Main command post in Ticino
The main command post in Ticino of the People's Navy was located near the town of Drüsewitz , municipality of Selpin near Ticino in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . It was covered in case of war prepared command post of the command of the People's Navy of the GDR . In times of peace, the command used the daily command post (TGS) in Rostock-Gehlsdorf .
The main command post (HGS) of the People's Navy of the GDR was built in the first half of the 1970s as construction project 16/001. It was put into operation on December 1, 1974. Its location near the town of Drüsewitz on the highway between the towns of Ticino and Laage in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. As a military restricted area, the forest was surrounded by a double fence and provided with additional security systems.
The center of the main command post was a two-storey bunker with the basic dimensions of around 50 m × 57 m, which was built in protection class "A" according to NVA classification, which means that the protective structure of the building can withstand the overpressure from a nuclear weapon detonation of 25 kp / cm² , approximately equivalent to the weapon effect of a concrete-breaking bomb of 2500 kg of explosives . One of the floors is a mezzanine (height 2 m) with no technical use. It was located directly below the shatter layer of the bunker, above the 1st and 2nd basement. It was filled with a layer of gravel.
The bunker was built according to the project documents of the previously built Hennickendorf bunker , which is known to have been the first main command post of the Ministry for National Defense of the GDR.
Above-ground buildings were a shelter and guard building, a transformer station and a small automotive base. Another accommodation building was built in 1983/84. The buildings could not be seen from the nearby road. Only a steel lattice mast (38 m) with antenna systems towered over the tree tops. It did not allow any conclusions to be drawn about the legal ownership of the area, and resembled a typical post office system.
Use in the period before the fall
The military facility with the bunker was used as a covered, prepared main command post of the People's Navy of the GDR. He was equipped with all the necessary operational, technical and general facilities as a management position and was kept in constant readiness to take over management by around 300 people who could have worked independently for up to 20 days. A maintenance unit ensured constant readiness for use .
The message center of the HGS Ticino was managed in the secretly prepared NVA message system with the designation “Auxiliary Message Center 34” (HNZ). This concealed the existence of the main command post from the technical and operating personnel in the message system. All radio , microwave and wired communications links for the leadership were prepared from the headquarters in an open and covert regime. As a rule, all radio link connections, including those in the party's radio link network, were operated from the Böhlendorf radio node. The directional radio channels to the HGS were switched via telecommunication cables. Connections were organized to all subordinate intelligence centers in the command system of the People's Navy, including the air-moving and floating units. At the central level there were communication links to the Ministry of National Defense with its main intelligence center , the headquarters of the branches of the armed forces , the military districts and the cooperating naval forces of the United Armed Forces. The control center was connected to the tropospheric radio control center 302 and thus to the strategic tropospheric communication system "BARS" of the Warsaw Pact via telecommunication cables and switch shafts .
Use in the post-reunification period
With the dissolution of the NVA, the bunker system became part of the Bundeswehr , which no longer used the system. According to contemporary witnesses, the bunker was completely cleared and finally closed in 1993. The Bundeswehr countered unauthorized entry into the bunker with danger to life and limb by filling all entrances and openings with liquid concrete , verifiable at the main entrance of the bunker, the emergency exits in the superstructures of the emergency exits, the exhaust system of the emergency power supply , the ducts for antenna, Control and power lines . The entire forest section was divided into two parts, auctioned and passed into private ownership in 2007. One section includes all buildings above ground, the other the area with the bunker system. In June 2011 the bunker was temporarily opened. The statements of contemporary witnesses were not confirmed.
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- Joachim Kampe: The tropospheric message system "BARS" and the Wollenberg bunker. Meißler, Hoppegarten-Hönow 2013, ISBN 978-3-932566-90-5 .
Coordinates: 53 ° 59 '23.6 " N , 12 ° 26' 16.9" E