Georg Elias Müller
Müller was the second son of Pastor August Friedrich Müller and his wife Rosalie Zehme. After graduating from high school, Müller first studied philosophy and history for two years at the universities of Leipzig and Berlin before volunteering as a supply soldier for the Prussian elite regiment "Alexander".
After his return he spent another semester in Leipzig under the supervision of his mentor Moritz Wilhelm Drobisch , before he moved to Rudolf Hermann Lotze at the University of Göttingen in 1872 . There he heard u. a. Lectures by Gustav Theodor Fechner and Hermann von Helmholtz until he finally received his doctorate in 1873 .
In the summer semester of 1880, Müller was appointed to the University of Chernivtsi , initially as an associate professor of philosophy, and from October 1880 as a full professor. In the summer semester of 1881, Müller returned to the University of Göttingen, as the successor to Rudolf Hermann Lotze on the chair of philosophy. There he founded the psychological institute - the second in the world after Leipzig - in 1887, which achieved great importance in experimental psychology .
In 1904 he founded the Society for Experimental Psychology , a forerunner of the German Society for Psychology . In 1911 he was elected a full member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . From 1914 he was a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . In 1933 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .
- On the foundation of psychophysics. Critical contributions . Greaves, Berlin 1878.
- Muscle contraction theory . Published by von Veit & Co., Leipzig 1891
- For the analysis of sensitivity to difference: Experimental contributions . Publisher: by Johann Ambrosius Barth, Leipzig 1899 with Lillien Jane Martin
- Experimental contributions to the study of memory (1894, with Friedrich Schumann )
- The points of view and the facts of the psychophysical methodology . Reprinted separately from: Results of Physiology . II. Department, II. Year, edited by L. Asher (Bern) a. K. Spiro (Strasbourg). Bergmann, Wiesbaden 1904.
- For the analysis of memory activity and the course of imagination . Barth, Leipzig 1911.
- Complex theory and Gestalt theory. A contribution to perceptual psychology . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1923.
- Outline of Psychology . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1924.
- About the color sensations. Psychophysical examination . Barth, Leipzig 1930.
- Volker Zimmermann: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , p. 393 f. ( ). In:
- Literature by and about Georg Elias Müller in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography on the website of the Georg Elias Müller Institute for Psychology in Göttingen
- Georg Elias Müller in: International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 1968
- Georg Elias Müller in: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
- GE Müller: The Shaper of Experimental Psychology . by Edward J. Haupt Montclair State University
- Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 174.
|SURNAME||Müller, Georg Elias|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Müller, Georg Elias Nathanael (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German psychologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 20, 1850|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Grimma|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 23, 1934|
|Place of death||Goettingen|