Heinrich Schütz House (Weißenfels)
The Heinrich-Schütz-Haus in Weißenfels is located in the house in which the composer Heinrich Schütz lived from 1651 until his death and where he created important late works. Today, the museum is the only home of the musician that can largely be viewed in its original state.
In 1956, the Weißenfels city archivist Adolf Schmiedecke set up a small Schütz memorial in the house for the first time, which was then moved to a room in Neu-Augustusburg Castle in the 1970s . The house was still inhabited at that time. In the mid-1980s, after extensive reconstruction and restoration work, the Weißenfels music memorial was set up in the house for the 400th birthday of Heinrich Schütz. In 1994 the permanent exhibition was redesigned with a focus on the composer's early work and his relationship with Weißenfels. Since 2003 the Weißenfelser Musikverein Heinrich Schütz e. V. sponsored the Heinrich Schütz House. In 2006 the house was included in the Federal Government's Blue Book as a cultural memorial of particular national importance. In 2012 the renaissance building, which was built around 1552, was reopened with a modern, interactive permanent exhibition after renovation in accordance with listed buildings.
Exhibition and collections
A permanent exhibition provides information about the life and work of Heinrich Schütz. The restored composing room shows u. a. two music fragments found in the house by the composer's hand. Sound samples and films should give an impression of the musician's way of composing. An architecture path draws attention to valuable structural details of the house. The museum houses the Schütziana of the Weißenfels Museum and the music collection of the former Weissenfels ephoral library (WFe). The Heinrich-Schütz-Haus conducts scientific research into the life and work of Heinrich Schütz as well as the music at the Weißenfelser Fürstenhof and the civic music care in Weißenfels, especially at the St. Marien town church .
In October 2010, during the renovation of the house, two text fragments from a no longer preserved composition were found, in which Psalm 10 is set to music. The fragments date from 1650 to 1660.
In 2013, the Leipzig Bach researcher Peter Wollny discovered a hitherto unknown manuscript ( autograph ) by Johann Sebastian Bach in the Heinrich Schütz House . A copy of a mass by the Italian composer Francesco Gasparini was found in the collection of the former Weissenfels ephoral library. In 2005 the Heinrich-Schütz-Haus took over the music collection of the former Weissenfels ephoral library from the Protestant parish as a loan to its archive in order to make it accessible for research and to make it accessible for musical practice. Although Johann Sebastian Bach worked as a composer for the Weißenfelser Hof from 1713 and from 1729 to 1736 he had the title of Hofkapellmeister “from home”, the manuscript found is probably not related to his work for Weißenfels. He made the copy of the mass around 1740 for performances in the two main churches of Leipzig, St. Thomas and St. Nikolai . The discovery of the Bach manuscript in the archive of the Heinrich Schütz House supports the assumption that parts of the Weissenfels music collection originally came from Leipzig. Two Weißenfels cantors , Carl Ludwig Traugott Glaeser (cantor 1771–1797) and Karl Heinrich Reinicke (cantor 1797–1798), completed their training in the Leipzig St. Thomas Choir and at the University of Leipzig . It is believed that Glaeser laid the foundation for the musical collection in Weißenfels by acquiring numerous manuscripts from Leipzig musicians. The manuscript was found in the performance material for an anonymous mass. Bach added the voices of the fair sounded reinforcing strings and wind instruments added. A total of four out of thirteen voices were written by Bach, the other nine voices were made by a copyist . In this arrangement, the work evidently found the interest of the Weißenfels cantors, who collected a striking number of works with a rich wind instrumentation for the main and festival services at Weißenfels St. Marien.
- Günter Kowa: Right up under the roof, there is treasure in the music cabinet. In: FAZ , December 1, 2012, p. 34.
- Henrike Rucker: My song in my house. Catalog for the permanent exhibition of the Heinrich-Schütz-Haus Weißenfels. Edited by Weißenfelser Musikverein "Heinrich Schütz" eV, Weißenfels 2014
- Under old wooden floorboards . Article in the Sächsische Zeitung on May 5, 2011
- German Music Information Center: Music manuscript discovered by Johann Sebastian Bach In: news , June 7, 2013.
- Unknown Bach manuscript discovered - researcher Peter Wollny on the discovery of an autograph by Johann Sebastian Bach In: Deutschlandfunk - Kultur heute , June 6, 2013.