|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Pardubický kraj|
|District :||Ústí nad Orlicí|
|Area :||2921 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||960 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||561 81 - 561 82|
|License plate :||E.|
|Mayor :||Josef Paďour (as of 2006)|
561 81 Kunvald v Čechách
Kunwald was probably founded in the second half of the 13th century. There are several assumptions about the origin of the name Kunwald, through which several trade routes led through the Glatzer Land to Silesia . For one, this could have been caused by German settlers, it is also possible to derive the name from the knight Kuna, who settled at the nearby Suchá castle, and the addition of forest due to the landscape of the surroundings. A third version presumes that the name was given by settlers from Upper Lusatia , in which there was a village of the same name, Cunewalde .
The first documentary mention comes from 1363, when Jan Peter von Třebová ( Jan Petr z Třebové ) was appointed pastor in Nekoř. In 1389 Boček II acquired from Podebrady Kunwald, who connected it with his rule Lititz .
In 1453 , with the permission of the Utraquist Jan Rokycana, followers of the persecuted religious community of the Bohemian Brethren settled in Kunwald, which was then owned by the later King George of Podebrady . They wanted to live a life of Christian faith, brotherly love and the commandments of the Gospel, following the example and writings of the religious thinker Petr Chelčický . In Kunwald they were looked after by a few preachers, among them Michael Bradacius , who was the utraquist pastor in Žamberk and is therefore known as Michael von Žamberk . In 1457 he moved to the faithful brothers in Kunwald, who initially called themselves “Fratres Legis Christi” ( Brothers of the Law of Christ ) and at the Synod of Brothers in 1467 in nearby Lhotka, they were renamed “Unitas Fratrum” ( unity of the brothers ) or “Fratres Unitatis “( United Brothers ). After own priests and bishops were ordained by the synodal resolution , there was a separation from the Utraquists, who saw their existence endangered. Subsequently, the brotherhood was subjected to renewed persecution. Their believers then met in Modlivý důl ( Prayer Valley ). Bishop Matthias von Kunwald ( Matěj z Kunvaldu ), consecrated in 1467, served as a senior at the university until 1494.
Since 2008 Kunvald has been a Městys again .
- Church built in two sections (1606), (1931-1933)
- House “Na Sboru” ( House of the Congregation ), commemorates the beginning of the Brotherhood
- 450 year old "Brothers" -Linde ( Bratrská lípa in Czech )
- Jan Černý-Nigranus (1500 / 1510–1565), historian, priest
- Jan Evangelista Mitvalský (born June 1, 1861 in Kunvald, † December 7, 1899 in Prague, buried at the Vyšehrad cemetery ), ophthalmologist and editor of medical journals
- Ludwig Vacatko (born August 19, 1873 in Simmering near Vienna, † November 26, 1956 in Prague), painter
- Lititz (Pennsylvania, USA)
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)