Peace of Passarowitz
The Peace of Passarowitz ended the Venetian-Austrian Turkish War . He was on July 21, 1718 in Passarowitz, today's Požarevac in Serbia, between Charles VI. and Venice on the one hand and Sultan Ahmed III. on the other hand completed.
The Ottoman Empire ceded the Temescher Banat and Little Wallachia (in today's Romania ) as well as northern Serbia with Belgrade and a border strip in northern Bosnia to Austria . Through these gains, the Austrian Habsburg reached its greatest territorial expansion. With the exception of the Banat, the areas were lost again after a few years with the Peace of Belgrade (1739).
Venice had to do without the Morea (Peloponnese), which was recaptured by the Turks in 1715 , but kept the fortresses Butrinto , Parga , Prevesa and Vonitza on the Greek and Albanian mainland as well as the Ionian Islands , including Corfu , Santa Maura ( Lefkada ), Cefalonia ( Kefalonia ) and Cerigo ( Kythera ).
As a result of the peace treaty, trade agreements were also concluded, according to which Turkish subjects enjoyed freedom of trade in the territory of the monarchy.
- Erik Gornik: “Wonderfully wounded in the Turkish way”. The album on the Austrian-Ottoman exchange of ambassadors in 1719 , in: Annual Report 2017 of the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum (Vienna 2018), ISBN 978-3-902551-81-8 , pp. 23–34
- Charles Ingrao, Nikola Samardžić, Jovan Pesalj (eds.): The peace of Passarowitz, 1718 . Purdue University Press, West Lafayette 2011, ISBN 978-1-55753-594-8 .
- Treaty text (Kaiser, Ottoman Empire) : European peace treaties of the premodern online , Leibniz Institute for European History Mainz .
- Treaty text (Ottoman Empire, Venice) : European pre-modern peace treaties online, Leibniz Institute for European History Mainz.