Dolní Houžovec

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Dolní Houžovec
Dolní Houžovec does not have a coat of arms
Dolní Houžovec (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Pardubický kraj
District : Ústí nad Orlicí
Municipality : Ústí nad Orlicí
Area : 448 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 58 '  N , 16 ° 28'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 58 '5 "  N , 16 ° 28' 28"  E
Height: 497  m nm
Residents : 45 (2011)
Postal code : 562 01
License plate : E.
Status: District
Stone chapel for Our Lady of Sorrows , built in 1904.

Dolní Houžovec (German: Seibersdorf , also Saibeschtoff as well as 1292 villa Sifridi and 1304 Sifridsdorf ) is a municipality part of the town of Ústí nad Orlicí in the district of Ústí nad Orlicí in the east Bohemian region of Pardubický kraj in the Czech Republic .


The district is 497 m above sea level. M., about 5.5 kilometers east of the town of Ústí nad Orlicí, along a road between the districts of Knapovec and Horní Dobrouč . According to its settlement form, the place is a forest hoof village , which is embedded between two mountain ridges: to the east to the foothills of the Steinberg and to the south to the 531 meter high Zlatá hora (German: 'Goldberg').


Dolní Houžovec was first mentioned in documents in 1292 as villa Sifridi . At that time, King Wenceslaus II gave this place to the Königssaal monastery he founded . In 1568 were for a non-critical and inaccurate Urbar , which do not use a register , 13 landlords resident (eleven of them farmers and two Müller) is comparable in the modern sense, in Dolni Houžovec addition to Inwohnern and inmates who had no possessions; after a similar “tax rolla” of 1654, the population was 80 (including eleven farmers, two gardeners, one weaver). The report on the "revised Rolla" (1747/1751/1756) stated:

“Has a judge in common with Hertersdorf . Fields are bad, mountainous and stony and hardly 1/3 usable. Spin and buy the flax from another source. They have a very meager diet. 4 1/2 residences. "

- Revised Rolla (1747/1751/1756)

For the first time a teacher for the place is recorded for the year 1817, in 1874 a school house was built, in 1914 the village received water pipes, in 1938 a customs inspection office. A predominantly German-speaking population lived in Dolní Houžovec until the Second World War . According to a census from 1930, the place had 67 houses with 302 (after another 307) inhabitants (299 of them German-speaking, 3 Czech-speaking). Around this time the place had two inns, two general stores, two shoemakers, a saddler, blacksmith, wagner, carpenter, cattle dealer as well as a milk truck, a convenience store, a quarry and a small fish pond in the center of the village. After 1945/46 or after the Second World War, the German-speaking population was expelled and the number of houses was reduced to 42 according to a 1950 count. At the beginning of the 21st century, the number of inhabitants is still far removed from the population figures of the past (e.g. between the years 1843 to 1930).

year 1654 1843 1869 1880 1890 1900 1910 1921 1930 1950 1961 1970 1980 1991 2001 2011
population 80 406 367 372 349 317 319 293 307 136 118 102 78 56 49 45
Population development of Dolní Houžovec


  • Stone chapel for Our Lady of Sorrows : built in 1904 in place of the old wooden chapel. In 1921 Emilie Freudl donated one of the two new bells. In the period after 1945 the chapel deteriorated increasingly; In the 1990s, the capitals were restored with financial support from the former German-speaking residents.
  • Wayside shrines / crosses from the 19th and 20th centuries

Web links

Commons : Dolní Houžovec  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. a b Gustav Korkisch: History of the Schönhengstgau. Part 1. (= publications of the Collegium Carolinum. Volume 20). Verlag Robert Lerche, Munich 1966, pp. 32–33.
  3. Irene Kuller: The development of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands in the area between the Eagle Mountains and Saar in the 13th century. (= Scientific materials and contributions to the history and regional studies of the Bohemian countries of the Collegium Carolinum. Issue 18). Lerche, Munich 1975, p. 195.
  4. a b c d e f Franz JC Gauglitz: Heimat Kreis Landskron. Home book for the city and district of Landskron. Compiled and edited. Zluhan, Bietigheim 1978, p. 241 f.
  5. a b c Gustav Korkisch: History of the Schönhengstgau. Part 2. (= publications of the Collegium Carolinum. Volume 31). Verlag Robert Lerche, Munich 1975, ISBN 3-87478-115-2 , pp. 30-31, 37, 258-260.
  6. Historický lexikon obcí České republiky - 1869–2011 .
  7. Dorní Houžovec - kaple, see: Information board about the sights of the town of Ústí nad Orlicí