Cyprian Kamil Norwid

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Cyprian Kamil Norwid
Norwid's signature
Dolce far niente , self-portrait 1845

Cyprian Kamil Norwid (born September 24, 1821 in Laskowo-Głuchy, Mazovia , † May 23, 1883 in Paris ) was a Polish poet . He is one of the most important poets in the country.


Norwid's father worked for the aristocratic Radziwiłł family , and since 1825 Norwid was raised as an orphan by his grandmother. He attended a grammar school in Warsaw . In 1840 he made his debut with the poem Mój ostatni sonet (German: My last sonnet ) in the journal Piśmiennictwo Krajowe .

In 1842 Norwid visited Dresden , later Venice and Florence . From 1844 he lived in Rome , then in Brussels and later again in Rome, where he met Adam Mickiewicz and Zygmunt Krasiński .

Norwid lived in Paris from 1849 to 1852 . There he lived in poverty, published literary works in the magazine Goniec polski , learned a. a. Frédéric Chopin and Juliusz Słowacki know. In 1852 he emigrated to the USA , but returned to Europe in 1854.

In addition to poems, Norwid also created numerous drawings, etchings, paintings and watercolors, but could not sell anything. He was sick with tuberculosis, lived in poverty in Paris and spent the last years of his life in the oeuvre of St. Casimir in the 13th arrondissement of Paris. He was first buried in a poor grave and later reburied in the Polish cemetery in Montmorency in the Val-d'Oise department . A handful of earth from his grave was buried in an urn in 2001 in the Wawel Cathedral in Krakow at the entrance to the "Crypt of National Poets". A small bronze memorial was erected there in 1993, 110 years after his death.

Most of Norwid's works were not discovered and published until the end of the 19th century, mainly on the initiative of the poet Zenon Przesmycki . A complete collection of Norwid's works was first published by Juliusz Wiktor Gomulicki in 1968 and again, with critical comments, as Pisma wszystkie in 11 volumes from 1971 to 1976.

Norwid is usually attributed to the Romantic era .


  • Pompeiia (1848 or 1849)
  • Niewola (1849)
  • Noc tysiączna druga (English: A Thousand and Two Nights ) (a theater comedy, 1850)
  • Wanda (a play, 1851)
  • Vade-mecum (a collection of poems, 1858 to 1865)
  • Fortepian Szopena
  • Assunta (a collection of poems, 1870)
  • Ad leones! (1883)
  • Tajemnica lorda Singelworth (a novella, 1883)
  • About freedom of the word. Poems and a poem . Translated from the Polish by Peter Gehrisch. Leipziger, Leipzig 2012.
  • Poetry album 305 . Märkischer Verlag, Wilhelmshorst 2013, ISBN 978-3-943708-05-9 .
  • Krakus. The unknown prince. A tragedy. Transferred by Waclaw Wierzbowski. Edited by Arfst Wagner with a chapter on the life and work of Norwid by Czeslaw Milosz. Möllmann-Verlag, 2014, ISBN 978-3-89979-207-2 .

Web links

Commons : Cyprian Kamil Norwid  - album with pictures, videos and audio files