Henry-Russell Hitchcock

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Henry-Russell Hitchcock (born June 3, 1903 in Boston , † February 19, 1987 in New York City ) was an American architectural historian , museum director, and architectural critic and theorist.

life and work

Hitchcock studied art history at Harvard University , where he was involved in the editing of the avant-garde magazine Hound & Horn . Together with his fellow students, including the art historian and later architect Philip Johnson and the musicologist Virgil Thomson , he made a significant contribution to the spread of modern art in the USA. In 1924 he earned his bachelor's degree and in 1927 his master's degree .

Henry-Russell Hitchcock became famous together with Philip Johnson thanks to the formation of the name The International Style . It was one of the titles of the exhibition the two of them organized at MoMA in 1932 after their trip to Europe (1930) together . Hitchcock later taught at New York University and Smith College , where he was director of the Smith College Museum of Art from 1947 to 1955 .

Hitchcock's view of modern architecture set him apart from other contemporaries. He did not see the main cause of the development of modernity in social currents, but in the activities of individual ingenious individuals .

In addition to contemporary architecture, he was also interested in historical architecture, such as English and American historicism , the German and Dutch Renaissance and the South German Baroque .

In 1953, Hitchcock was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .


  • The International Style: Architecture since 1922. 1932 (with Philip C. Johnson)
  • The Architecture of HH Richardson and His Times. 1936
  • In the Nature of Materials, 1887-1941: The Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright. 1942
  • Early Victorian architecture in Britain. 1954
  • Latin American Architecture since 1945. 1955
  • Architecture: Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. 1958
  • Rococo Architecture in Southern Germany. 1968
  • Modern Architecture: Romanticism and Reintegration. 1972
  • HPP buildings and designs. 1973
  • Netherlandish Scrolled Gables of the Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Centuries. 1978
  • German Renaissance Architecture. 1981

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Members of the American Academy. Listed by election year, 1950-1999 ( [1] ). Retrieved September 23, 2015