|Area||Technical product documentation|
|title||CAD models, drawings and parts lists (5 parts)|
|Brief description:||Lexicon of related terminology|
|Latest edition||different, see text|
The DIN standard DIN 199 of the German Institute for Standardization e. V. regulates and defines the terminology in the technical product documentation . Part 1 of this standard is a lexicon of terms for selected fixed designations and document types from the areas of CAD models, drawings and parts lists; Part 3 defines the terms for the structure and use of key numbers.
DIN terms used in technical documentation
The other explanations on DIN 199 are preceded by the DIN term technical documentation, as defined in DIN 6789 .
There it says: "Technical documentation includes documents that can be read directly or with optical aids (see DIN 199 Part 1, Edition 05.84) as well as documents that do not meet the criteria for documents (e.g. magnetic tapes )."
A document is a summary or compilation of information-bearing data that is handled as a unit.
A documentation is complete for a particular purpose collection of documents.
DIN 199-1: Terms
- Current edition: 3.2002
Part 1 of this standard lists the most important drawing terms and types in alphabetical order:
|Type||Purpose or content||Comments, examples, etc.|
|Change index||Code number or letter for versioning a technical drawing|
|Arrangement plan||Representation of the spatial position of objects to one another|
|CAD model||Structured CAD data that is divided into physical parts and represented objects, e.g. B. a building, a mechanical device|
|CAD plot||Output of a CAD drawing or a part on a drawing carrier|
|CAD drawing||Drawing generated by a computer program that is displayed on a plotter, printer or screen|
|diagram||Representation of numerical values or functional relationships in a coordinate system|
|Single part drawing||Representation of a single part without spatial allocation to other parts.||complete dimensions, material information, surface information|
|Draft drawing||Representation whose final execution has not yet been decided|
|Supplementary drawing||Shows details of items referred to in other drawings|
|Manufacturing drawing||Representation of a part with further information on production|
|Photo drawing||Photo is an integral part of the drawing|
|Overall drawing||Representation of a machine , a device or a system in an assembled state|
|Group drawing||True-to-scale representation of the spatial location and the shape of the parts combined into a group|
|Construction drawing||Representation of an object in the intended final state|
|Dimensional drawing||Representation of essential dimensions and information for a part reduced to the respective application||see also: dimensioning|
|Original drawing||A binding version of a drawing for further work steps|
|Patent drawing||Presentation and formal structure in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance on the Registration of Patents|
|- plan||Provides z. B. Functional relationships are represented by symbols||z. B. electrical circuit diagrams , pneumatic circuit diagrams , hydraulic circuit diagrams , piping plan|
|sketch||Not necessarily to scale, mainly freehand drawn drawing|
|Standard drawing||Representation that is adapted to the respective application by adding or changing certain, provided data||see also: Standard|
|Technical file||With its information content, it serves technical purposes|
|Technical drawing||A drawing in the type and completeness required for technical purposes, e.g. B. by adhering to presentation rules and dimension entries|
|Part drawing||Representation of a part without spatial assignment to other parts|
|Variants drawing||z. B. a drawing of objects that differs from another, similar object in certain dimensions|
|Form drawing||A reproducible standard drawing|
|drawing||A pictorial representation made up of lines|
|Drawing set||The entirety of all drawings that are required for the complete representation of an object|
|assembly drawing as||Illustration used to explain assembly processes||also called assembly drawing|
Classification of technical drawings
According to DIN 199-1, technical drawings can be distinguished as follows:
- According to the type of presentation
- Sketch: mainly freehand, mostly not to scale
- Drawing: a pictorial representation made up of lines
- Plan: functional relationships (e.g. circuit diagrams)
- Graphic representation: pictorial representation (e.g. house)
- According to the type of manufacture
- Pencil drawing
- Ink drawing
- According to the content
- Overall drawing
- Group drawing
- Individual part drawing (complete dimensions, material information, surface information)
- Blank drawing
- Welding group drawing
- According to the purpose
- Design drawing
- Special cases (not necessarily according to DIN 199) (e.g. production drawing, offer and order drawing, approval drawing, patent drawing)
Other terms that are defined in Part 1 are different types of parts such as:
- Third-party parts: Subject of third-party development and production (en: part of outside origin)
- Own parts: subject to own development and production
- Third-party production parts: Subject of in-house development, but third-party production (en: part of outside manufacture)
DIN 199-2: Terms for parts lists and parts lists
Part 2 regulates terms that concern parts lists and parts lists. DIN 199-2 (last edition 12.1977) was withdrawn as an independent standard part in 2002 and replaced by DIN 199-1, edition 3.2002.
Definition of parts list
“The parts list is a complete, formally structured directory for an object for the respective purpose, which contains all the associated objects, specifying the designation (designation, item number), quantity and unit. Only those directories that relate to the quantity ≥1 of an item are referred to as parts lists. "(Edition 12.1977, No. 51)
- Assembly parts list: “The assembly parts list contains the groups, own and third-party parts only in the next lower level of a product or a group, which are directly required for their assembly. A multi-part product always consists of several parts lists. "
- Structural parts list: "The structure parts list is a form of parts list which is used to display the product structure with all groups and parts, with each group being broken down to its lowest level."
