Reign of Haigerloch
The rule of Haigerloch was a late medieval-early modern state rule in southwest Germany.
1095 is the first time the castrum Haigerloch , one in the Haigerlocher upper town left of Eyach located castle that the counts of Haigerloch - Wiesneck shelter mentioned. When these counts died out (after 1162), the Counts of Hohenberg took over Haigerloch. The place developed into a town in the late 12th and 13th centuries, with the construction of a castle in the lower town (around 1200) and the expansion of the lower town to the right of the Eyach emphasizing Haigerloch as the center of power for the Hohenbergers. The county of Hohenberg, including Haigerloch, was sold to the Habsburgs in 1381 , and the town and rule of Haigerloch were subsequently pledged several times.
Two inventory books from the 15th century, a toboggan from 1458 and a land register from 1472 list the property and rights of the Haigerloch lordship. Thereafter, these included real estate, vineyards, fishing waters and parish foundations in the near and far (also beyond the Neckar near Horb) as well as the village lords associated with lower jurisdiction in Höfendorf , Hart , Trillfingen , Randelfingen, Bittelbronn (Haigerloch) , Weildorf, Gruol , Hospach and holy rooms (accessories left and right of the Eyach).
In 1497 the Haigerloch rule finally fell to the County of Zollern , after it had been pledged to it since 1488. Count Eitel Friedrich II. Von Zollern (1452-1512) exchanged his rule of Rhäzüns for the rule of Haigerloch and all sovereign rights there, taking into account the rights of the town of Haigerloch.
In 1552 the rule was given a state order - initially against the resistance of the city - together with the rule Wehrstein, which consisted of three towns and was acquired by the Zollern in 1552, the rule Haigerloch-Wehrstein. After Zoller inheritance in 1576, Haigerloch became the residence of the Hohenzollern-Haigerloch line , which died out in 1634. The Sigmaringer Line subsequently used Haigerloch as an “outpost” with unlimited sovereignty. Under Prince Joseph von Sigmaringen (1715–1769) the city was economically and culturally significant, while Prince Karl Friedrich (1769–1785) ended Haigerloch's position as a royal seat.
In 1806, the Haigerloch lordship consisted of eleven towns with just under 5700 inhabitants and the town with just under 800 inhabitants. The affiliated dominion Wehrstein had around 2300 inhabitants.
- E. Blessing: City and rule of Haigerloch in the Middle Ages (works on regional studies of Hohenzollern 11) , Sigmaringen 1974
- Meinrad Schaab , Hansmartin Schwarzmaier (ed.) A. a .: Handbook of Baden-Württemberg History . Volume 2: The Territories in the Old Kingdom. Edited on behalf of the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg . Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-608-91466-8 , p. 375f.