Central Province (Papua New Guinea)
|Country:||Papua New Guinea|
|Islands:||34 (including New Guinea)|
|Geographical location:||9 ° 9 ′ S , 147 ° 14 ′ E|
|Population density:||9 inhabitants / km²|
Central is a province on the south coast of Papua New Guinea . In national comparison it is very dry and has a low population density. The capital Port Moresby is located on their territory . The province is hardly connected to the rest of Papua New Guinea by road.
32 local languages of Papua New Guinea are spoken in Central . Austronesian languages are spoken in the coastal areas west of Cape Rodney and inland in the districts of Kairuku and Rigo . One of these languages, Motu is the basis for the Central Province before the pidgin language Tok Pisin most widely used lingua franca Hiri Motu .
Forms of settlement
The inland population mostly lives in small, scattered settlements. Larger settlements have established themselves on the coast, originally for defense purposes.
44.8 percent of the students attend church schools.
Geography, climate, vegetation
The province has some high mountains, including a. the Mount Victoria (4036 meters), 352 lakes and 33 islands. The coast is surrounded by coral reefs . Depending on the region, the annual rainfall is between 1147 millimeters (Kwikila) and 3180 millimeters (Woitape).
The vegetation ranges from mangroves on the coast to tropical rainforest and alpine grassland.
The first traces of settlement can be found 26,000 years ago. The population of the western coastal region probably only reached the area in the last 2000 years. There were two traditional "commercial networks" with great sailing canoes: Western Motu exaggerated with their Hiri rides trade with the territory of today's Gulf Province . From the east of the Mailu islanders there was a trade with the Motu and the people of the Milne Bay Province .
The London Missionary Society began the mission in 1873 . The British colonial era began in 1884.
In World War II met here Japanese and Australian troops each other.
Districts and LLGs
The Central Province is divided into four districts. Each district consists of one or more "areas at the local administrative level", Local Level Government (LLG) Areas , which are divided into Rural (rural) or Urban (urban) LLGs.
|District||Administrative center||Designation of the LLG areas|
|Abau district||Abau||Amazon Bay Rural|
|Cloudy Bay Rural|
|Goilala District||Tapini||Guari Rural|
|Kairuku-Hiri District||Bereina||Hiri Rural|
|Mekeo Kuni Rural|
|Rigo District||Kwikila||Rigo Central Rural|
|Rigo Coastal Rural|
|Rigo Inland Rural|
Economy and Transport
Central has an extensive road network, but is not connected to the rest of the country by roads.