Central Province (Papua New Guinea)

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Flag of Central
Country: Papua New Guinea
Waters: Pacific Ocean
Islands: 34 (including New Guinea)
Geographical location: 9 ° 9 ′  S , 147 ° 14 ′  E Coordinates: 9 ° 9 ′  S , 147 ° 14 ′  E
Basic data
Surface: 29,500 km²
Residents: 269,756
Population density: 9 inhabitants / km²
Capital: Port Moresby
Situation map
Salomonen Australien Indonesien Enga Province Jiwaka Province Western Highlands Province Chimbu Province Hela Province Southern Highlands Province Eastern Highlands Province Port Moresby Western Province (Papua-Neuguinea) Sandaun Province East Sepik Province Madang Province Morobe Province Oro Province Central Province (Papua-Neuguinea) Gulf Province (Papua-Neuguinea) Milne Bay Province Bougainville (autonome Region) Manus Province New Ireland Province West New Britain Province East New Britain ProvinceCentral in Papua New Guinea.svg
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Central is a province on the south coast of Papua New Guinea . In national comparison it is very dry and has a low population density. The capital Port Moresby is located on their territory . The province is hardly connected to the rest of Papua New Guinea by road.



32 local languages ​​of Papua New Guinea are spoken in Central . Austronesian languages are spoken in the coastal areas west of Cape Rodney and inland in the districts of Kairuku and Rigo . One of these languages, Motu is the basis for the Central Province before the pidgin language Tok Pisin most widely used lingua franca Hiri Motu .

Forms of settlement

The inland population mostly lives in small, scattered settlements. Larger settlements have established themselves on the coast, originally for defense purposes.


44.8 percent of the students attend church schools.

Geography, climate, vegetation

The province has some high mountains, including a. the Mount Victoria (4036 meters), 352 lakes and 33 islands. The coast is surrounded by coral reefs . Depending on the region, the annual rainfall is between 1147 millimeters (Kwikila) and 3180 millimeters (Woitape).

The vegetation ranges from mangroves on the coast to tropical rainforest and alpine grassland.


The first traces of settlement can be found 26,000 years ago. The population of the western coastal region probably only reached the area in the last 2000 years. There were two traditional "commercial networks" with great sailing canoes: Western Motu exaggerated with their Hiri rides trade with the territory of today's Gulf Province . From the east of the Mailu islanders there was a trade with the Motu and the people of the Milne Bay Province .

The London Missionary Society began the mission in 1873 . The British colonial era began in 1884.

In World War II met here Japanese and Australian troops each other.

Districts and LLGs

The Central Province is divided into four districts. Each district consists of one or more "areas at the local administrative level", Local Level Government (LLG) Areas , which are divided into Rural (rural) or Urban (urban) LLGs.

District Administrative center Designation of the LLG areas
Abau district Abau Amazon Bay Rural
Aroma Rural
Cloudy Bay Rural
Goilala District Tapini Guari Rural
Tapini Rural
Woitape Rural
Kairuku-Hiri District Bereina Hiri Rural
Kairuku Rural
Koiari Rural
Mekeo Kuni Rural
Rigo District Kwikila Rigo Central Rural
Rigo Coastal Rural
Rigo Inland Rural

Economy and Transport

Central has an extensive road network, but is not connected to the rest of the country by roads.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea