Gabriele Falloppio

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Gabriele Falloppio, portrait by an unknown artist from the 16th century

Gabriele Falloppio (also called Fallopio , Falloppia and Faloppio ; * 1523 in Modena , † October 9, 1562 in Padua ) was an Italian anatomist and surgeon . He is better known under his Latinized name Fallopius . He is considered a co-founder of modern anatomy and was one of the most important doctors of the 16th century.


Falloppio grew up in poor circumstances and was initially destined for the clergy and studied classical sciences for two years before taking up medical studies. In 1544 he carried out his first public section, in 1545 he began studying medicine in Ferrara , where he was a student of Andreas Vesalius and received his doctorate in 1552. In Ferrara he taught materia medica from 1547 and was appointed professor of anatomy in 1548. From 1548 to 1551 he taught anatomy as a professor and chair holder in Pisa , and after he had been offered the chair of surgery and materia medica, including teaching botany, at the University of Padua as the second successor of Vesal in 1551. With numerous sections he carried out himself , he contributed to the explosion of anatomical knowledge in the 16th century. He contributed particularly detailed descriptions of the structure of the hearing organ. In addition, he set new accents in the description of the fallopian tube , which is why it is also known as the Fallopp tube or Tuba uterina (Fallopii) - in the English-speaking world: Fallopian tube.

Gabriele Falloppio explained the morphological independence of the two sets of teeth , named the tooth follicle for the first time and described four different obturators .

The first scientifically reliable mention of syphilis , which is often shamefully concealed, is his book De morbo Gallico ("On the French Disease"). He recommended linen bags soaked with medicines and inorganic salts against the spreading syphilis (possibly introduced from the newly discovered America). Falloppio is therefore often mistaken for the inventor of the condom .

Falloppio's students in the field of anatomy included Joachim Camerarius the Younger and Georg Marius .


  • Observationes anatomicae. Venice 1561.
  • De morbo Gallico. Venice 1564.
  • Art book of the hocherfarnen and weytberhümpten Mr. Gabrielis Fallopij, the Artzney Doctorn of many useful arts. Sampt another Buchlin / passed out through Christophorum Landrinum. Augsburg (1571 and 1578) Digitized edition of the University and State Library of Düsseldorf . - The art book contains, for example, medical and technical prescriptions as well as advice for the home and garden.
  • Opera omnia. Venice 1584.
  • Gabrielis Fallopii Miraculous Human Life of Certain and Very Useful Secrets of Three Books: Published by the Authore himself in the Italian language, but now translated into our mother tongue for good quality by the German Nation . Franckfurt am Mayn 1616 Digitized edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf

Web links


  • Barbara I. Tshisuaka: Falloppia, Gabriele. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 391 f.
  • Öncel Çağatay: One of the Great Pioneers of Anatomy: Gabriele Falloppio (1523-1562). In: Bezmialem Science. 2016 (3), pp. 123–126 (doi 10.14235 / bs.2016.634) - ( digitized version (PDF) ).

Individual evidence

  1. a b Wolfgang U. Eckart, Christoph Gradmann (Hrsg.): Doctors Lexicon: From antiquity to the present . 3. Edition. Springer Medizin Verlag, Heidelberg 2006, ISBN 978-3-540-29584-6 , p. 114 .
  2. Ullrich Rainer Otte: Jakob Calmann Linderer (1771-1840). A pioneer in scientific dentistry. Medical dissertation, Würzburg 2002, p. 17.
  3. ^ Rolf Heyers: Dr. Georg Marius, called Mayer von Würzburg (1533-1606). (Dental) medical dissertation Würzburg 1957, p. 12 and 104.
  4. Robert Herrlinger : Volcher Coiter, 1534-1576. Habilitation thesis. University of Würzburg 1952, p. 93.