|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||24 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||67.47 km 2|
|Residents:||12,175 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||180 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||19230|
|Area code :||03883|
|License plate :||LUP, HGN, LBZ, LWL, PCH, STB|
|Community key :||13 0 76 060|
|LOCODE :||DE HAW|
|City structure:||6 districts|
City administration address :
|Lange Strasse 28–32
|Mayor :||Thomas Möller ( The Left )|
|Location of the city of Hagenow in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district|
Hagenow is a city in western Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , around 30 kilometers southwest of the state capital Schwerin . Hagenow is one of the 18 medium-sized centers in the country and the seat of the Hagenow-Land office, although it is not itself an official.
Hagenow is located in the west of the Ludwigslust-Parchim district . The closest larger cities are in the northeast Schwerin (approx. 30 km) and Wismar (approx. 65 km), and in the west Hamburg (approx. 80 km) and Lübeck (approx. 85 km).
The name is first encountered in 1194 as Hachenowe , later Haghenow (e) (1316, 1326), then Hagenowe and finally Hagenow . Although the West Slavic genitive ending -owe ( place des ... ) suggests a Polabian origin of the name, the toponomics is based on a combination of the Germanic word Hagen and the Germanic ending ö (g) , öch for Aue, Wiesenland . The name then meant something like fenced meadow land .
Hagenow in the Middle Ages
Hagenow is first mentioned in a document in Isfried's partition contract of 1194. Even then, Hagenow had a castle and a church. In 1201 secular rule over the place was passed from the Counts of Ratzeburg to the Counts of Schwerin . The church is mentioned in 1230 in the Ratzeburg tithe register , which lists the parishes belonging to the diocese of Ratzeburg at that time, sorted according to parishes . In the year 1326 Hagenow was a village when the Countess of Schwerin Merislave to Her jointure belonging "dorp do Haghenowe" her cousin, Count Heinrich von Schwerin left. In 1358 Hagenow came to the dukes of Mecklenburg . In 1370 the place was already referred to as an oppidum , i.e. a city, but also remained insignificant as a city for a long time, since it is still called a village in the regional healing register from 1520.
Development from the 16th century
The years 1538, 1748 and 1766 were marked by large fires, which several times destroyed almost the entire development. The oldest building still in existence in the city dates back to 1720. Also due to the fires is the typical Mecklenburg rural town architecture that dominates the city center. In 1746 Hagenow was referred to as a market town and in 1754 its status as a town was confirmed by the official award of town charter. Hagenow became a country town in Mecklenburg and was represented on state parliaments until 1918 as part of the towns in the Mecklenburg district .
Since around 1760, Jewish families have settled here with the permission of the sovereign, who set up a cemetery and built the synagogue (now called the Old Synagogue ). The last service took place in 1907, the last burial in 1935. The synagogue was desecrated during the November pogrom in 1938 , and was probably saved from being burned down by other buildings in the immediate vicinity. Then it served various purposes until the start of the renovation in 2001, including as a warehouse.
The office in the Mecklenburg district of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was later given the name of the city. The size of the 8,500 resident office was 4.15 square miles. The city of Hagenow itself had 3400 inhabitants. At the beginning of the 19th century, growth gradually began, which was promoted from 1846 by the nearby route of the Berlin-Hamburg railway . At the same time, Hagenow played a not laudable role in the Mecklenburg Vormärz with the expulsion of the poor doctor Ernst Raber from 1842, but he was elected to the Mecklenburg Assembly of Representatives for Hagenow in 1848 . This period of Hagenow in Vormärz is known regionally in Mecklenburg as Hagenow Wirren .
By 1900 an elementary school, a municipal bathing establishment as well as a savings bank and several newspaper publishers were established. Nail forging, market shoemaking, brewery, distillery, tobacco manufacture, dyeing and linen weaving existed as economic sources of income.
Hagenow from 1900
The economy expanded around 1900 to include a roofing felt factory, steam grinders and sawmills for the wood processing industry, and a steam dairy that produced cheese. The population rose to 4109. In 1933, Hagenow became the district town of the district of Hagenow, which was named after 1938 .
