Hari Rud

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Hari Rud
Tedschen, Tejen
Minaret of Jam on Hari Rud

Minaret of Jam on Hari Rud

location Ghor , Herat ( Afghanistan ),
Iran , Turkmenistan
River system Hari Rud
Headwaters in the mountains Koh-e Baba
34 ° 39 '0 "  N , 66 ° 43' 0"  O
Source height approx.  2750  m
Infiltration in the Karakum Desert Coordinates: 37 ° 31 ′ 55 "  N , 60 ° 22 ′ 17"  E 37 ° 31 ′ 55 "  N , 60 ° 22 ′ 17"  E
Mouth height approx.  170  m
Height difference approx. 2580 m
Bottom slope approx. 2.3 ‰
length 1124 km (according to other sources 1150 km)
Catchment area 70,600 km²
Discharge at the gauge Cagcaran
A Eo : 6090 km²
MQ 1961/1978
Mq 1961/1978
31.8 m³ / s
5.2 l / (s km²)
Discharge at the Robat-i-Akhond
A Eo gauge: 21,630 km²
MQ 1966/1978
Mq 1966/1978
47.5 m³ / s
2.2 l / (s km²)
Discharge at the Tir Pul
A Eo gauge: 31,760 km²
MQ 1969/1978
Mq 1969/1978
24.1 m³ / s
0.8 l / (s km²)
Left tributaries Kashaf Rud ( )
Reservoirs flowed through Salma dam ( ), Doosti dam ( )
Big cities Herat
Medium-sized cities Sarakhs ( ), Tejen ( )
Small towns Serakhs , chaghcharan ( )
Hari Rud (Afghanistan)
Minaret of Jam
of Jam
Relief map of Afghanistan with the source and infiltration point of the Hari Rud
Hari Rud in Chaghcharan

Hari Rud in Chaghcharan

Hari Rud in Herat

Hari Rud in Herat

The Hari Rud ( Dari :هریرود; also Tedschen or Tejen ; Greek Ochos (in ancient times)) is a 1124 km long river in Afghanistan , Iran and Turkmenistan .


It rises in the center of Afghanistan in Koh-e Baba and flows westwards past the capital Chaghtscharan of the Afghan province of Ghor, which is 2280  m high, and past the minaret of Jam . In the province of Harat it is dammed by the Salma dam , whose hydropower plant is expected to deliver 42 MW from 2009. It then flows south past Herat . The river valley there is known for its high fertility and dense population. Later it forms the Iranian border with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. About 5 km before the confluence of the Kaschaf Rud , the Hari Rud is dammed by the Doosti dam . The hydropower plant (16 MW) has been operated jointly by Iran and Turkmenistan since October 2005. The dam is also to be used for irrigation of the surrounding plain and for the water supply of Mashhad . The Hari Rud further flows through the border town of Zerah (Turkmenistan) / Sarakhs (Iran), crossing the Turkmenistan Karakum and the oasis city ends west Tedschen in a 60 km wide oasis in the desert Karakum .

Rud means something like "river" in Persian .


Mean monthly discharge of the Hari Rud (in m³ / s) at the Robat-i-Akhond gauge
measured from 1966–1978

Web links

Commons : Hari Rud  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica : Afghanistan Drainage
  2. geonames.org
  3. a b Article Hari Rud in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D109412~2a%3DHari%20Rud~2b%3DHari%20Rud
  4. a b c d Streamflow Characteristics at Streamgages in Northern Afghanistan and Selected Locations (PDF 5.6 MB) USGS.
  5. Afghan Energy Information Center (AEIC) Donor Projects (PDF)
  6. ^ Doosti Reservoir Dam