|95,000 pop (2004)
|2639 inhabitants / km²
Hammamet ( Arabic الحمامات, DMG al-Ḥammāmāt ) is a city in northern Tunisia . It is located in the southeast of the Cap Bon peninsula and belongs to the Nabeul governorate . Since the beginning of the 20th century, the region around Hammamet has been a popular destination for tourists because of the nearby miles of sandy beaches in the north and south of the city and is one of the most visited regions in the country.
In 2004 the city had around 95,000 inhabitants.
In ancient times , the Roman settlement of Pupput existed in the area of today's Hammamet . There are only a few traditions from the further history of Hammamet. A fortress was founded in the 13th century, the city itself was probably not built until the 15th century. Hammamet, then called Mahomette by the Europeans , was a base of the corsairs and was attacked several times by the Spanish. At the beginning of the 20th century, artists and intellectuals such as Paul Klee , August Macke , Gustave Flaubert , Guy de Maupassant , André Gide and Oscar Wilde discovered the fishing village, which was then still unknown in Europe. It subsequently became a popular travel destination for foreigners.
At the beginning of 1943 the villa became Sebastian Erwin Rommel's headquarters, where his successor, General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim , surrendered with his staff on May 13, 1943 . 130,000 German and 120,000 Italian soldiers were captured in Tunisia. This defeat, like that of Stalingrad shortly before, was of decisive importance for the further course of the Second World War. In Germany one spoke behind closed doors (for fear of denunciation ) of "Tunisgrad".
Tourism has been of increasing importance since the 1960s and Hammamet and its surroundings have become the largest seaside resort in Tunisia. In 2004 an extensive necropolis of ancient Pupput was discovered during archaeological excavations .
The core of Hammamet is the historic medina (old town) at the tip of a peninsula. The medina, which is only about 200 × 200 meters in size, is completely walled. The kasbah (fortress) is located on its western corner . The Great Mosque in the Medina was built in the 15th century, the Sidi Gailani Mosque in 1798. Between the main gate and the kasbah are the partially covered market streets of the souks , which are now completely dominated by the souvenir trade.
Outside the medina, directly on the sea, is the Islamic cemetery. Opposite the historic city wall is a small cemetery of the Christian community. Bettino Craxi , Italian Prime Minister from 1983 to 1987, is also buried here.
The center of the modern Hammamet is the Place des Martyrs on the north side of the medina with a monument modeled on the Eiffel Tower , which is supposed to commemorate the “martyrs” of the Tunisian War of Independence. The square is the city's transport hub. This is where the city's two main streets begin, avenue Habib Bourguiba running north and avenue de la République to the east. In the vicinity of these two streets is the modern center of Hammamet with shops, hotels, restaurants and services.
The tourist zone of Hammamet is divided into two sections, which are kilometers north and south of the city center on the beach. The smaller “Zone Touristique Hammamet Nord” begins north of the city center . The southern hotel zone extends over 20 km to the newly built tourist center Yasmine Hammamet . About 4 km south of the center is the cultural center in the former villa of the Romanian millionaire George Sebastian , where an international festival with theater, music and folklore performances takes place in the summer.
- Institut National de la Statistique - Tunisie: Census 2004 ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . ( french )
- Ruins of Pupput
- The great Ploetz. The encyclopedia of world history. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Göttingen 2008, p. 843.
- Alexander Lüdecke: The Second World War. Causes, course, consequences. Berlin 2007, p. 105.
- International Cultural Center ( Memento of the original from December 19, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.