|province||Tierra del Fuego|
The Esperanza Station on Hope Bay
The Esperanza station ( Spanish Base Antártica Esperanza ) is an Argentine research station in the Antarctic . It is located at the northern end of the Antarctic Peninsula on the Trinity Peninsula at Hope Bay (Spanish Bahía Esperanza ).
The station was founded on December 17, 1952 by Captain Jorge Edgar Leal and has operated continuously since then. On June 14, 1962, a sled expedition started from here. Initially built as a military base , seven families settled in the bay in 1978 and, in addition to the military and research facilities, an Argentine village with residential buildings and civil infrastructure was built. In 1979, the Argentine radio station Radio Nacional Arcángel San Gabriel began broadcasting from Esperanza.
The station is the only civil settlement on the Antarctic mainland and, along with the somewhat larger Chilean settlement of Villa Las Estrellas on King George Island, the older of the two only civil settlements in Antarctica . In winter it houses 55 residents, including ten families and two teachers. The Provincial School No. 38 “Julio Argentino Roca” was established in 1978 and has been an independent institution since 1997. By maintaining permanent settlement, Argentina tries to substantiate its claims to the Argentine Antarctic territory. The station now has a tourist infrastructure and has around 1,100 visitors annually. There is an informal open-air museum on the site about the history of transportation in Antarctica.
The average temperatures are -5.5 ° C and fluctuate between -10.8 ° C in winter and 0.2 ° C in summer during the year. On February 6, 2020, a temperature of 18.3 ° C was measured on the ward. The winches can reach speeds of up to 200 km / h.
The station's 43 buildings collectively cover an area of 3744 square meters. Every year four generators consume 180,000 liters of fuel to generate electricity. The research projects include glaciology , seismology , oceanography , coastal ecology , biology , geology and limnology .
The Esperanza station is the birthplace of Emilio Palma (born January 7, 1978), the first person born on the Antarctic mainland. The Argentine civil status register records a total of eight people born between 1978 and 1983 in the Esperanza ward.
- Official website Direccion Nacional del Antartico (Spanish)
- Site of the Fundaciòn Marambio Esperanza station
- COMNAP Antarctic Facilities ( Memento of August 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (English)
- COMNAP Antarctic Facilities Map (English)
- Ingo Heidbrink: The informal open-air museum of Antarctic transportation at Base Esperanza . In: The Journal of Transport History . tape 37 , no. 2 , August 2016, ISSN 0022-5266 , p. 258-262 , doi : 10.1177 / 0022526616654703 .
- Warmest day in Argentine Antarctica. In: Tagesschau.de. February 7, 2020, accessed February 7, 2020 .
- Emilio Marcos Palma - the first "Antarctic". In: DiePresse.com. January 7, 2014, accessed October 11, 2016 .
- "Base Esperanza" registry office , source: Argentine Armed Forces.