- Common parts list: "A common parts list is a list that contains all the items that have the same item number and the same quantity in several variants."
- Quantity overview parts list: "Quantity overview parts list is a form of parts list in which all parts for an object are only listed once with details of their total quantity."
- Variant parts list: "The variant parts list is a summary of several parts lists on one form in order to be able to list different items with a generally high proportion of identical components."
More terms for parts lists
- Item number: "The item number is the identifying number of an object (thing)."
- Raw part: "A raw part is a part that is manufactured without cutting for the production of a certain object and still requires machining."
- Product: "A product is a usable or salable object created through manufacture."
- Product structure: “The product structure is the totality of the relationships between the groups and parts of a product, which are determined according to a certain point of view. The parts list indicates in an analytical sort order which groups and individual parts and how many are contained in a product or (assembly) group. (see e.g. VDI 2815, DIN 199-2, DIN 199-4) "
- Variants: "Variants are objects of a similar shape or function with a generally high proportion of identical groups or parts."
- Assembly: “An assembly is an item consisting of two or more parts or groups of lower order. It is a division of the overall product structure into individual, function-independent groups and thus embodies the structural structure of a product. "
- System components: "Depending on the complexity and value-added level of the system, the system environment can be divided into several levels (" super system "and" super² system "). The same applies to the system components, which, based on the product structure (DIN 199-2 / 12.77), can be subdivided into subsystems and components and, if necessary, into cross-sectional elements. "
DIN 199-3: BOM processing, terms in key systems
- Current edition: 8.1978
Part 3 regulates the terms used in parts list processing and terms in key systems and lists the most important terms in alphabetical order:
|Type||Purpose or content||Comments, examples etc.|
|Construction kit parts list||Parts list in which all parts and groups of the next lower level are listed.|
|Provisioning list||List of items that must be available, with details of the quantities and the supplying and receiving locations|
|Fuel||Substance that is not contained in the item but is necessary for production, e.g. B. detergents, drilling water, etc.|
|Item||Part that cannot be dismantled without being destroyed.|
|Spare part list||Contains information about spare parts for an item|
|Prefabricated part||Part (object) in a functional and ready-to-install condition.|
|Basic parts list||Is created for the basic version of an object.|
|group||Can consist of two or more individual parts or be self-contained (assembled).|
|Workpiece||Product obtained by continuous casting with subsequent processing, such as B. rolling or forging, is worked into blocks and is intended for forming flat or long products or for the production of hot-formed forgings.|
|Construction parts list||Is created for the construction area in connection with the associated drawings.|
|Structure parts list||Shows the assembly flow from the lowest level with all groups and parts.|
|parts list||A directory that is built up for an object for the respective purpose.|
|Variant parts list||Parts lists summarized on one form, listing various items with a high proportion of identical components.|
DIN 199-4: changes
- Current edition: 10.1981
According to DIN 199-4, change management includes “the internal organization and the associated organizational means for changing objects, e.g. B. of documents or parts ". It usually also includes subsequent changes to specific manufacturing, measuring and testing equipment.
DIN 199-5: Parts list processing, parts list resolution
- Current edition: 10.1981
Proof of use
According to DIN 199-5, "the proof of use for a part number is a directory in which all items are listed, summarized according to certain aspects, in which this part number is or may be included."
“Where-used lists are required to identify which groups and products are used for individual parts. Objects that are used in different groups of a (end) product and / or different (end) products are repeat parts. (see DIN 199-2 / DIN 6789) "
Word combinations with plan in drawings
In drawings, word combinations with plan indicate that either immaterial objects (e.g. functional relationships or sequences of events) are represented symbolically or the spatial arrangement of material objects projected into a plane. Examples are network diagram, circuit diagram or pipeline diagram.
"All drawings that show a system, a building, a machine, a device, a group in an assembled state or as an exploded view are overall drawings ."
- CAD models, drawings and parts lists ( Memento of the original from November 8, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. PLM portal
- DIN 6789 documentation system, structure of technical product documentation , draft Feb. 1986 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Tekom
- Hoischen technical drawing . Cornelsen Schwann-Girardet, Düsseldorf 1988, ISBN 3-590-82024-1 , 22nd edition: page 13
- Hoischen technical drawing . Cornelsen, Düsseldorf 2007, ISBN 978-3-589-24130-9 , 31st edition: page 18
- Item identification of the components for Voith Turbo products (PDF) Voith
- lists in production planning (PDF; 1.8 MB) SAP
- Parts lists ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 959 kB) Zwickau University of Applied Sciences
- Creation of work plans, master site (PDF; 5.7 MB)
- Basics of the modeling of production systems (PDF) Uni Paderborn
- Product data management (PDF) TU Darmstadt
- ITELOP Glossary ( Memento of the original from March 30, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Chemnitz University of Technology
- cf. Schuh, Grawatsch, 2004
- Axel Gomeringer: Dissertation (PDF; 2.9 MB)
- parts lists ( Memento of the original from October 17, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. PLM portal
- Technical drawing basics: Terms plan and overall drawing ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF) TFH Berlin