Philipp Gabriel Hensler

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Philipp Gabriel Hensler

Philipp Gabriel Hensler (born December 11, 1733 in Oldenswort , † December 31, 1805 in Kiel ) was a German doctor , physicist and professor of medicine.


Philipp Gabriel Hensler was born as the son of the Oldensworth deacon Friedrich Hensler and Margaretha Elisabeth Wedderkop, a granddaughter of Gabriel Wedderkop . In 1735 Friedrich Hensler became a preacher in Friedrichstadt and in 1737 at the Preetz monastery church , where he died in 1742. Philipp Gabriel's brother Peter Wilhelm was born in the year of his father's death.

Philipp Gabriel Hensler and his brother grew up in their mother's family in Oldenswort, where their grandfather Matthias Gabriel Wedderkop († 1749) was a pastor. He attended the Latin schools in Husum and Schleswig . In 1753 he began studying theology at the University of Göttingen , which he finished in 1756. In 1760 he started studying medicine and graduated after two years. He then worked briefly as a practicing doctor in Preetz and went to Bad Segeberg in 1763 . Here he became physician for the Segeberg-Land Office , the Traventhal Office and the Oldesloe Office .

In 1769, Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff arranged for Hensler to be employed as a physicist for Altona , the County of Rantzau and the Pinneberg rule . He was thus the successor to Johann Friedrich Struensee . In 1775 he was given the position of Royal Danish Archiatrist . Hensler was good friends with Martin Ehlers and Georg Ludwig Ahlemann , whom he had met in Segeberg. In Hamburg and Altona, due to his extensive knowledge and personality, he made friends with numerous influential people, also outside the city limits. These included Johann Bernhard Basedow , Johann Jakob Dusch and Johann Christoph Unzer . Further friendships connected him with Matthias Claudius , Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg and Christian zu Stolberg-Stolberg . Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock was one of the most famous patients .

Hensler was committed to the establishment of public hospitals. In 1784, one of the first hospitals in the German-speaking area in Königstrasse in Altona was opened at Hensler's instigation and financed by donations from the citizens.

In 1789 Hensler received a call as a full professor of medicine at the University of Kiel . There he advised Friedrich Karl von Reventlow , who acted as curator of the university, after 1800 . Hensler successfully campaigned for reforms in the medical faculty. In 1802 Hensler was given the title of Budget Councilor and in 1804 became the first director of the Schleswig-Holstein Medical College.

The doctor often stayed at Gut Emkendorf , where he treated Friederike Juliane von Reventlow . The Emkendorfer Kreis also frequently asked Hensler for advice.

Hensler had been married to Christina Lucia, daughter of Pastor Hieronymus Kramer from Preetz, since 1760. The eldest son of this marriage was the theology professor Christian Gotthilf Hensler (1760–1812); his daughter Margarethe became the second wife of Barthold Georg Niebuhr in 1816 . The second son Hieronymus Friedrich Philipp Hensler (* 1766 in Segeberg) studied medicine, held lectures in Kiel as a private lecturer in 1791 and 1792 and became a doctor of the Duke of Augustenburg Friedrich Christian II. He died at the age of 27 in 1793. His widow Beate Wibke Dorothea (Dora) Hensler b. Behrens (1770–1860) moved in at the request of her father-in-law Hensler. Her sister Amalie Behrens, who became Niebuhr's first wife, also lived with Hensler.

His studbook from the period from 1753 to 1756 with entries from Göttingen, Kiel, Odense and Copenhagen has been preserved; In 2011 it was privately owned in Bonn.


Since 1767 Hensler wrote numerous reviews for the General German Library by Friedrich Nicolai . In 1783 he wrote his main work on the history of the lust epidemic, which at the end of the XV. Century broke out in Europe . The work, of which only the first part was published, remained unfinished. In 1785, Hensler outlined the need for inpatient medical care in his publication On Hospitals .

Together with Johann Heinrich Voss , Hensler published works by his brother Peter Wilhelm Hensler , who died in 1779 while staying in Altona.

Web links


  • Hans-Werner Engels: Hensler, Philipp Gabriel . In: Franklin Kopitzsch, Dirk Brietzke (Hrsg.): Hamburgische Biographie . tape 4 . Wallstein, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8353-0229-7 , pp. 147-148 .
  • Philipp Portwich: The doctor Philipp Gabriel Hensler and his contemporaries in the Schleswig-Holstein Late Enlightenment , 22nd volume of the Kiel Contributions to the History of Medicine and Pharmacy , Wachholtz Verlag, 1995
  • August Hirsch: Hensler, Philipp Gabriel , in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 12 (1880), pp. 8-11 online
  • Henning Ratjen : Philip Gabriel Hensler. In: Journal of the Society for the History of the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg , 1st volume, Commissions-Verlag der Universitäts-Buchhandlung, Kiel, 1870, p. 260, ff., Online .
  • Philip Gabriel Hensler Foundation for Young Doctors . In: (compiled by) Dr. phil. Peter Paulsen: The scholarships in the duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg , Dr. Heidberg's Buchhandlung, Schleswig, 1863, pp. 147ff., Online .
  • Dieter Lohmeier: The register of Philipp Gabriel Hensler from his first student days in Göttingen. In: Nordelbingen 81 (2012), pp. 27-38

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Entry in the Kiel directory of scholars
  2. ^ Entry in the repertory Alborum Amicorum