The merchant's son Herrlinger studied medicine at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg until 1938 and art history until 1941 at the University of Jena , where he worked as an assistant at the Institute for Anatomy and Physiology at that time . Under Hermann Voss , he worked from October 1942 as a senior assistant at the Anatomical Institute of the University of Posen , where he completed his habilitation in 1943 and became a private lecturer in anatomy.
After the war , he ran a country doctor's practice with his wife in Münchsteinach and from 1949 was also a lecturer for “Introduction to the Study of Medicine (Hodgetics)” at the University of Regensburg . Herrlinger also tried to get a professorship for anatomy at the Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg , but this was not given to him, mainly because of the influence of the professor for internal medicine and emigrants during the National Socialism Ernst Wollheim . Instead he studied the history of medicine in Würzburg . In 1951 he was appointed professor there, held lectures on the history of medicine from the winter semester 1951/52, received the Venia legendi for "History of Medicine" in July 1952 and took over the provisional leadership as the successor to Georg Sticker , who retired in 1934, in 1952/53 of the Institute for the History of Medicine, officially re-established after the Second World War on March 13, 1953, in the building of the Anatomical Institute. Together with the anatomist Curt Elze , he rebuilt the subject of medical history in Würzburg after the Second World War. In 1961 Herrlinger was in second place on the list of appointments for the newly established chair for the history of medicine at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg . However, the call went to Heinrich Schipperges , who had worked in Kiel until then. In 1962 Herrlinger accepted the chair for the history of medicine at the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel . He worked there until his death in 1968. Herrlinger died of a heart attack.
Robert Herrlinger was one of the first, after the Second World War in Germany dealt with the history of the hospital system in teaching and research. He published fundamental scientific articles on this. From 1958 to 1961 he was the defining editor of the (new) journal for advanced medical training . In Würzburg, from March 1957 to May 1962, he published communications from the (Georg Sticker) Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Würzburg . The German Society for Hospital History was founded in 1964 on his initiative. Herrlinger also drafted the association's articles of association. He gained an international reputation as a medical historian with a profound knowledge of anatomy and medical illustration.
- Deputy Secretary General of the International Academy of the History of Medicine
- President of the Society for the History of Science (GWG)
- President of the German Society for Hospital History e. V.
Behavior in the Nazi era
During the Nazi era , the Anatomical Institute of the University of Posen under Hermann Voss and his staff benefited from close cooperation with the Gestapo . They made preparations immediately after the killing of Polish prisoners, and a lively trade in skeletons and skulls developed. Herrlinger even took part in the guillotine executions there for his habilitation on the spleen, which he obtained in 1944, in order to be able to carry out examinations on the bodies of the executed seconds later. In 1947 he published the knowledge he had gained in this way without hiding how he had obtained it. The corpses prepared with formalin and found in the Poznan Institute in 1945 showed signs of torture.
- The splenic vessels of the white rats. Dissertation . University of Heidelberg, 1938.
- The spleen. Wehr / Baden 1958 (= Ciba magazine 8, 1958, No. 90).
- The arbitrary respiratory arrest as a functional test. In: Z Entire Exp Med. 109, 1941, pp. 357-362 doi: 10.1007 / BF02611518
- Preface. In: Erich Schöner: The four-way scheme in ancient humoral pathology. With a foreword and a table by Robert Herrlinger (= Sudhoffs Archive for the History of Medicine and Natural Sciences. Supplement 4). Steiner, Wiesbaden 1964, (at the same time: Kiel, University, Dissertation, 1964), .
- with H. Voss: Taschenbuch der Anatomie. 14./15. Edition. Gustav-Fischer-Verlag, 1975, ISBN 3-437-00168-X .
- Body proportions in the XIVth century. In: Marburger Jahrbuch für Kunstwissenschaft 14th publishing house of the Art History Institute of the Philipps University, Marburg 1949.
- with Marielene Putscher: History of Medical Illustration. Moos Verlag, Munich 1967 (Bans 1: Antiquity up to 1600 ) and 1972, ISBN 3-7879-0060-8 .
- The fate of the wooden printing blocks for Vesal's anatomical textbook. In: Munich Medical Weekly (1950). Volume 93, Number 12, March 1951, pp. 613-616, PMID 14833327 . .
