Horned violets

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Horned violets
Horn violets (Viola cornuta) in Spain

Horn violets ( Viola cornuta ) in Spain

Eurosiden I
Order : Malpighiales (Malpighiales)
Family : Violet family (Violaceae)
Genre : Violets ( viola )
Type : Horned violets
Scientific name
Viola cornuta
Horn violets ( Viola cornuta ) in the Pyrenees

The horn violet ( Viola cornuta ) is a species of the violet ( Viola ) genus . The species hybridizes with Viola velutina , the garden pansy ( Viola x wittrockiana ) and Viola stojanowii .


The horned violet is a perennial , herbaceous plant that becomes 20 to 30 centimeters high. It forms a rhizome . The ovoid, pointed and notched leaves are usually 2 to 3, rarely up to 5 centimeters long and hairy on their underside. Their stipules are mostly serrated, sometimes more or less deeply cut. The flowers have a diameter of usually 2 to 3, rarely up to 4 centimeters, and are purple or lavender. Your slightly curved spur becomes 10 to 15 millimeters long.

The flowering period extends from May to October.

The number of chromosomes is 2n = 20, 22, 42.


The horned violet occurs in the Pyrenees and northern Spain on rocky meadows and alpine meadows at altitudes up to 2500 meters. It is now naturalized in southern and western Central Europe

Horn violets
Viola cornuta 'Callisto'


The horn violet is mainly used for graves, large-scale plantings, flower beds and window boxes. There are numerous varieties with different flower colors from yellow to blue and blue-violet to purple-violet, as well as red, white and almost black tints. The varieties are propagated partly by means of sinkers and cracks, and partly by seeds. Varieties such as 'Altona', 'Angerland', 'Cleo', 'Famos', 'Germania', 'Hansa', 'John Wallmark', 'Lady Scott', 'Louis', 'Kathrinchen', 'Milkmaid' are propagated vegetatively , 'Rebecca', 'Winona Crawthorne' and 'Woodgate'. The varieties 'Admiration' (dark blue), 'Blue Beauty' (bright blue), 'Blue Perfection' (light blue) are generatively increased . They will be available in stores from mid-February as they can withstand short periods of frost well. 'Gustav Wermig', 'Perfecta Alba' and 'Rubin' (dark wine red).

supporting documents

  • Eckehart J. Jäger, Friedrich Ebel, Peter Hanelt, Gerd K. Müller (eds.): Rothmaler - excursion flora from Germany. Volume 5: Herbaceous ornamental and useful plants . Spectrum Academic Publishing House, Berlin Heidelberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8274-0918-8 , p. 224 .

Individual evidence

  1. Martin Haberer: 1200 garden and indoor plants . 4th edition. Ulmer, ISBN 978-3-8001-0363-8 , pp. 482 .
  2. Interactive Flora of Northwest Europe ( Memento of the original from May 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / nlbif.eti.uva.nl
  3. Viola cornuta - Hortipedia. Retrieved March 28, 2019 .
  4. Everyday knowledge
  5. Gartenbau Magazin, Volume 2, Thalacker, 1993 [1]
  6. Gartenbau Magazin, Volume 2, Thalacker, 1993 [2]

Web links

Commons : Horned Violets ( Viola cornuta )  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files