Feliciano Scarpellini

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Feliciano Scarpellini (also Félicien Scarpellini) (* 20th October 1762 in Foligno in the former Papal States , † November 29 or 1. December 1840 in Rome ) was a French -italienischer physicist , astronomer and politician .


Scarpellini was born in Foligno in 1762, the son of Filippo Scarpellini and Caterina Piermarini, sister of the architect Giuseppe Piermarini . He studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University and at the Collegio Umbro-Fuccioli and became abbot. He then first became tutor in the house of Marchese Frangipani . In 1794 he took over the post of rector of the Collegio Umbro-Fuccioli, to which he built and made a laboratory available at his own expense. He befriended Gaspard Monge , who came to Rome as part of Napoleon Bonaparte's Italian campaign . In 1801 he founded the Caetani Academy together with Gioacchino Pessuti , of which he was the abbot . She later went to the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei .

Until 1814, Scarpellini was also director of the Specola Caetani observatory. Two years later he was appointed professor of physics and astronomy at La Sapienza University in Rome. He held this chair until his death. He was also director of the university's astronomical observatory. He also brought his niece and astronomer Caterina Scarpellini here as an assistant. He also founded the observatory on the Capitol .


During the short period of the Roman Republic he was a tribune . Later he was from 1811 to 1814 at the time of the French annexation of the papal territories as Félicien Scarpellini member of the Corps législatif , the legislative assembly of France for the "Départements de l'Empire français aujourd'hui en Italie".

honors and awards

  • In Rome, Via Feliciano Scarpellini is named after him.
  • There is also a street named after him in his native Foligno.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ernst Gotthelf Gersdorf : Repertory of the Entire German Literature , Volume 26 for 1840, Page 35 limited preview in the Google book search
  2. a b Félicien, Camille, Joseph, Nicolas Scarpellini assemblee-nationale.fr
  3. Accademia dei Lincei lincei.it
  4. Feliciano Scarpellini hieracostui.com
  5. Via Feliciano Scarpellini Roma tuttocitta.it
  6. ^ Via Feliciano Scarpellini Foligno