Eduard Müller (philologist)

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Eduard Müller (born November 12, 1804 in Brieg ( Silesia ), † November 30, 1875 in Liegnitz ) was a German teacher and philologist . He was the brother of the Protestant theologian Julius Müller (1801–1878) and the classical philologist Karl Otfried Müller (1797–1840). His parents were the pastor Karl Daniel Müller and his wife Juliane .


After attending grammar school, he went to the University of Breslau in 1821 to study theology under David Schulz (1779-1854) and Daniel Georg Konrad von Cölln (1788-1833), and philology under Franz Passow and Schneider . He also came into closer contact with Henrik Steffens (1773-1845), with whom he was still in correspondence later. At Easter 1823 he went to Göttingen, where in addition to his six years older brother Karl, Dissen (1784–1834) and the philosopher Krause had a lasting influence on him. After returning to his Silesian homeland, he received his doctorate in August 1826 with the thesis "Euripides deorum popularium contemtor" . In autumn he followed a call to the high school in Racibórz . As early as January 1828 he was promoted to second senior teacher , four years later to vice-rector . In 1841 he went to the secondary school in Liegnitz in the same capacity , where he received the title of "Professor" in 1846. When the reforms in the higher education system were being discussed in Berlin in 1849, he took part as the elected representative of the Silesian grammar school teachers. Four years later he was appointed director, a position he held for the next fourteen years.

After he retired at Easter 1867, he devoted the rest of his days to uninterrupted philological and aesthetic studies.


Müller was a man with a wide range of education and wrote a lot, of his numerous program treatises the following should be emphasized:

  • "About the Imitative in Art according to Aristotle" , 1834
  • "The idea of ​​aesthetics presented according to its historical origin" , 1842
  • "Ueber Sophokleische Naturanschauung" , 1842
  • "The Christian principle of art according to its historical origins" , 1856
  • “About Apollonius of Tyana” , 1861

His main work, however, is the “History of the Theory of Art among the Elderly” in two volumes. Breslau 1834 and 1837. He also published a new edition of the “Greek literary history” by his brother Otfried (2 volumes, Breslau 1857). Contributions from his pen also appeared in Zimmermann's contributions to antiquity studies , Schall's and Holtei's German papers , in the book show of the Breslauer Zeitung and in the Jahn's yearbooks for philology and pedagogy , in particular the larger treatises "Aristotle and the German Drama" and " Parallels to the messianic prophecies and types of OT from ancient Hellenic times ” .

From his estate, Kraffert published “The Genius Cult of the Old Persians” (Abroad 1876) and “The Idea of ​​Humanity in Hellenic Antiquity” (in the 9th supplement of the Jahn yearbooks).

He also tried his hand at poet, in 1853 he published: “Samson and Delilah, a tragedy in 5 acts” .


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