Winckelmann Museum

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Winckelmann Museum

The Winckelmann Museum is a museum in Stendal that deals with the founder of classical archeology as a science of art history and an important representative of classicism , Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768).

History of the museum

The Winckelmann Museum is located at the place where Winckelmann was born, in the street named after him in 1844. Due to the structural history of the building, it is no longer entirely clear which parts of the house belonged to the Winckelmann family. It was opened on January 31, 1955 and is still the only museum today that is dedicated to Winckelmann. Initially, the five rooms in the basement were available; the permanent exhibition was set up here. In 1971 the museum also got the upper floor, which is used for special exhibitions. During a comprehensive reconstruction between 1979 and 1985, the space could be expanded again. The inner courtyard was redesigned in 1986. Next to the inner courtyard is a garden that has been home to a replica of the Trojan horse since 2003 . It is supposed to remind of Winckelmann's predilection for the poet Homer . The exhibits were mainly collected by the Winckelmann Society , which was founded in 1940 and has also been the sponsor of the museum since 2000. Since 1990 it has been managed by Stephanie-Gerrit Bruer , who succeeded Max Kunze , who had become museum director there in 1971. The museum was initially municipal and is now a member of the working group of independent cultural institutes through the Winckelmann Society . In 2001 the museum was included in the Federal Government's Blue Book and is one of the 20 “ cultural memorials in the New States ”.

In December 2018, the museum reopened after almost two and a half years of renovation. The originally planned € 3.3 million costs had increased by € 1 million. One million euros were earmarked for the expansion of the exhibition. Because of the massively increased costs, of which 90% were borne by the state and 10% by the city with a deductible of the owner of a quarter of a million euros, there was massive criticism, especially from the Stendal city council, of the president of the Winckelmann Society , Max Kunze, reacted with malice.

Permanent exhibition and children's museum

The first four rooms sketch Winckelmann's life in chronological form. In the first exhibition room, a shoemaker's workshop was reproduced as it was typical for the Altmark in the first half of the 18th century . There is a workplace like the one where Winckelmann's father had worked, including utensils for the shoemaker's trade, a family table and an alcove with sleeping places. In addition, several documents are shown that provide information about Winckelmann's childhood and youth. The second room illustrates the training at the grammar school in Berlin with Christian Tobias Damm and at the University of Halle . For example, pictures of important Professors Winckelmann are shown. In addition, the coin collection of Johann Heinrich Schulze is shown in comparable coins. Room three is dedicated to the years from 1743 to 1755. For example, the Seehausen school chronicle is shown, where Winckelmann was vice principal. A view of Nöthnitz Castle and a volume of the library catalog of Heinrich von Bünau's library represent the time as a librarian at Nöthnitz Castle. Pictures by Christian Ludwig von Hagedorn and Adam Friedrich Oeser stand for the Dresden artistic circles in which Winckelmann then frequented, a portrait of the papal envoy stands for the change of religion. The central exhibit in this room, however, is a copy of the “ Little Herculean Woman ” from the Dresden sculpture collection , which Winckelmann initiated for his first important study “Thoughts on Imitation”. The fourth room represents the years 1755 to 1768, most of which he spent in Rome . Twelve etchings by Giuseppe Vasi give an impression of the “Eternal City” in Winckelmann's time . Views of his living and working places are shown, as well as pictures of scholars and artists with whom he was associated. Documents on the murder, memorial writings and medals and drafts for a tomb refer to Winckelmann's tragic end in Trieste .

This is followed by three rooms in which Winckelmann's most important works are shown. The first of these rooms is dedicated to the writings on the excavations at Pompeii and Herculaneum . Here, among other things, everyday Roman objects from the museum's original collection are shown. There are also watercolors based on Pompeian wall paintings . The following room deals with the writings on architecture, the gems and the vases . You can see the gem collection of Philipp Daniel Lippert and the gem collection of Baron Philipp von Stosch , both of which were published by Winckelmann. There are also several vases and a volume from the publication of Sir William Hamilton's vase collection, which also includes research by Winckelmann. The research on architecture is represented by Winckelmann's excerpts and etchings by Giovanni Battista Piranesi . The last room is dedicated to the "History of Ancient Art". Here Winckelmann's theories are illustrated by means of plaster casts of several well-known works, such as the bust of Apollo Belvedere and the Laocoon group .

