Christian Gotthilf Hensler

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Christian Gotthilf Hensler (born March 9, 1760 in Preetz , † April 24, 1812 in Halle (Saale) ) was a German Evangelical Lutheran theologian and university professor.


Christian Gotthilf Hensler was the eldest son of Philipp Gabriel Hensler and his wife Christina Lucia, geb. Chandler. He attended the Christianeum in Altona from 1774 to 1777 . He then studied Protestant theology at the University of Göttingen , especially with Johann David Michaelis , as his pupil he made the historical-critical method his own according to what was known at the time. After completing his studies, he accepted the post of court master , as was customary at the time, with the family of Count Reventlow (presumably Cay Friedrich von Reventlow ) in Copenhagen . He received his master's degree from the University of Copenhagen .

In 1784 he became an adjunct in the philosophical faculty at Kiel University . In 1786 he received an extraordinary and in 1789 a full professorship in theology. His field was all biblical science ( Old Testament and New Testament ). He was mainly considered a good expert on the Old Testament and published a number of translations and explanations of Old and New Testament books. In 1792 he received his doctorate in theology.

In 1808 he was alternating member of the examination colleges for the theological exam in the duchies of the governments of Gottorf (for Schleswig ) and Glückstadt (for Holstein ).

After he had sided with his rationalist colleague Heinrich Müller in 1805 in the dispute over the resignation of his rationalist colleague Heinrich Müller, which was forced by the curator Fritz Graf Reventlow , with a pseudonym Theophilus Irenäus , he resigned in 1809. He moved first to Altenburg and then to Halle, where he stayed until the end of his life.

Christian Gotthilf Hensler was married twice, first to Charlotte, b. von Halem , second marriage to Christine Jacobine, b. Thomsen. His daughter Margarethe became the second wife of Barthold Georg Niebuhr .

Various entries in the register of the family have come down to us from Hensler , for example in the registers of Christian Hieronymus Esmarch and Friedrich von Matthison . His own register from his time in Göttingen with 120 entries is now in the collection of the German Historical Museum .


  • Codicum Novi Testamenti graecorum qui Havniae in Bibliotheca regia adservantur notitia, adjecta lectionis varietate, auctore Christiano Gotthilf Hensler. Specimen primum. Copenhagen: Horrebow 1784
  • Animadversiones In Quaedam Duodecim Prophetarum Minorum Loca Proponit Scholasque Suas Per Aestivum Studiorum Curriculum In Academia Kiloniensi. [Sl], 1786
  • Isaiah. Hamburg: Bohn 1788
  • Collection of some sermons by the late Georg Ludewig Ahlemann, Königl. Danish consistorial councilors, church provosts and chief pastors at Altona. Altona: Eckstorff 1788
Digital copy , Hamburg State and University Library
  • Notes on passages in the Psalms and in Genesis. Hamburg: Bohn 1791
Digitized , University and State Library Saxony-Anhalt
  • Explanations of the 1st book of Samuel and the Solomonic sayings. Hamburg: Bohn 1796
  • The letter of the Apostle Jacobus translated and explained for those not familiar with the basic language: With an appendix on the drafting of German translations of the New Testament. Hamburg: Bachmann and Gundermann 1801
  • The truth and divinity of the Christian religion in a nutshell. Hamburg 1803
  • under the pseudonym Theophilus Irenäus : Memories against the answer to an unnamed letter to Count v. Reventlow and against the writing: To the neighbor with Rath, etc. Lübeck: Bohn 1805
  • Notes on passages in Jeremiah's prophecies. Leipzig 1805
  • Paul's letter to the Galatians and the first letter from Peter. Leipzig: Crusius 1805
  • The first letter of the Apostle Peter: translated and commented on. Sulzbach: Seidel 1813


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Association for Hamburg History (ed.): The register of the Christianeum in Altona 1738-1850 . Edited by Bernd Elsner. Contributions to the history of Hamburg, Volume 54. Hamburg 1998; No. 424, p. 98
  2. Jendris Alwast: History of the theological faculty part 1 1665-1865: From its foundation at the Gottorfisch-ducal Christian-Albrechts-University to the end of the national period. BoD - Books on Demand, 2008, p. 124
  3. Adolf. Langguth: Chr. H. Esmarch and the Göttinger Dichterbund. Berlin 1903, p. 71
  4. ^ The family book of Friedrich von Matthissons. [Bonstettiana, special volume.] [Part 2.] Transcription and commentary on the facsimile. Edited, commented and with an afterword by Erichwege, Doris and Peter Walser-Wilhelm and Christine Holliger in collaboration with Bonstettiana, Archive and Edition and the Anhaltische Landesbücherei Dessau. Wallstein-Verlag, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 978-3-8353-0002-6 , p. 141
  5. Entry in the object database, accessed on May 3, 2016