later in Lucca . In 1635 he had a job at the court of the Prince of Massa . Between 1636 and 1637 his appointment by the Gdańsk City Council became known. From 1638 worked in Vienna, where he died in the summer of 1639.

Farina was an excellent violin virtuoso and incorporated many effects into his “Capriccio Stravagante”, such as cat howling, barking dogs, cock crow, chicken cackling, soldier's drum and mercenary flute as well as the Spanish guitar. Farina gives precise instructions on how to do this, e.g. B .:

" As far as the cat's cry is concerned, it is made as follows: with a finger one pulls some notes to oneself, since the notes are standing, sometimes because the upper semifuses (1/16 notes) have been written, one must soon advance with the bow, soon behind the footbridge up to the worst and as fast as one can faren, on the way the cats end up after they have been bitten and now pull away. "


Between 1626 and 1628 he published 5 volumes in Dresden with Pavanen, Gagliarde, Brandi, Mascheraden, Canzone and sonatas on 2, 3, 4 instruments and bass. The works often have names that are both title and program. Polish dance rhythms appear in the Sonata La Polacca and Hungarian elements are used in the Sonata La Cingara .

  • Libro delle pavane, gagliarde, brand: mascharata, aria franzesa, volte, balletti, sonata, canzone, a 2–4, bc (1626)
  • Ander Theil newer Paduanen, Gagliarden, Couranten, French arias , a 4 and Bc (1627)
  • Il terzo libro delle pavane, gagliarde, brand: mascherata, aria franzese, volte, corrente, symphony, a 3–4, bc (1627)
  • Il quarto libro delle pavane, gagliarde, balletti, volte, passamezi, sonata, canzon, a 2–4, bc (1628)
  • Fifth part newer Pavanen, Brand: Mascharades, Ballets, Sonatas, a 2–4, and Bc (1628)
  • 7 short ballets

Some examples of naming the sonatas.

  • The Capriccio Stravagante from the " Other Part ... " from 1627 (with the various imitations mentioned above)
  • La Lira
  • Il Pifferino
  • La Lira Variata
  • La Trombetta
  • La Gallina
  • Il Gallo
  • Il Flautino pian piano
  • Il tremulo
  • Il Pifferino della soldatesca
  • Il Gatto
  • Il Cane
  • La Chitarra Spagniola
  • Sonata detta la Polaca (3 each)
  • Sonata detta la Capriola (3 each)
  • Sonata detta la Moretta (3 each)
  • Sonata detta la Franzosina (à 2)
  • Sonata detta la Farina (à 2)
  • Sonata detta la Greca (3 each)
  • Sonata detta la Cingara (3 each)
  • Sonata detta la Fiama (à 2)
  • Sonata detta la Semplisa (3 each)
  • Sonata detta la Desperata (à 2)


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