Otto Lilienthal Museum

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Otto Lilienthal Museum
Otto Lilienthal Museum.JPG
Front view of the museum
place Anklam
Technology museum
opening 1991
City of Anklam
ISIL DE-MUS-831210
View into the exhibition hall of the museum
Exhibit: Steam engine №137 of the machine factory O. Lilienthal Berlin from 1889 intended for wall mounting

The Otto Lilienthal Museum is located in Anklam in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district , Ellbogenstraße 1.


Otto Lilienthal's native town has had a local museum since 1927 with exhibits on the life and work of the aviation pioneer and a replica of a Lilienthal glider of the " normal sailing apparatus " type. In 1972 the museum moved into what is now the Lilienthal Museum. In connection with an official visit by the Soyuz 31 crew, it was decided in 1980 to set up an independent museum for Otto Lilienthal. In 1989 the regional history museum moved to the Anklamer Steintor , the " Museum im Steintor " was created. In 1991 the Otto Lilienthal Museum was opened in the building of the former local history museum. The occasion was the anniversary “100 years of human flight”. In 1996, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Otto Lilienthal's death, a hall extension with 300 m² of additional exhibition space was opened. The museum received a wide variety of awards, including the European Museum of the Year Award - Special Commendation in 1999 and the “recognized museum” title of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale . At the Expo 2005 in Japan , the museum was represented as a partner in the German pavilion. In 2006 it was named an “Excellent Place” in the “ 365 Landmarks in the Land of Ideas ” campaign.

The permanent exhibition

The permanent exhibition of the museum shows all known aircraft constructions Lilienthal in reconstruction as well as his aerodynamic experimental setups. The museum Lilienthal's flights as the turning point of the history of flies will, for which there are 4,000 year old documents to the technological history of human flight . The House sees itself as a technical staff museum, which is also the significant other activities of the brothers Otto and Gustav Lilienthal dedicated ( Social reform , construction, toys ). In the exhibition part of life way is u. a. the only surviving steam engine from Lilienthal production, which could be acquired in Australia in 2004.

About 3 km away from the museum, on the Anklam airfield, there is an outdoor area of ​​the museum, the Aeronauticon teaching and adventure garden .


In the museum there are replicas of all known Lilienthal flying machines and their experimental set-ups in terms of flight physics. In addition to that of the Deutsches Museum in Munich , the museum also has the most important collection of original testimonies to the life and work of Lilienthal.

On the subject of hang gliders - Lilienthal's flight principle as it is today - the museum has had a collection of more than 150 aircraft since 1999. Under the title “Ikareum” ®, the city of Anklam is pursuing the project of dedicating Otto Lilienthal's baptistery, the Nikolaikirche , to this exhibition theme in the future.

Within eleven years, until 2014, Lilienthal's well-known estate was completely digitized, including the objects outside of it, located in different countries.

At the beginning of 2018, the museum received the estate of the locksmith and aircraft mechanic Paul Beylich (1874–1965) from his great-granddaughter Andrea Frey. Beylich was one of Lilienthal's closest collaborators and probably the only witness of the crash at Rhinow.


The museum is sponsored by the city of Anklam. The construction was supported by the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania .

The museum is a member of various professional associations (e.g. the German Museum Association , the European Museum Forum and the Society for the Preservation of Sites of German Aviation History ).

The Otto Lilienthal Museum was included in the Blue Book published in 2001 as a “cultural memorial of national importance”. The selection of the cultural sites was made on the initiative of the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media in coordination with the East German ministers of culture.

See also

Web links

Commons : Otto-Lilienthal-Museum  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The museum's hang glider collection
  2. Project study "Ikareum"
  3. ↑ The legacy of the aviation pioneer Lilienthal digitized. In: January 5, 2015, accessed January 5, 2015 .
  4. ^ Otto Lilienthal Museum: Archive

Coordinates: 53 ° 51 ′ 14 "  N , 13 ° 42 ′ 17"  E