Grete Albrecht

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Grete Albrecht

Elfriede Margarete "Grete" Albrecht (born Hieber ; born August 17, 1893 in Hamburg-Eilbek ; † August 5, 1987 in Braunlage ) was a German neurologist , psychotherapist and president of the German Medical Association (1955–1965).


Grete Albrecht was the daughter of the brewery director Albert Friedrich Hieber and his wife Charlotte Emilie nee. Kammann. She graduated from high school in Hamburg in 1913 and then studied medicine in Munich , Freiburg im Breisgau , Kiel and Berlin until 1918 . After the state examination and the license to practice medicine (1919) she worked as a substitute in clinic and practice. She married the lawyer Siegfried Ludwig Hermann Albrecht (1890-1967) on April 23, 1919 and had two children, including the later lawyer Hans-Christian , father of the terrorist Susanne Albrecht . In 1920 she received her doctorate in Berlin .

Gravestone “Dr. Grete Albrecht ”
in the women's garden

She worked in a Hamburg hospital, two years on the internal medicine ward, and a few months on the skin and sexually transmitted diseases ward. From 1928 to 1929 she did her advanced training with Ernst Kretschmer in Marburg and then worked at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf . In 1931 she settled in Hamburg as a neurologist down and became a member of the Federal German doctors . In 1932 she graduated as a specialist in nervous diseases. In 1934, at its general meeting, she was commissioned to continue the campaign she had begun at the Reich Labor Ministry to prevent special provisions for married colleagues. In 1935 she became the managing director of the federal government, which she left the following year when she lost her license to register because her husband was considered a " first degree Jewish half-breed " under the Nuremberg Race Act .

After the end of Nazi rule, she resumed her neurological practice in 1945. Their marriage was divorced on June 25, 1947. From 1955 to 1965 she was President of the German Association of Women Doctors and from 1958 to 1962 she was Vice-President of the International Association of Women Doctors. In 1962 Grete Albrecht was awarded the Paracelsus Medal of the German Medical Association.

Grete Albrecht died in Braunlage in 1987, she was buried in the area of ​​the grave complex “Dr. Siegfried Albrecht and Family ”is buried in the Hamburg cemetery in Ohlsdorf . The tombstone has been in the women's garden since May 2020 .

Works (selection)

  • Concerning the simultaneous occurrence of carcinoma and tuberculosis in one organ. In: Journal of Cancer Research . Vol. 17 (1920), H. 3, pp. 523-535 (dissertation).
  • On the situation of female doctors in Germany. In: The doctor. Vol. 9 (1933), pp. 242-245, 253-262.
  • Autobiography. In: Leone McGregor Hellstedt (Ed.): Women Physicians of the World. Autobiographies of Medical Pioneers. Hemisphere Publishing, Washington / London 1978, pp. 109-112.


  • Three Hamburg doctors 80 years old. In: Bulletin of the German Medical Association. Vol. 55, 1966, p. 9.

Web links

Commons : Grete Albrecht  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hamburg, Germany, Selected Birth Records, 1874–1899 [database on-line], Standesamt Hamburg 22, register number 1409/1893
  2. a b Hamburg, Germany, Selected Marriage Registers, 1874–1920 [database on-line], Hamburg registry office 3a, register number 222/1919
  3. Gerhard Mauz : A phenomenon of despair. About Susanne Albrecht and others. In: Der Spiegel. 1977, no. 33 (August 8), p. 32 f., Accessed on March 30, 2016.
  4. History of the DÄB , website of the German Medical Association, accessed on March 30, 2016.
  5. List of names of the grave complex “Dr. Siegfried Albrecht and Family ” at