During the National Socialist era , the synagogue in Hagenstrasse was set on fire during the November pogroms in 1938 ; the fire was put out by neighbors worried about their own homes. After the pogroms of 1938, a family, a doctor and another man from the Jewish community lived in Güstrow. The two men were married to non-Jews; the family was deported to Auschwitz in 1942. During the time of the Second World War, an airfield / air base of the German Air Force with two runways, aircraft hangars and barracks was built in front of the gates of Hagenow near Sudenhof. After 1945 tank forces of the Soviet Army were stationed there.
The place became known by the title " Fru Püttelkow ut Hagenow" of the Low German dialect group " De Plattfööt ". Local historical events were described in the publication series “Fiek'n hätt schräb'n ut Hagenow”, published by the local chronicler Kuno Karls.
From around 1968 to 1988, the large residential areas Neue Heimat with 1,454 apartments and Kietz with 1,032 apartments were built using prefabricated panels. In addition to agriculture, sawmills, brickworks and the cheese factory were the basis of the economy. In 1988 the population was 11,600.
After the political change, the historic city center and since 1996 the Kietz ( urban redevelopment ) were fundamentally renovated as part of urban development funding. The Panzer Grenadier Battalion 401 of the Bundeswehr has been in the "Ernst Moritz Arndt Barracks" since April 1, 1991.
From 1952 to 1994 Hagenow was the district town of the district of the same name (until 1990 in the GDR district of Schwerin , then in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). It was the largest district in the GDR in terms of area . In 1994 the city was incorporated into the Ludwigslust district. Since the district reform in 2011 , the city has been in the Ludwigslust-Parchim district .
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent communities of Granzin near Hagenow, Scharbow, Viez and Zapel were incorporated.
Status: December 31 of the respective year
The city council of Hagenow consists of 25 elected representatives. Since the last election on May 26, 2019 , five parties have been represented with the following distribution of seats:
- Wilhelm Sager, July 21, 1945 - December 31, 1950
- Richard Brauer, January 1, 1951 - December 31, 1951
- Herbert Pohl, January 1, 1952 - September 19, 1952
- Kurt Huebner, September 19, 1952 - April 15, 1960
- Gerhard Pacholke, June 1, 1960 - August 31, 1964
- Werner Lenz, September 1, 1964 - March 31, 1970
- Erhard Feuereiß, April 1, 1970 - March 30, 1979
- Gerhard Christen, April 1, 1979 - July 24, 1985
- Gerhard Zimmermann, July 25, 1985 - December 31, 1989
- Karl-Heinz Becker (acting mayor), January 1, 1990 - May 10, 1990
- Horst Stieg, June 1, 1990 - August 18, 1993
- Wilfried Brüch (Acting Mayor), August 19, 1993 - July 5, 1994
- Fritz Katlun, July 6, 1994 - October 30, 2001
- Gisela Schwarz, since November 1, 2001 - October 31, 2015
- Thomas Möller, since November 1, 2015
Möller was elected in the mayoral election on June 14, 2015 with 57.8 percent of the valid votes for a term of seven years.
Coat of arms, flag and official seal
The city of Hagenow has a coat of arms, a flag and an official seal.
As amended by Barsbütteler redrawn Hans-Frieder Kühne replaced the coat of arms was approved on 15 March 1996 along with the flag by the interior minister of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
- Description of coat of arms
- "In red the bust of a looking bishop with a natural complexion, silver hair, a red decorated golden bishop's hat and a golden robe."
- Flag description
- “The flag of the city of Hagenow is evenly striped lengthways in red and yellow; on the red stripe on the leech is the figure of the city coat of arms in flag-appropriate tinging; the length of the flag is related to the height like 3 to 2. "
- Official seal
The large official seal of the city of Hagenow bears the coat of arms and the inscription "STADT HAGENOW", the small official seal bears the coat of arms and the inscription "STADT HAGENOW".
Sights and culture
- City church, neo-Gothic building from 1875/1879, the builder was Georg Daniel , the new tower was built by Gustav Hamann . It replaces a previous building made of rock masonry. The building was only slightly damaged in World War II . The biggest loss that the Hagenower had to accept, however, was the loss of their church tower bell , which disappeared in the chaos of war and probably ended up in the bell cemetery in Hamburg-Veddel , from which she never came back. A replacement could only be obtained a few years later, in the meantime only a small bell rang for the church.
