Institute for Legal Informatics (Saarbrücken)
On the one hand, it deals with the question of how lawyers can do their work better with the help of new technologies. Similar to the economy computer science or medical computer science is right computer science also a part of the area of computer science applied . Legal informatics should help answer the question of which technical instruments (e.g. computers or the Internet) can be used in which way as aids for legal search, learning and decision-making processes and which advantages and disadvantages are associated with them.
In this context, the Institute for Legal Informatics sees it as its task in particular to make legal information accessible electronically - i.e. different from the traditional printed form - and to promote electronic legal communication. An example of this area are legal online databases and the technical support of decision databases on court websites. Examples are the sites of the Federal Constitutional Court , the Saarland labor courts, the Finanzgericht of the Saarland and the Constitutional Court of the Saarland .
The online publication of decisions by the courts themselves ensures the authenticity of the information retrieved and relieves the budget of the courts through savings in the dispatch of decisions. Another advantage is that it is technically possible to make decisions available at the same time as they are announced. Traditional lecture events are also accompanied by electronic working groups in teaching. The software module developed as a model by the Institute for Legal Informatics is now being used successfully by several chairs as a supplement to lectures and exercises. The online publications of the Law Department, the so-called "Saarbrücker Bibliothek", also belong to this focus.
Right to information
On the other hand, the institute deals with the right to information and the legal questions of the new media, especially the law of the Internet. The Internet raises a multitude of legal questions, which both de lege lata and de lege ferenda affect almost all areas of law and regularly a large number of legal systems. The law of the Internet - also known as online law, Netlaw / Netzrecht or Cyberlaw - looks at the realities of the "Internet" from a multitude of legal perspectives (civil law, public law and criminal law) and has meanwhile developed into an independent field of law. Closely related to Internet law is the law of electronic commerce ( e-commerce ); Electronic business transactions take place via the Internet to a not only insignificant extent, so that the facts overlap. In addition to e-commerce, electronic legal transactions as a generic term also include the use of multimedia and the Internet in the public sector, in particular electronic administration ( e-administration ).
The Institute for Legal Informatics focuses on civil law issues of information law. As part of this focus, for example, in the remus project, it examines legal problems that arise when using multimedia and the Internet in schools and universities. Another example is the Internet magazine JurPC , published by Maximilian Herberger , which exclusively deals with topics from the field of legal informatics. Legal informatics issues are dealt with in numerous specialist lectures on this topic as well as on the EDP court day.
Together with the European EDP Academy of Law , the Institute for Legal Informatics is a cooperation partner of Creative Commons and, as project lead, is jointly responsible for adapting the licenses to the German legal situation.
The institute was established in 1988 with the establishment of the chair for legal informatics, which was initially funded by the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft and was filled with Maximilian Herberger . Herberger initially devoted himself to research and teaching in this area and very soon founded the German EDV Court Conference , which deals with questions of application of electronic data processing in the judiciary and organizes a Germany-wide congress once a year. The research activities were continued in the form of an institute: the institute for legal informatics was replaced by the chair for civil law, legal theory and legal informatics (Maximilian Herberger) and the chair for civil law, civil procedural law and legal philosophy ( Helmut Rüßmann ), and later also the chair for German and European procedural and labor law as well as civil law ( Stephan Weth ) of the Saarland University. Today, four chairs from the law and economics faculty of Saarland University and other members of Saarland University and Luxembourg University hold the institute: Chair for civil law, legal informatics, German and international business law and legal theory ( Georg Borges ; Managing Director), Chair for Media and Telecommunication Law ( Mark Cole ), Chair for French Public Law ( Philippe Cossalter ), juris-endowed professorship for Legal Informatics ( Christoph Sorge ) and Chair for German and European procedural and labor law as well as civil law (Stephan Weth).
- Institute for Legal Informatics at the Saarland University
- old site of the Institute for Legal Informatics at Saarland University