Friedrich von Schmidlin

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Karl Friedrich Schmidlin , from 1902 by Schmidlin , (born September 1, 1847 in Wangen, Oberamt Göppingen ; † May 1, 1932 in Stuttgart ) was a civil servant and from 1906 to 1917 Minister of Justice of the Kingdom of Württemberg .


Friedrich Schmidlin came from an old Württemberg family of so-called honesty , which had produced many theologians and officials. He was the posthumously born son of the evangelical pastor and poet Karl Schmidlin (* 1805, † 1847) and his widow Julie Pauline von Küster (* 1803; † 1873), daughter of the royal Prussian diplomat and real secret council Johann Emanuel von Küster (* 1764; † 1833) from Berlin. Schmidlin's mother was a very talented painter and left a series of impressive testimonies to her stay in Italy and the Biedermeier life of the pastor's family in the Swabian village parsonage in Wangen. Schmidlin had three older siblings, of whom his older brother died early. Friedrich Schmidlin's mother Julie cultivated a close friendship with her patron Marie von Weishaar in Koengen , the widow of the politician Jakob Friedrich von Weishaar . On his father's side, Friedrich Schmidlin's uncle Eduard von Schmidlin was Württemberg Minister of Culture and his grandfather Christoph Friedrich von Schmidlin was Württemberg Minister of the Interior.


Friedrich Schmidlin experienced his childhood and school days with the family of his widowed mother in Stuttgart and the godmother Marie von Weishaar ("Mrs. Dote") in the castle of Köngen as well as with the extended Schmidlin family. As a student at the Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium , he belonged to a select group of boys who were brought up together with Prince Wilhelm , who later became king. Schmidlin studied law at the University of Tübingen and passed the two legal exams in 1870 and 1871, each with great success. During his student years, he joined the Tübingen fraternity Germania in 1865 . After a time as a judicial administrator in Brackenheim and at the Stuttgart city court, in 1874 he took up a permanent position as a judicial assessor at the Waiblingen Higher Regional Court . In the same position he was transferred to the civil department of the Stuttgart City Court in 1877. On October 1, 1879, he came to Heilbronn as a district judge and in October 1885 as a district judge in Hall . In 1888 he was appointed assistant judge at the Higher Regional Court in Stuttgart and in December 1889 he joined the Württemberg Ministry of Justice as a lecturer. He took over the personnel department for the senior judicial officers. From 1890 onwards, he was also a commissioner at the Reichsbank headquarters in Stuttgart. In October 1896 Schmidlin was promoted to the Real Council of State and full member of the Privy Council , in the summer of 1900 he was appointed President of the Higher Regional Court, and a little later also President of the State Court. As the successor to Wilhelm August von Breitling , Schmidlin was appointed Minister of Justice in the newly formed Weizsäcker government on December 8, 1906 .

Württemberg Minister of Justice

Schmidlin placed the special focus of his official activities as the Württemberg Minister of Justice on concern for young people. In particular in juvenile criminal proceedings, in addition to the necessary administration of criminal justice, the educational character should not be neglected. So the so-called conditional pardon was designed, the welfare education system was flanked with socio-ethical aspects and the professional guardianship was introduced. He paid great attention to the numerous requests for clemency and decided even small and insignificant cases himself after thorough examination.

Another focus of Schmidlin's tenure was improving the training of civil servants, which included structuring the preparatory service for trainee lawyers. Schmidlin retired on December 3, 1917.



Individual evidence

  1. Eberhard von Georgii-Georgenau: Biographisch-Genealogische Blätter from and about Swabia . Emil Müller Verlag, Stuttgart 1878, p. 840 f.
  2. Michael Mildenberger: Soul languages ​​- Karl Schmidlin 1805-1847: A Swabian pastor and poet , Einhorn Verlag, Schwäbisch Gmünd 2007, ISBN 978-3-936373-38-7 , p. 28.
  3. ^ Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Sub-Volume 5: R – S. Winter, Heidelberg 2002, ISBN 3-8253-1256-9 , pp. 264-265.
  4. ^ Court and State Handbook of the Kingdom of Württemberg , 1907, p. 33.
  5. a b Court and State Handbook of the Kingdom of Württemberg 1914, p. 26.