- The building was extensively redesigned in the 1970s. The church was divided west of the transept . In the nave to the west of it, false ceilings were put in and then community rooms and apartments were set up, only the eastern part with the choir and transept has been used as a sacred space since then, with the community today facing west, contrary to the traditional orientation. In 1994 the building received a new organ and in 2001 a photovoltaic system.
- Municipal water tower Hagenow, 28 meters high, clinker brick building from 1908 with neo-Gothic windows. The steel tank held 300 cubic meters of water. The tower was rebuilt in 1938. Its height has been reduced a little. Until the 1970s it served the municipal utilities as a water reservoir. After vacancy, it was converted into a residential home in the 1990s.
- Hagenow Land station , a late Classicist building from 1845/46, is considered an important building of this style on the route. The station was once considered an “emigrant station”, as evidenced by the billboards of the Hamburg-America Line , which can be seen on old postcards showing the building. The Keilbahnhof had to establishing the Deutsche Reichsbahn after the First World War, according to its use by two regional railways a "Prussian" and "Mecklenburg" page. The listed building stands empty and is increasingly abandoned to decay. The platform systems were refurbished in 1995/96 to the standard of stops .
- Former railway water tower , about 30 meters high, near the station building. The eleven-story, expressionistically designed brick building was erected in 1926. It is also in a bad state of disrepair and is a listed building.
- Lange Straße, the first street in the village, was once provided with barriers that were closed at night until 1863. Numerous renovated half-timbered houses have been preserved, including No. 82, the oldest preserved house in the city, probably from 1730 (today Stadtkrug). The former residence of the City Senator Jessel, built in 1748, is now part of the museum.
- Bahnhofstrasse with numerous representative buildings from the Wilhelminian era : At Bahnhofstrasse 36, a single-cylinder steam engine from 1902 can be seen, which was once used to drive a mains power unit and woodworking machines.
- Hagenow's smallest house, former side-hall house built around 1751 at Königsstrasse 15
- Fiek'n-Brunnen, erected in May 2007 to complete renovation work on the town hall forecourt. It consists of three life-size bronze figures made by the artist Bernd Streiter in Berlin and a drinking fountain, a column made of sandstone. The two fictional characters Fru Püttelkow and Fiek'n (Low German for Sophie), who are overheard by a shoemaker while gossiping, were staged. Until 1908, the city's central fountain actually stood on the site of the current work of art .
- Bridge ruin north of the urban area between the district Viez and the Gammelin district Bakendorf from the 1930s, which should lead the connecting road over the originally planned route of the Reichsautobahn Hamburg-Berlin . The motorway, which was completed in 1982, runs in a northerly arc around the former route plan, which can still be seen in aerial photographs.
The museum for everyday culture in the Griesen area and the old synagogue at Langen Straße 79 consist of half-timbered buildings typical of a 19th century country town. The land of the arable family Jessel, the councilman Rick and the hat maker Brandt with residential and farm buildings now house exhibitions and collections on the past everyday culture in the region. In 2007, the synagogue of the former Jewish community at Hagenstrasse 48 was reopened as part of the museum and cultural center. The ensemble of community buildings that has been preserved, consisting of a synagogue, school building and car showers, is unique in Mecklenburg.
Cemeteries and monuments
In the Schützenpark there is a small obelisk as a memorial for the victims of the Franco-German War of 1870/71. On Parkstrasse there is a cemetery of honor for the victims of fascism , where 144 victims of the Wöbbelin concentration camp are buried, as well as a cemetery of honor for the dead of the Soviet army . To the left of the wall of honor, a small memorial stone commemorates the Jewish victims of the Shoah , the Jewish cemetery no longer exists. Since 1988, a memorial plaque in Hagenstrasse 48 has been commemorating the burned down synagogue . A memorial stone in Schweriner Strasse commemorates Fritz Reuter . There is a memorial stone on Lindenplatz for the social democratic anti-fascist Friedrich Heincke , who was shot by SA men in 1932 .
Stolpersteine have been in place in Hagenow since July 25, 2009 . These were framed in the sidewalk in Langen Straße, Höhe Mühlenteich. This makes Hagenow one of over 500 places in Germany and Europe where you can find them. On November 3, 2011, further stumbling blocks were added. These remind of the victims of the Nazi era .
Since April 1973 the post office and telecommunications office of the city has had the singers' association "Posthorn", which has developed into a remarkable choir quality and even appeared in major programs on GDR television .
