Ernst Bölte

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Johann Ernst Georg Bölte (born April 21, 1802 in Neubukow ; † September 23, 1870 in Boizenburg / Elbe ) was a German lawyer and politician.


Ernst Bölte was the son and eldest of (at least) six children of the lawyer and mayor in Rehna Johann Christoph Bölte († 1831) and his wife Amalia Louisa, born in Güstrow. Tarnow (* 1785). The writer Amely Bölte was his younger sister, the writer and translator Fanny Tarnow was his aunt.

Bölte spent his childhood and youth in Neubukow and Rehna (from 1807) and certainly later visited his parents in Grevesmühlen (from 1831). From 1819 he studied law at the University of Rostock and at the University of Göttingen (around 1822). In 1822 he became a member of the Corpsland Team Vandalia II Rostock and since 1825 belonged to the Corps Vandalia Rostock, which still exists today .

After graduation and the doctorate to Dr. jur. he became attorney and procurator at the Rostock law office and from 1833 at the Schwerin law office . He was also a notary with his place of residence and office in Rehna (1825-1831), Grevesmühlen (1832) and Hagenow (1833-1849). From 1849 to 1852 he was lawyer, procurator and notary in Ludwigslust and then until 1870 at the law offices in Rostock and Schwerin with residence in Boizenburg. At the same time, he was city judge at the court for civil and criminal matters in the (partial) duchy of Mecklenburg-Güstrow in Boizenburg and judge at the local and lower court for civil jurisdiction.

Bölte became mayor of Hagenow in 1833. He was a staunch political opponent of the poor doctor (and corps brother) Ernst Raber and is considered one of the triggers of the Hagenow turmoil in Mecklenburg Vormärz , as a result of which he was temporarily expelled from office in 1848, but later returned to the mayor's office until 1851. In 1850 he was a member of the Volkshaus of the Erfurt Union Parliament . He was there the first member of the electoral district of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Ludwigslust) and belonged to the faction of the station party to.

From 1852 until his death in 1870 he was a deputy and (tax?) Collector of the knightly residents of the Boizenburg office in the knightly Wendish district of Mecklenburg.

Bölte was married to Louise, b. Ehlers, daughter of the mayor of Neubukow and councilor August Ehlers. The daughter Maria emigrated to the USA and became a pioneer of the kindergarten movement there.
He died impoverished. His estate was over-indebted and was therefore rejected by his son Max.


  • Jochen Lengemann : The German Parliament (Erfurt Union Parliament) from 1850 , 2000, pp. 90–91.
  • Stephan Sehlke: The spiritual Boizenburg. Education and the educated in and from the Boizenburg area from the 13th century to 1945. Norderstedt 2011. S. 114 f.

Individual evidence

  1. Entry in the Rostock matriculation portal
  2. ^ Helge bei der Wieden : Outline of German administrative history 1815-1945. Vol. B.13: Mecklenburg. (1976). Pp. 133-134.
  3. Kösener Korpslisten 1910, 185 , 78; 185 , 88
  4. See Anja Alert: Die Hagenower Wirren 1847. In: Helmut Reinalter (Hrsg.): Enlightenment - Vormärz - Revolution. (Yearbook of the International Research Center for Democratic Movements in Central Europe from 1770–1850 at the University of Innsbruck; Volume 16/17) Peter lang, Frankfurt / M. [u. a.] 1999. ISBN 978-3-631-46850-0

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