There is also an associated children's museum, where children can explore a Roman villa that was buried when Vesuvius erupted, mount the Trojan horse, dress like Greeks or Romans and explore a maze. There are also offers for handicrafts and painting and antique children's games can be played. The working methods of archaeologists can also be explored in an "archaeologist camp" in the museum garden.

Special exhibitions

Since taking over the responsibility of the Winckelmann Society, the museum has carried out a comparatively large number of special exhibitions of various sizes. These are dedicated to different topics, such as archeology, art history, literature or Winckelmann and his time, the history of Stendal, but especially often also the reception of antiquities. Among other things:

  • 1985: Alfred T. Mörstedt. Drawings, collages, prints, gouaches. Exhibition on the occasion of the artist's 60th birthday
  • 1986: Exhibition on archaeological research in the 17th century in Italy
  • 1987: Gorch Wenske, Berlin. Sculptor, restorer
  • 1989: Friedrich B. Henkel, Italian travel: travel sketches, drawings, collages, sculptures, reliefs, sketches and drafts for the "Winckelmann honor" in Stendal
  • 1990: From Pompeii to Troy. Archaeological discoveries from Winckelmann to Schliemann
  • 1991: Reception of antiquity in the art of the GDR. Retrospectives
  • 1998: antiquities taken for granted. Images and motifs from the old world in the caricature
  • 1998: Roman collections of antiquities in the 18th century
  • 1999: rebirth of Greek gods and heroes. Homer in the art of the Goethe era
  • 2000: Alexander the Great: King of the World. A newly discovered bronze statue
  • 2001: Between antiquity, classicism and romanticism. The artist family Riepenhausen
  • 2001: Search for the infinite. Watercolors and drawings of German and Austrian Romanticism from the Kupferstichkabinett of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
  • 2001: Johann Schmied, little Italian trip
  • 2001: Livia. Wife of the Roman emperor Augustus. An unknown portrait from San Francisco
  • 2002: From the Sun King to the French Revolution. Book illustration in the 18th century
  • 2002: Greek vases from the Fritz Lichtenhahn collection, Hamburg, Arosa
  • 2003: “On the way in Rome”. Vedutas of the Winckelmann and Goethe times (Giuseppe Vasi, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Luigi Rossini)
  • 2003: God of the Sea and Seahorse. A newly discovered masterpiece of Greek bronze art from Jerusalem
  • 2003: The seven wonders of the ancient world. Ways of recovery from six centuries
  • 2003: The rediscovery of Egyptian art in the 18th century. Winckelmann and Egypt
  • 2004: Burned - Burned - Burned Back. - The vase collection of the Magdeburg Cultural History Museum
  • 2004: East-West Icarus. A myth in divided Germany
  • 2005: Franz Caucig - A Viennese artist during Goethe's time in Italy
  • 2005: eyes on the move. Travel pictures - watercolors and drawings by Georg Dehio
  • 2005: The statue of Dionysus. An unknown torso from the holdings of the Gemäldegalerie of the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. An exhibition "in progress"
  • 2005: Art and Enlightenment in the 18th Century. Art education of the academies. Art mediation by the princes. University art collection
  • 2005: Metamorphosis and Myth / Hans Schulze - a German painter's fate in the 20th century
  • 2005: drawing, painting, education, thinking. Art Academy and Enlightenment in the 18th Century
  • 2005: Floris Neusüss : Before Troy - antique photograms
  • 2005: The birth of archeology: Pompeii - Greece - Egypt in books and pictures