Economy and Infrastructure
In 1991, Hagenow was accepted into the urban development program of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The intention behind this was to revive and also to maintain the typical Mecklenburg retail and commercial structure that characterizes the city. At the same time, the historic center was also to be renovated and made more attractive again. The implementation of these measures led to the fact that today several retail stores line the streets of the old town.
On the outskirts of the city center there are two large industrial and commercial areas, on the one hand a 46- hectare area on Steegener Chaussee, where there are also three combined heat and power plants , and a 62-hectare area in the Sudenhof district along the federal road 321 .
The list includes a selection of larger companies; a detailed overview can be found on the city's website.
- Carl Kühne GmbH & Co. KG
- Landmolkerei Hagenow GmbH (1990–2015 Danone GmbH plant Hagenow , 2015–2018 BMG Berliner Milcheinfuhr-Gesellschaft)
- Mecklenburger Kartoffelveredlung GmbH (part of the Emsland Group )
- Stadtwerke Hagenow
- Food technology Schulte
Hagenow is on the B 321 federal road between Pritzier and Schwerin and on the L 04 state road between Wittenburg and Picher . The Hagenow junction is located north of the city on the A 24 motorway ( Hamburg - Berlin ).
The Ludwigsluster Verkehrsgesellschaft operates a 16-line bus network in Hagenow within the city and to the surrounding regions and districts. There is a central bus station at Hagenow Stadt train station .
The city is served by two railway stations. Hagenow Land is served by the RE 1 regional express line ( Hamburg - Rostock ). The regional train line RB 14 connects Hagenow Stadt via Hagenow Land with Parchim .
The older Hagenow Land station was put into operation with the inauguration of the Berlin-Hamburg railway on October 15, 1846. In 1847 the branch to Schwerin was added and in 1894 the Kaiserbahn to Bad Oldesloe was added. During the construction of the last-mentioned line, the second Hagenow station near the center was set up in 1894 ; it has been referred to as Hagenow City since 2010 .
After the division of Germany at the end of the 1940s, the trains on the line in the direction of Bad Oldesloe only ran to Zarrentin . Passenger traffic on this connection was discontinued in 2000. Since 2002, the city station has been used again by the East German Railway as the end point or start of the railway line in the direction of Ludwigslust and Parchim .
- Elementary schools
- City school at the mill pond
- Evangelical School Dr. Eckart Schwerin
- Regional school with elementary school: Europaschule Hagenow
- Regional school Prof. Dr. Friedrich Heincke
- Robert Stock High School
- Special School Mikado H
- Diesterwegschule special needs school
- Regional vocational training center Hagenow
Several sports clubs are located in Hagenow. The Hagenower SV consists of a soccer, a handball, a bowling, a table tennis and an athletics department. In 2011 the SC AWO Hagenow joined the Hagenower SV.
The SV Hagenow eV emerged in 1990 from the BSG unit Hagenow and each has a volleyball, karate and winter sports department.
In the past, the football team of ASG Vorwärts Hagenow, which was dissolved at the turn of the century, appeared nationwide.
