Georg Elias Müller

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Georg Elias Müller
Stadtfriedhof Göttingen, grave of Professor Georg Elias Müller

Georg Elias Nathanael Müller (born July 20, 1850 in Grimma , † December 23, 1934 in Göttingen ) was a German psychologist .


Müller was the second son of Pastor August Friedrich Müller and his wife Rosalie Zehme. After graduating from high school, Müller first studied philosophy and history for two years at the universities of Leipzig and Berlin before volunteering as a supply soldier for the Prussian elite regiment "Alexander".

After his return he spent another semester in Leipzig under the supervision of his mentor Moritz Wilhelm Drobisch , before he moved to Rudolf Hermann Lotze at the University of Göttingen in 1872 . There he heard u. a. Lectures by Gustav Theodor Fechner and Hermann von Helmholtz until he finally received his doctorate in 1873 .

In the summer semester of 1880, Müller was appointed to the University of Chernivtsi , initially as an associate professor of philosophy, and from October 1880 as a full professor. In the summer semester of 1881, Müller returned to the University of Göttingen, as the successor to Rudolf Hermann Lotze on the chair of philosophy. There he founded the psychological institute - the second in the world after Leipzig - in 1887, which achieved great importance in experimental psychology .

In 1904 he founded the Society for Experimental Psychology , a forerunner of the German Society for Psychology . In 1911 he was elected a full member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . From 1914 he was a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . In 1933 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .



Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 174.