  • 2006: On to Olympus - antiquity in children's books from six centuries
  • 2006: Antiques for Winckelmann. The Winckelmann Museum's antique collection
  • 2006: satyr, mask, festival. From the world of ancient theater
  • 2007: Roman gardens from the Winckelmann era. Regulated form - unbridled nature
  • 2007: The doors of San Miguel del Allende, Mexico
  • 2007: Apollo from the Palatinate. Elector Carl Theodor and the ancient world on the Rhine and Neckar
  • 2007: Book Stories. 500 years of printers, publishers and libraries in Stendal
  • 2007: Christmas exhibition
  • 2008: "... because you are life-size drawn and measured in the artist's book." The portrait album of German-speaking artists - a testament to the life of artists in Rome at the time of Romanticism
  • 2008: Daktyliotheken. Antique gems in impression collections from the 18th and 19th centuries
  • 2008: Images of women. Ancient imagery and female worlds in the 18th century
  • 2008: Greece 1891/1892 and 1910 in measurement images
  • 2008: Antique works of art from a north German private collection
  • 2009: high tech in archeology
  • 2009: Maecenas. Archetype and promoter of art
  • 2009: Antique becomes fashion. Antiquity in everyday life in the 18th and 19th centuries
  • 2009: The Etruscans. The discovery of her art since Winckelmann (September 19 to November 29)
  • 2010: encounter with the foreign. Early images of the Orient in the 17th-19th centuries century
  • 2010: Anny Schröder - Greek Visions. In search of cultural identity between Nazi terror and the economic miracle
  • 2010: Remembering Egypt. Early photographs, lithographs, engravings and maps from the Dan Kyram collection, Jerusalem
  • 2010: idols, gods and idols
  • 2010: The Greeks and the Sea. Greek fish plate from the Florence Gottet collection
  • 2011: Ancient sites and landscapes. Watercolors, gouaches and oil paintings by Gerhard Vorteil
  • 2011: Classicism in Germany and Italy. The Wolfgang von Wangenheim Collection
  • 2011: Pictures of the desert. Painting by Sabine Kahane, photographs by Arie Bar Lev Israel
  • 2011: The Artemis of Pompeii. To discover the colors of Greek sculptures
  • 2011: "Whoever feels lust for life" Bertel Thorvaldsen - The sculptor as a draftsman
  • 2012: nice. Secrets of beauty then and now
  • 2012: Egypt, Nubia and Cyrenaica. The imaginary journey of Norbert Bittner (1786–1851)
  • 2012: where true freedom lives. Winckelmann's Rome
  • 2012: Albrecht Dürer creative / interactive
  • 2016: Saint Nicholas. Life and work of Nikolaos of Myra
  • 2016: Roman Forum - time travel through 3000 years of history
  • 2017: Johann Joachim Winckelmann. Archaeologist - Enlightenment - Founder of Science. 300th birthday 2017 - 250th anniversary of death 2018 (traveling exhibition)
  • 2018: Nobody can value a man more than me ... - Winckelmann & Lessing . (An exhibition in cooperation with the Lessing Museum Kamenz)

Only the year of the start of the exhibition is given, some exhibitions also went beyond the annual limits.


  • The Winckelmann Museum in Stendal. A memorandum , German Association of Archaeologists, Würzburg 1996 (Writings of the German Association of Archaeologists, Vol. 14)
  • Max Kunze , Stephanie-Gerrit Bruer (ed.): Winckelmann Museum. A walk through the exhibition , Rutzen, Ruhpolding-Mainz 2007, ISBN 978-3-938646-18-2

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Bernd-Volker Brahms, Volksstimme Magdeburg: Still crackling in the air. Retrieved December 11, 2018 .
  2. ^ Announcements from the Winckelmann Society. 74 / 2011–2012, p. 11 below (PDF 2.3 MB)

Coordinates: 52 ° 36 ′ 25.4 ″  N , 11 ° 51 ′ 14 ″  E