- Volcher Coiter , 1534-1576. (Habilitation thesis University of Würzburg), Nuremberg 1952.
- The development of medical history teaching at the Julius Maximilians University. Messages from the Georg Sticker Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Würzburg, Issue 1 (March 1957), pp. 1–8
- The Nobel Prize Winners in Medicine: A Chapter in the History of Medicine. Moos Verlag, Munich 1963.
- The history of the medical indication of the arteficial abortion. In: Arztl Mitt. 41, 1963, pp. 2081-2086.
- with E. Feiner: Why did Vesalius not discover the fallopian tubes? In: Medical history. Volume 8, October 1964, pp. 335-341, PMID 14230138 . PMC 1033409 (free full text). .
- with Fridolf Kudlien : Early Anatomy. From Mondino to Malpighi . Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart 1967, p. 306.
- The battered skin in the baroque anatomical title copper. In: Negotiations of the XX. International Congress for the History of Medicine, Berlin, August 22-27 , 1966. Hildesheim 1968, pp. 474–496.
- Edith Feiner: Bibliography Robert Herrlinger (1917–1968). In: Messages from the Institute for the History of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Kiel. Special issue, June 1970.
- Michael Quick: Bibliography Robert Herrlinger (1914–1968). Corrections, additions and comments on Edith Feiner's preliminary work. In: Würzburger medical history reports 8, 1990, pp. 307-324.
- Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich . Who was what before and after 1945 . 2nd Edition. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 .
- Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Third Reich: Who was what before and after 1945. Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 247.
- M. Kessler: From Hippocrates to Hitler. Medicine without humanity. In: UTOPIE Kreativ. 182 (2005), pp. 1132-1136. (PDF; 76 kB)
- The history of medicine as a subject in Würzburg since 1935. Messages from the Georg Sticker Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Würzburg, issue 1 (March 1957), pp. 9-14; P. 10
- German Society for Internal Medicine eV: Ernst Wollheim.
- Robert Herrlinger: The development of medical history teaching at the Julius Maximilians University. Messages from the Georg Sticker Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Würzburg, Issue 1 (March 1957), pp. 1–8, pp. 7 f .; and The history of medicine as a subject in Würzburg since 1935. Messages from the Georg Sticker Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Würzburg, Issue 1 (March 1957), pp. 9-14; P. 9 f.
- Michael Quick (1990), p. 307
- The medical historiography in Heidelberg
- H. Röhrig: Obituary Professor Robert Herrlinger. In: Med Hist. 12, 1968, pp. 303-304. PMC 1033842 (free full text)
- Michael Quick (1990), pp. 308 and 313
- Michael Quick (1990), p. 313
- Presentation of the founding of the German Society for Hospital History
- Christoph Mörgeli, Anke Jobmann: Erwin H. Ackerknecht and the Berg / Rath affair of 1964. On German medical historians coming to terms with the past. In: Medicine, Society and History. Volume 16, 1997, pp. 63-124, here: p. 90.
- Götz Aly: The Poznan diary of the anatomist Hermann Voss. In: Biedermann and desk clerk. Materials on German perpetrator biography. Contributions to the National Socialist health and social policy. Volume 4, Berlin 1987, pp. 32, 62 and 64 f.
- Olaf Edward Majewski: Medicine at the Imperial University of Posen (1941-1945) and the Polish Underground University of the Western Areas UZZ (1942-1945). Medical dissertation Heidelberg 2012, p. 163.
- Robert Herrlinger: The blood in the human splenic vein. In: Anatomischer Anzeiger . Volume 96, 1947, pp. 226-234.
- D. Bohde: Pellis Memoriae Peccatorum. The moralization of the skin in frontispieces and anatomy theaters in the Netherlands in the 17th century - a blind spot in medical history after 1945. ( Memento of June 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 6.3 MB) In: Dissections - Anatomy and Perception in the early modern period. (= Time leaps 9.1 (2005)). edited by Albert Schirrmeister with the assistance of Mathias Pozsgai. Frankfurt 2005, pp. 327-358.
- G. Aly: The more, the better. About dealing with preparations made by Nazi victims before 1945 and after . In: The time . No. 6, February 3, 1989.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German anatomist and medical historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 24, 1914|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Antwerp|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 8, 1968|
|Place of death||Kiel|