The HAK Association ( Portuguese Associação Hak , tetum Asosiasaun HAK , formerly Yayasan HAK ) is an East Timorese non-governmental organization . HAK is an abbreviation for the Indonesian words "Hukum" ( German law ), "Hak Asasi" (basic rights) and "Keadilan" (justice) . The HAK Association is based on Rua Karketu Mota-ain (formerly Rua Gov. Serpa Rosa), Bairo Farol in Dili . There are branches, so-called Volkshäuser, in Baucau , Maubisse and Maliana .
History and activities
The HAK Association was founded on August 20, 1996 by East Timorese activists as a legal advice office. East Timor had been under Indonesian occupation since 1975 . The HAK Association offered legal assistance to arrested independence activists. She also tried to make the world public aware of the human rights violations by the Indonesian occupiers. On March 23, 1997, the office was rededicated to the HAK Foundation, which in November 2002, in the already independent East Timor, became today's HAK Association.
Since the Indonesians withdrew in September 1999, the HAK has been working towards the realization of an East Timorese society whose order is based on the sovereignty of the people and which is self-sufficient, open and democratic. During this time, he also worked on a voluntary basis for various non-governmental organizations such as FOKUPERS, ALFELA, Mahein Foundation and others.
In 2016, Amnesty International denounced the harassment of the HAK Association by security forces. Manuel Monteiro Fernandes, the managing director, told Amnesty that the police (PNTL) called him several times about holding peaceful demonstrations during the Indonesian President's state visit on January 26th. The HAK Association, together with other local non-governmental organizations, called for a peaceful demonstration on the day of the visit to demand that the governments of East Timor and Indonesia continue the prosecution of the crimes against humanity committed during the Indonesian occupation between 1975 and 1999. So far, the East Timor’s government has focused on reconciliation with its neighbors. To this end, the recommendations of the Truth and Friendship Commission from 2008 are to be implemented. On January 26, two soldiers from the East Timorese Defense Forces (F-FDTL) came to the HAK Association's office in Dili and demanded that the premises be used as a security base, as the Indonesian embassy is located near the office. Fernandes refused to use the office. One of the soldiers asked another HAK Association employee to immediately take off his T-shirt that read "Freedom for West Papua ". The independence movement, which was annexed by Indonesia in 1963 and has a lot of sympathy in East Timor, is a sensitive issue for Indonesia. Amnesty called for because of the incident to the Justice Minister of East Timor, the Permanent Representatives of East Timor to the United Nations in Geneva and the Ombudsrat for human rights and the (PDHJ), chaired by the former HAK representative Silverio Pinto Baptista held, and the Honorary Consul of East Timor in Germany to write.
The HAK Association has formulated five main objectives:
- Creation of programs and political recommendations for the enforcement and protection of human rights
- Strengthening social groups and protecting victims of human rights violations
- Protecting the creativity, knowledge, assets and interests of society
- Strengthening the network for the enforcement of human rights
- Development of the organization in order to be able to implement activities efficiently and effectively
The HAK Association works on three levels: building a national policy, strengthening human rights and empowering the population. The organization's basic values are humanity, equality, justice for people and democracy based on solidarity, participation, freedom and responsibility.
A general assembly of members is the highest decision-making body of the HAK Association. It sets the program guidelines and receives reports from the Executive Board and the Board of Representatives. At the annual general meeting of the members, the previous companies are checked and new members are confirmed. The Council of Representatives, which consists of nine people, monitors the implementation of the program guidelines by the exclusive body.
The HAK Association is divided into six departments:
- Policy Advocacy
- Legal assistance
- Research and documentation
- Strengthening the community
- Member support
- Institutional support
Members of the Council of Representatives in 2004 were:
- Pendeta Francisco Vasconcelos (moderator of the Timor Leste Christian Church)
- Aniceto Guterres Lopes (lawyer, former director of the HAK, moderator of the Reception, Truth and Reconciliation Commission of East Timor , representative of the non-governmental organizations in the National Council )
- Abdullah Hadi Sagran (Manager of the East Timor Islamic Community Center)
- Arlindo Marçal (politician)
- Adaljíza Magno (politician)
- Jacinta Correia da Costa (Judge at the Tribunal de Recurso de Timor-Leste )
- John Campbell-Nelson (professor, formerly active in the solidarity movement for the independence of East Timor)
- Kerry Brogan (human rights activist, several years with Amnesty International, married to Arsénio Bano )
- Remezia de Fátima (Public Prosecutor)
José Luís de Oliveira was director of the HAK from 2002 to 2006. The current director is Manuel Monteiro Fernandas (as of January 2017). Silverio Pinto Baptista was the deputy director from 2003 to 2005 . Another HAK lawyer was Rui Pereira dos Santos .
- Facebook presence of the First Lady: Reunião com o Director da Associação Hak , January 19, 2017 , accessed on May 10, 2017.
- Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD): The HAK Association , accessed May 4, 2017.
- Amnesty International: Urgent Action: Schikane , January 27, 2016 , accessed May 11, 2017.
- Timor-Leste.org on Zoominfo: Mr. Joaquim da Fonseca AML , accessed on July 12, 2016.
- Paul Toohey: Gillard's brainwave . In: The Northern Territory news . July 17, 2010, ISSN 1837-3909 , p. 22 (English, territorystories.net.gov.au [PDF; 60.3 MB ; accessed on July 18, 2014]).
- PDHJ: Meet the Ombudsman and Deputies ( Memento of the original dated November 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed May 4, 2017.