German Party (Württemberg)

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The German Party was a party founded in 1866 in Württemberg . Its goals essentially corresponded to the National Liberal Party of other German states.


In 1864, the liberal Württemberg Progressive Party broke up with the founding of the left-wing liberal Democratic People's Party . As a result, after the German War, on August 7, 1866, personalities from the remnants of the old Progressive Party founded the German Party with the goal of a Prussian- led nation state. Among the founding members were Julius Hölder , Gustav Siegle , Kilian Steiner , Eduard Pfeiffer and the Tübingen lawyer Robert Römer , a son of Friedrich Römer . The party saw itself as representing the interests of the Protestant industrial bourgeoisie and was under the leadership of Hölders until 1875.


From 1870 to 1895 the German Party was the leading party in the Kingdom of Württemberg. With the death of Julius Hölder in 1887, however, the party lost its crucial figure of integration. The later chairmen of the party changed frequently and there were weaknesses in internal leadership and journalism. After 1895, the party increasingly lost ground in favor of the left-wing liberal People's Party and the state associations of the parties SPD , Center , Conservatives (which emerged in Württemberg from the so-called state party ) and farmers' union, which were now also being formed in the Kingdom of Württemberg . Since 1908 the German party officially called itself the National Liberal Party - German Party in Württemberg .

In the late phase of the monarchy, Johannes von Hieber, a member of the Reichstag and later President of Württemberg , was a politician belonging to the left (social) wing of the German party . The German Party existed until 1918 and, after the end of the First World War, under the significant influence of Hieber, joined the new DDP on December 7, 1918 together with the Progressive People's Party . In Württemberg, the long-term split of liberalism into two parties would almost have been overcome if, following the example of Gustav Stresemann, old national liberals like Gottlob Egelhaaf had not finally established a state organization of the new DVP in the people's state of Württemberg .


The highest authority of the German party in the Kingdom of Württemberg was the state assembly , which met about once a year and to which every member had free access with voting rights. In absolute numbers, for example, the number of participants in the national assembly was around 250 in 1892 and around 900 in 1904. A newspaper closely related to the German party was the Swabian Kronik .

The number of members of the German party developed as follows:

year number
1898 5,000 members
1900 6,000 members
1903 6,600 members
1914 10,800 members

The party leaders of the German party are listed below:

Duration Chairman
1866-1875 Julius von Hölder
1875 Gustav Müller
1875–? Wilhelm Lang
? –1881 Max Römer
1881-1887 Carl Wilhelm von Wolff
1887–1891 or 1894 (?) Karl von Göz
Duration Chairman
1891-1902 Richard Schall
1902-1903 Sigmund Schott
1903-1905 Adolf Schiedmayer
1905-1911 Johannes von Hieber
1911-1913 Franz Kübel
1913-1918 Cunning


  • Paul Rothmund, Erhard R. Wiehn: The FDP / DVP in Baden-Württemberg and its history . Writings on political regional studies, Volume 4, the state center for political education Baden-Württemberg. Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1979
  • The Kingdom of Württemberg 1806–1918 Monarchy and modernity . Exhibition catalog Landesmuseum Württemberg. Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Stuttgart 2006, ISBN 3-7995-0221-1

References and comments

  1. P. Rothmund, E. Wiehn: The FDP / DVP in Baden-Württemberg and their history . P. 98
  2. P. Rothmund, E. Wiehn: The FDP / DVP in Baden-Württemberg and their history . P. 97
  3. P. Rothmund, E. Wiehn: The FDP / DVP in Baden-Württemberg and their history . P. 99
  4. This list is based on information in the book by P. Rothmund and E. Wiehn: The FDP / DVP in Baden-Württemberg and their history . No such list is published in this book, so the information can only be found in the running text. It can therefore be assumed that the list is still incomplete. The exact dating of the duration of the chairmanship is also relatively imprecise, which is expressed by the various question marks. In the biographical handbook of the Württemberg state parliament members 1815-1933 by Frank Raberg at least one other chairman is named. This is Friedrich Ludwig von Geß . However, there is no dating in the case of F. Raberg, so that it is unclear how Geß should be included in the list. Gess is not mentioned in P. Rothmund and E. Wiehn.
  5. ^ Wilhelm Kohlhaas: Chronicle of the City of Stuttgart 1913-1918 . Publications of the Archives of the City of Stuttgart Volume 16. Stuttgart 1967, p. 225.