Madang Province

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Flag of Madang
Country: Papua New Guinea
Waters: Pacific Ocean
Islands: 4 larger, numerous small
Geographical location: 5 ° 20 ′  S , 145 ° 20 ′  E Coordinates: 5 ° 20 ′  S , 145 ° 20 ′  E
Basic data
Surface: 29,000 km²
Residents: 493.906
Population density: 17 inhabitants / km²
Capital: Madang
Situation map
Salomonen Australien Indonesien Enga Province Jiwaka Province Western Highlands Province Chimbu Province Hela Province Southern Highlands Province Eastern Highlands Province Port Moresby Western Province (Papua-Neuguinea) Sandaun Province East Sepik Province Madang Province Morobe Province Oro Province Central Province (Papua-Neuguinea) Gulf Province (Papua-Neuguinea) Milne Bay Province Bougainville (autonome Region) Manus Province New Ireland Province West New Britain Province East New Britain ProvinceMadang in Papua New Guinea.svg
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Madang is one of 21 provinces in Papua New Guinea . With 29,000 km² it is almost as big as North Rhine-Westphalia , with only 493,906 inhabitants (NRW: 18 million). The capital of the province is the city of the same name, Madang .


Madang has been considered populated for 15,000 years. The first European arrived in the province in 1861 - a Russian biologist named Nicolai Miklouho-Maclay .

The city of Friedrich-Wilhelm-Hafen , today also called Madang, was founded in 1886 on Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land by the German New Guinea Company. Due to the tropical and humid climate, many of the first residents died of tropical diseases such as malaria . On September 17, 1892, the state administration of the New Guinea company was relocated from Stephansort to Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen under its newly appointed governor Georg Schmiele. Until the economic end of the company in 1899, the town remained the capital of German New Guinea. When the administrative headquarters were relocated from the previous capital, Stephansort , Papuans accompanied the German administrative officials. These locals named Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen after their home island Madang, this name was later adopted. After the New Guinea company was taken over by the German Empire in 1899, the capital was initially relocated to Herbertshöhe on the island of New Pomerania (now New Britain).

In 1904 there was a punitive action in Madang due to a suspected conspiracy and many locals were shot dead. In 1912 a small group of Papuans may have planned a revolt, but it would have been impractical. As a punishment, the Germans relocated entire villages.

Traces of the German colonial era can still be found today. The large, shady trees in Madang were planted by Germans. Tobacco , coconut , cocoa and coffee plantations , which were once planted by the Germans along the north coast and in Astrolabe Bay and Hansa Bay , still exist.

In 1918, Australia took over the German colony as a trust territory - Germany was no longer allowed to own any colonies after the loss of the First World War .

In the Second World War , the province then got into heavy acts of war. The Japanese conquered the province in 1942, and the Allies then bombed the Japanese positions, including the local settlements in their vicinity. There was also hunger and epidemics. The British and Americans retook Madang two years later in 1944.

After the Second World War, more and more agricultural cooperatives were formed . In November 1970 there was an earthquake with 18 dead.

Districts and LLGs

Madang Province is divided into six districts. Each district consists of one or more "areas at the local administrative level", Local Level Government (LLG) Areas , which are divided into Rural (rural) or Urban (urban) LLGs.

District Administrative center Designation of the LLG areas
Bogia district Bogia Almami Rural
Iabu Rural
Yawar Rural
Madang District Madang Ambenob Rural
Madang Urban
Transgogol Rural
Middle Ramu District Simbai Arabaka Rural
Josephstaal Rural
Simbai Rural
Rai Coast District Rai Coast Astrolabe Bay Rural
Naho Rawa Rural
Saidor Rural
Sumkar District Karkar Karkar Rural
Sumgilbar Rural
Usino Bundi District Usino Bundi Rural
Usino Rural


Beach on the Madang coast

Tourists often come to Bogia in Hansa Bay , 200 km northwest of the provincial capital, for the diving opportunities along the north coast , where wrecks of sunken warships and the like. Ä. Are a destination for divers.

There are high active volcanoes on the islands of Manam (83 km²) in Hansa Bay, Karkar (362 km²) and Long Island (414 km²). In the south-west the highway leads to the neighboring province of Morobe and its capital Lae , as well as to the mountains and the city of Goroka .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ National Statistical Office of Papua New Guinea