Friedrich von Kalitsch
Friedrich von Kalitsch (born October 28, 1858 in Dessau , † January 8, 1938 at Gut Bärenthoren , Province of Saxony ) was a German forester . Kalitsch founded the Bärenthorener pine economy , which is considered the cradle of the German pine forest . He was chamberlain and lord of the manor at Bärenthoren.
Friedrich von Kalitsch was a grandson of the district administrator and chamberlain of the same name, Friedrich von Kalitsch, who on January 12, 1843 bought the former manor Polenzko and Bärenthoren on the southern edge of the Hohen Fläming . In 1884 Kalitsch inherited the estate in Polenzko from his father Hermann von Kalitsch (1818-1891), who was married to Klara Wilhelmine Christiane von Hedemann (1826-1903). At that time he was the Royal Prussian Forest Assessor at the Magdeburg Forest.
Friedrich von Kalitsch married Marie von Wedel (born November 1, 1873 in Hanover ; † February 20, 1948 in Eimbeckhausen , Lower Saxony ) on September 29, 1892 at Gut Kutzerow (today a part of Uckerland , Uckermark district , Brandenburg ). He then had a castle built in Bärenthoren for his wife and himself.
In 1923, the Eberswalde Forestry University, today's Eberswalde University of Applied Sciences , awarded him an honorary doctorate for his services . Kalitsch is buried in the Bärenthoren Castle Park, which he designed into a landscape park in 1920 . The burial site and park can be visited, while the castle now houses a DRK care center.
Work and meaning
Kalitsch founded the Bärenthorener pine economy in 1884 , which replaced the previous clear-cutting economy and is considered the origin of the permanent pine forest economy. With the new land management, it received the forest character as a "circumferential system".
Kalitsch was way ahead of his time with his work and is still important in forest science discussions today. In the specialist journal AFZ / DerWald Günter Pietschmann wrote in 1999: […] give cause to commemorate the achievements of this man, who like hardly any other forester the history of forestry through his work in the Bärenthoren district in this century, especially in the 20s and 30s has also influenced our time today.
193 hectares of the von Kalitsch'en forest are now designated as a forest cultural monument. A forest nature trail explains his work.
- Jeber-Bergfrieden - Bärenthoren - Krakau - Ragösen , cycling and hiking tours, tour no. 8, flyer of the Fläming Nature Park eV, Jeber-Bergfrieden May 2006, without ISBN
- Educational trails in the Fläming / Saxony-Anhalt Nature Park, Flyer of the Fläming Nature Park eV, Jeber-Bergfrieden 2006, without ISBN online PDF ( Memento from September 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Günter Pietschmann (compilation): Literature collection on the history of the Bärenthoren district, the Friedrich Kalitsch family and the permanent forest . State forest administration Saxony-Anhalt, Magdeburg 2002
- Günter Pietschmann: On the history of the Bärenthoren district . 2nd, unchanged edition. Series forest in Saxony-Anhalt (no. 97.01). Published by the State Forest Administration Saxony-Anhalt in collaboration with the German Forest Association Saxony-Anhalt eV State Forest Administration Saxony-Anhalt, Magdeburg 2001, 54 pp.
- Günter Pietschmann: On the history of the Bärenthoren district. In memoriam Dr. h c. Friedrich von Kalitsch . In: AFZ / DerWald , 54th year, issue 1/1999, pp. 34–35,
- Hasel, K., Schwartz, E .: Forest history. 3rd edition, Kessel Verlag, Remagen, ISBN 3-935638-26-4 .
- Günter Pietschmann: On the history of the Bärenthoren district. In memoriam Dr. h c. Friedrich von Kalitsch . In: AFZ / DerWald , 54th year, issue 1/1999, p. 34.
|SURNAME||Kalitsch, Friedrich von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German forester|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 28, 1858|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dessau , Saxony-Anhalt|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 8, 1938|
|Place of death||Bärenthoren Estate , Province of Saxony|