Ústí nad Orlicí

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Ústí nad Orlicí
Coat of arms of Ústí nad Orlicí
Ústí nad Orlicí (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Pardubický kraj
District : Ústí nad Orlicí
Area : 3636 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 58 ′  N , 16 ° 24 ′  E Coordinates: 49 ° 58 ′ 27 ″  N , 16 ° 24 ′ 0 ″  E
Height: 340  m nm
Residents : 14,196 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 562 01 - 562 06
Status: city
Districts: 8th
Mayor : Petr Hájek (as of 2017)
Address: Sychrova 16
562 24 Ústí nad Orlicí 1
Municipality number: 579891
Website : www.ustinadorlici.cz
Peace Square in Ústí nad Orlicí, the town hall on the left
Wildsword and entrance into the Adlerthal in 1845

Ústí nad Orlicí ( German  wild sword ) is a town in the Pardubický kraj region . It is located in the Eagle Foothills at the confluence of the Silent Eagles and the Bohemian Drives . The historic city center was declared a monument protection zone in 1991.


Wildenschwert was founded in 1241 by Wilhelm von Dürnholz as Wilhelmswert and at that time belonged to the Landskron lordship . The Bohemian King Wenceslas II donated the place to the Cistercian monastery Königsaal in 1292 , for whose endowment it was used. Wildenschwert gave this to the diocese of Leitomischl in 1358 . After the fall of the diocese as a result of the Hussite Wars , the place passed into secular possession and belonged to the noble families Kostka von Postupice , von Pernstein and Hrzan von Harras . Wildenschwert was first referred to as a city in 1544.

Since the end of the 15th century there was a community of the Bohemian Brothers in Wildenschwert , who were expelled in the course of the Counter Reformation in 1626. After the Battle of the White Mountains , Wildenschwert was transferred to the Liechtenstein family . Although weavers' and cloth makers' guilds have been traceable since the 16th century , the city only recovered slowly from the looting during the Thirty Years' War . In 1706 a fire ravaged the city. In 1795 Wildenschwert was released from Liechtenstein rule and elevated to the status of a municipal town .

With the connection to the rail network of the Olomouc – Prague railway line in 1845, the city, which from the end of the 18th century also bore the Czech name Oustí or Austi , experienced an economic boom. The expanding textile factories gave the city the nickname "East Bohemian Manchester" and made it one of the most important centers of the textile industry . As a result of the increased economic importance, Wildenschwert became a district town in 1850.


Church of the Assumption
Community center
Marian column on Friedensplatz
  • town hall
  • Church of the Assumption
  • Dean's office building
  • Way of the Cross
  • Marian column
  • Functionalist theater by the architect Kamil Roškot
  • Christmas crib exhibition in the city museum
  • Andrlův chlum lookout tower

sons and daughters of the town

City structure

  • Černovír ( Chernovians )
  • Dolní Houžovec ( Seibersdorf )
  • Horní Houžovec ( Hertersdorf )
  • Hylváty ( Hil Betten )
  • Kerhartice ( Gersdorf an der Adler )
  • Knapovec ( Knappendorf )
  • Oldřichovice ( Dreihöf )
  • Ústí nad Orlicí ( Wild Sword )

Twin cities

Population development

year 1970 1980 1991 2001 2003
Residents 12,843 15,288 15,295 15.192 15,031
Population development in Ústí nad Orlicí


Web links

Commons : Ústí nad Orlicí  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)