- Kuno Karls, master optician and city chronicler
sons and daughters of the town
- Joachim Gercken (* in the 15th century; † 1544), merchant and mayor of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck
- Heinrich Ludwig Behrens (1787–1839), cartographer, topographer and officer
- Johann Heinrich Runge (1811–1885), master organ builder
- Eduard Paschen (1815–1910), military doctor, most recently general doctor
- Adolph Tackert (1831-1911), forest manager
- Maria Kraus-Boelté , b. Bölte (1836–1918), German-American educator
- Karl Tackert (1837–1929), chamber engineer and mayor of Schwerin
- Friedrich Heincke (1852–1929), zoologist and oceanologist
- Karl Oderich (1856–1915), history, portrait and landscape painter
- Robert Stock (1858–1912), a pioneer in the field of telecommunications
- Heinrich Erythropel (1865–1940), administrative officer and politician (DVP)
- Marcus Runge (1865–1945), organ builder
- Carl Schmidt (1868–1938), coptologist
- Carl Schlüns (1870–1936), engineer, designer at Mercedes Elektra
- Elsbeth Huther (1885–1968), portrait and landscape painter
- Richard Gaettens (1886–1965), chemist and numismatist
- Kurt Schröder (1888–1962), conductor and film composer
- Adolf Hochgraefe (1896–1963), politician (SPD)
- Roland Brinkmann (1898–1995), geologist
- Rudolf Krüger (1898–1968), politician (NSDAP)
- Wilhelm Plog (1903–1986), publicist and editor-in-chief
- Karl Jasmund (1913–2003), mineralogist
- Karl Koß (* 1930), author of radio plays and Low German texts
- Ingeborg Tamm (* 1939), politician (CDU)
- Karl-August Kamilli (* 1945), politician (SDP, SPD)
- Jörg Kröger (* 1955), politician (AfD)
- Detlef Knut (* 1956), author
- Heidrun Dräger (born Raddatz ; * 1958), politician (SPD)
- Andreas von Maltzahn (* 1961), Mecklenburg regional bishop
- Michael Timm (born 1962), boxer
- Roland Regge-Schulz (* 1964), cartoonist
- Stefan Nimke (* 1978), cyclist
- Claudia Graue (* 1981), actress
- Markus Schmidt (* 1985), ice hockey player
- Patrick Ortel (* 1990), radio presenter
- Lukas Pägelow (* 1994), soccer player
Personalities associated with Hagenow
- Ernst Raber (1808–1852), doctor in Hagenow and member of parliament
- Walter Schlee (1915–2013), politician (NDPD), lived in Hagenow
- Siegfried Spantig: Look into a source: Stories about the everyday life of the Hagenow People's Police 1945–1985 . In: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Volume III / 2006.
- Siegfried Spantig: The district culture house in Hagenow 1974 to 1998 . In: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Volume III / 2012.
- Jochen Iggensen: Natural and cultural-historical walks in the district of Hagenow I and II , Hagenow 1982
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- § 12 of the main statute. Retrieved February 6, 2019 . the city
- Ernst Eichler / Hans Walther : City name book of the GDR. VEB Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1988, ISBN 3-323-00007-2
- The Church of Hagenow and the City of Hagenow , Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch , 1855
- Ernst Eichler and Werner Mühlmer: The names of cities in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Ingo Koch Verlag, Rostock 2002, ISBN 3-935319-23-1
- Anja Alert: The Hagenower Wirren 1847, in: Helmut Reinalter (Ed.): Enlightenment - Vormärz - Revolution. (Yearbook of the International Research Center for Democratic Movements in Central Europe from 1770–1850 at the University of Innsbruck Volume 16/17) Frankfurt / M., Berlin, Bern, New York, Paris, Vienna: Lang 1999 ISBN 978-3-631-46850-0
- Bernd Kasten: Persecution and deportation of the Jews in Mecklenburg 1938-1945 . State Center for Civic Education Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Ed.), Schwerin 2008, pp. 38–40, ISBN 978-3-940207-16-6
- Bundeswehr base Hagenow
- Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
- Result of the election for the city council on May 25, 2014
- Result of the election for city council on May 26, 2019
- Left candidate Möller becomes mayor in Hagenow. In: Schweriner Volkszeitung , June 14, 2015
- § 1 of the main statute of the city of Hagenow and its districts. Retrieved February 6, 2019 .
- State of Brandenburg, Ministry of Infrastructure and Regional Planning: Berlin-Hamburg Railway, Classicist station buildings in Brandenburg (PDF file; 5.2 MB)
- List of monuments of the Ludwigslust district. Retrieved February 6, 2019 .
- Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Deutscher Kunstverlag, revision, Munich / Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-422-03081-6 , p. 237
- Memorials and memorials for the workers' movement in the Schwerin district. Schwerin 1980, p. 45.
- December 2011 In: stolpersteine.eu , accessed on February 6, 2019
- Homeland GDR. Adventures. Considerations. Findings. Documents, including Siegfried Spantig: "We held out", Ed. Horst Jäkel, GNN-Verlag Schkeuditz 2015, p. 202, ISBN 978-3-89819-416-7
- Hagenow, Industrie- und Handelseflächen , accessed on January 3, 2016
- Hagenower company , accessed January 9, 2013
- Danone hands over plant in Hagenow to Berlin-based company , accessed March 4, 2016
- mayk: New start for the former Danone factory: Hagenow now has a country dairy | svz.de. Retrieved February 6, 2019 .
- Emsland Group
- Homepage Hagenower SV
- Homepage SV Hagenow eV ( Memento of the original from June 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.