Ignaz Schuppanzigh

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Ignaz Anton Schuppanzigh (born July 20, 1776 in Vienna ; † March 2, 1830 there ) was an Austrian violinist and conductor .


Ignaz Schuppanzigh was the son of a teacher who taught Italian at the Theresianum . As the leader of Prince Karl Lichnowsky's string quartet , he came into contact with Ludwig van Beethoven , whom he later taught violin and with whom he remained lifelong friends. He also made great contributions to the implementation of Beethoven's works in Vienna.

From 1795, Schuppanzigh conducted the famous Augarten concerts .

In 1804 he founded the famous Schuppanzigh Quartet , which in the course of time u. a. Joseph Mayseder , Franz Weiss, Peter Hänsel , Anton Kraft , Emanuel Aloys Förster , cellist Joseph Linke from 1808 and Karl Holz as second violinist from 1823 . The ensemble soon gained the reputation of the best European string quartet and had a great influence on the composers of the time. It is considered the first professional string quartet . From 1808 to 1816 it was in the service of Prince Andreas Rasumofsky . Many of Beethoven's quartets , especially the last technically difficult ones, were premiered by Schuppanzigh and his quartet.

Franz Schubert dedicated the String Quartet No. 13 "Rosamunde" in A minor op. 29 to Schuppanzigh .


Individual evidence

  1. Michael Lorenz : "Four more months for Ignaz Schuppanzigh" , August 13, 2012