Friedrich Sebald Ringelhardt

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Friedrich Sebald Ringelhardt

Friedrich Sebald Ringelhardt (born April 17, 1785 in Ostrau (Petersberg) , † December 24, 1855 in Schönefeld (Leipzig) ) was a German actor, theater director and theater director .

Live and act

Ringelhardt first began studying law at the University of Halle from 1804 to 1806 , but then switched to acting. He made his debut in Magdeburg in 1806 and subsequently received arrangements in Rudolstadt with Georg Dengler, in Amberg with Edmund von Weber and on the stages of Ansbach, Karlsbad, Bayreuth and Nuremberg. Subsequently, Ringelhardt was under contract in the seasons 1808/1809 with Franz Seconda in Dresden, 1809/1810 in Riga, 1810/1811 with the Königsberg drama troupe of Carl Steinberg in Elbing and 1811/1812 in Danzig. After a guest appearance in 1812 with the Danzig Ensemble in Breslau , Ringelhardt was hired by the Breslau theater management as an actor and theater director. He stayed there until 1816 and in the meantime married the singer and actress Victorine Weyrauch in 1814.

Following a tour to Brno, Vienna, Pest and Prague, among others, Ringelhardt was engaged as theater director in Bremen from the 1816 season, initially together with Carl Gerber. After a guest appearance in May / June 1820 in the ensemble of Josef Derossi , he was taken over as Derossis co-director and managed the winter seasons in Cologne from September 1820 to May 1821 on his behalf. Between 1822 and 1832 he worked as an independent theater director, among other things, continued to work for the winter program in Cologne, from 1823 to 1825 at the Old Comedy House and then until 1828 at the Aachen Theater , and in the meantime also in Bonn in 1826/1827 and from 1828 in Trier and from 1830 in Koblenz.

From 1832 to 1844 Ringelhardt was appointed theater director at the Alte Theater in Leipzig . There he gathered all kinds of talents, including the artist family Albert Lortzing , the opera singer August Kindermann and the later leader of the March Revolution of 1848/49 , Robert Blum , whom he had already hired at the Cologne theater as a theater secretary, librarian and box office assistant. The time in Leipzig was also the most successful for Ringelhardt thanks to the balanced program and the selected artists, which, however, caused envious people and critics, especially Heinrich Laube , in the days of Vormärz . He had tried since 1835 to incite the city council against Ringelhardt in order to prevent the extension of the contract with Ringelhardt in 1838. But after a petition from the Lortzing family and other artists in the ensemble, Laubes's request was not granted and the contract was instead extended to 1844. Ringelhardt then took over the management of the theater in Riga from 1845 to 1850, before he finally retired and died five years later in Schönefeld near Leipzig.

Ringelhardt and Lortzing

Friedrich Sebald Ringelhardt was an important sponsor of the young Albert Lortzing, whom he had already met in the ensemble of Josef Derossi in Aachen. From his time as theater director in Cologne, he brought him and his wife Rosina Regina Ahles into his ensemble as singer and actor. Albert Lortzing's level of fame rose rapidly and he was celebrated as a public favorite everywhere. Even when Ringelhardt moved to Leipzig in 1832, he engaged the Lortzing family, including Albert Lortzing's parents, who were also active as actors, at the Old Theater in Leipzig. Ringelhardt, who like all stage directors at that time mainly included Italian and French fashion operas in the program, saw Albert Lortzing's popularity prompt him to perform him as a German composer to the audience and to perform his first comic operas. Lortzing celebrated great success in this area and then sought the position of Kapellmeister in Leipzig. However, Ringelhardt refused him because he considered him a good actor and composer, but did not yet consider him suitable for the work of the conductor. Only when Ringelhardt moved to Riga was Lortzing engaged as Kapellmeister in Leipzig.


His daughter was the actress Therese Ringelhardt , his son-in-law the actor Wilhelm Baumeister , and his granddaughter Antonie Baumeister .


  • Ludwig Eisenberg : Ringelhardt, Friedrich Sebold , in: Large Biographical Lexicon of the German Theaters in the XIX. Century . Paul List, Leipzig 1903, p. 834 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive )
  • Klaus Schulte, Peter Sardoc: From Ringelhardt to Mundorf, artists and personalities of the Aachen city theater . Verlag Josef Stippak, Aachen 1977

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Vita Edmund von Weber
  2. ^ Vita Franz Seconda
  3. Vita Victorine Weyrauch
  4. Otto Werner Förster: Lortzing and Consorten, in: Leipziger Blätter
  5. ^ Georg Richard Kruse: Albert Lortzing, Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig 1914